This Day in History- June 30

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June 30

History is fascinating and tells us about everything that happened in the past, and how it has contributed to the current day. We tend to ignore how things were once, and it is important to know the foundation of things and how they started.  History gives us a picture of where we stand today. It is a reminder of how far we have come along. Let’s unravel this day in history- June 30. 

What Happened in India on June 30?

1855 – The Santhal Rebellion
The Santhal rebellion also called the Santhal Hool was started against the British colonial authority and zamindari system. The Santhal Revolt took place in 1855-56. Santhals are a tribal group concentrated in the state of Jharkhand. 

Credits: Bitian

1857 – The battle of Chinhat
The Battle of Chinhat happened on 30 June 1857. The leader of the British The Chief Commissioner of Oude, Sir Henry Lawrence. The insurgent force was led by Barkat Ahmad. They also had mutineers from the East India Company’s army, along with retainers of local landowners.

Credits: Wikihow

1947 – Announcement of partition of Bengal and Punjab 
The partition involved the division of two provinces, Bengal and Punjab based on district-wide non-Muslim or Muslim majorities. The partition also saw the division of the British Indian Army, the Royal Indian Navy, the Indian civil service, the railways, and the central treasury.

What Happened Around the World on June 30?

  • 1860- Debate of Darwin’s theory
    A debate happened between Thomas Henry Huxley and Bishop Samuel Wilberforce that got famous. It was regarding Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution and this debate was held at the Oxford University Museum. 
  • 1938- 1st Superman comic series
    Superman 1st appeared in DC  Action Comics Series issue #1. Action Comics #1 is the original piece of the comic book series Action Comics which is its first issue. The first appearance of several comic-book heroes was mentioned in this action comic and initially, it was sold for 10 cents.
  • 1936- ‘Gone with the wind’ published
    Margaret Mitchell’s novel “Gone with the Wind” was published on June 30, 1936. The story starts from the set in Clayton County and Atlanta, during the time of the American Civil War. It showcases the problems of Scarlett O’Hara, the daughter of an owner of a plantation, who uses every means to get out of poverty.
  • 1943- Operation cartwheel
    General MacArthur began Operation Cartwheel. Operation Cartwheel was a major military operation for the Allies in the Pacific theatre of World War II. Cartwheel was an operation aimed at neutralizing the major Japanese base at Rabaul. 
  • 1967- 1st Black astronaut
    Robert Henry Lawrence was a United States Air Force officer and the first black astronaut. In June 1967, Lawrence successfully completed the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School at Edwards AFB, California. The same month, he was selected by the USAF as an astronaut in the Air Force’s Manned Orbital Laboratory program, thus becoming the country’s first black astronaut.
  • 2005- Spain legalized same-sex marriage
    Same-sex marriages were made legal in Spain in June 2005 – a civil marriage in Spain allowed homosexual couples the same legal and adoption and inheritance rights as heterosexual couples.
Credits: AP Archieve

2016- The Ikea Museum opened
The IKEA Museum is a museum located in Älmhult, Sweden, that opened to the public on June 30, 2016. It presents the history of the Swedish furnishing company IKEA.

Famous Birthdays on June 30

  • 1917- Susan Hayward
    An American actress was born in Brooklyn, New York on June 30, 1917. 
  • 1966- Mike Tyson
    An American boxer, famous for being the youngest ever heavyweight champion 1986-90, at 20 years, 4 months, 22 days, was born in Brooklyn, New York on June 30, 1966.

1969- Sanath Jayasuriya
Sri Lankan cricket opening batsman was born in Matara, Sri Lanka.

1985- Michael Phelps
An American swimmer with a record of 23 Olympic gold medals was born in Baltimore, Maryland on June 30, 1985. 

Hope you are now familiar with the events of historical significance that took place on this day in history – June 30. For more such informative content, stay connected to Leverage Edu! For the latest updates around study blogs, you can follow us on Instagram, Twitter, Facebook and also subscribe to our newsletter.

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