Social science subject holds a prominent role in Class 8 syllabi. In the NCERT syllabus, the Chapter 4 of Class 8 Understanding Laws is a very important topic for students preparing for their school exams or competitive exams as well. This chapter elaborates knowledge from arbitrary laws to laws made by the Indian constitution. Let’s get a clear picture of the chapter of Class 8 Understanding Laws and the important notes and information that you must prepare for your exams.
This Blog Includes:
Important Definitions in Class 8 Understanding Laws
- Colonialism: It is a practice or policy of control by one people or power over other people or areas, often by establishing and generally with the aim of economic dominance.
- Sedition Act 1850: The government is allowed to detain any person who is witnessed protesting against the British government without giving them a fair trial.
- Domestic violence: It generally refers to the injury or harm or threat of injury or harm caused by an adult male, usually the husband, against his wife. Injury may be caused by physically beating up the woman or by emotionally abusing her.
Class 8 Understanding Laws: Do Laws Apply to All?
Rule of laws was certainly introduced in the colonial period under the British Government in India. Those laws were arbitrary and hence cannot be exercised in Independent India. So, all the citizens are equal before the law.
- The laws cannot discriminate on the basis of a person’s religion, gender, caste, or color.
- Any criminal act or violation of law is punishable as well as through which the guild of the individual has to be established.
- All laws are applicable to everyone and no one is above the law.
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How is the Rule of Law Established in India?
As discussed above, British colonialist introduced laws which were arbitrary and that is the reason they were disputed by the historians on this basis:
- Colonial laws were arbitrary.
- Indian nationalists were prominent in the development of the legal sphere in British India.
- Nationalists had an idea to change the set of rules they were forced to follow by considering ideas of justice.
- By the end of the 19th century, legal professionals and Indian judges started playing a greater role in making the changes.
- After Independence, the constitution was successful in forming a new set of rules, and accordingly, sons, daughters, and their mothers can get an equal share of family property. Similarly, new laws have been enacted to control pollution and provide employment.
How Do New Laws Come About?
The Parliament has an important role in making laws. Different society groups also played their role that raises their need for a particular law. An important role of Parliament is to be sensitive to the problems faced by people. The issue of domestic violence was brought to the attention of the Parliament and the process adopted for this issue to become law. Domestic Violence act 2005 was also implemented by the constitution for the protection of women from being abused and injured by males.
Unpopular and Controversial Laws
- The laws passed by the constitution sometimes turn out to be unaccepted by the general public because they feel that the intention behind it is unfair and harmful.
- People tend to criticize laws, hold public meetings, write about them in the newspaper, report to TV news channels, etc.
- Sometimes the laws are valid and legal and still a large number of people begin to find it wrong, then the pressure gets created on Parliament to change.
- Individuals who find laws to be unfair can reach out to the court.
- If the law favors one group and disregards the other, it will be controversial and lead to conflict.
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FAQs on Class 8 Understanding Laws
The Rule of law falls under Article 14 of the Indian constitution which guarantees equality before the law.
For instance, two people are involved in a case of murder. One of them is of a poor caste and the other is from a rich family. The poor are detained by the police whereas the rich person is abandoned by the police as he was the son of some powerful person of the country. In order to retain his job, this shows the violation of the law.
Two reasons were:
Colonial rule was arbitrary.
Indian nationalists played a prominent role in the development of the legal sphere in British India.
Women raise the issues of domestic violence to different forums.
Drafting of the Domestic Violence Bill by the judges, lawyers, and law students.
Several women’s organizations made submissions of the draft to the Parliamentary Standing
It means any person protesting or criticizing the British government could be arrested without due trial. Thus, the Indians felt the need to bring in changes to the law which were derogatory and forced upon them. Therefore, they fought for greater equality and wanted to change the idea of law from a set of rules that they were forced to obey, the law as including ideas of justice.
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