Class 8 Understanding Laws

5 minute read
Class 8 Understanding Laws

Social science subject holds a prominent role in the Class 8 syllabus. In the NCERT syllabus, Chapter 4 of Class 8 Understanding Laws is a very important topic for students preparing for their school exams or competitive exams as well. This chapter elaborates on knowledge from arbitrary laws to laws made by the Indian constitution. Let’s get a clear picture of the chapter of Class 8 Understanding Laws and the important notes and information that you must prepare for your exams.

Check out the Full Chapter Here.

Indian Law

Indian law refers to the Republic of India’s legal system, which includes a wide range of statutes, regulations, and court precedents. Indian law covers several parts of society, including civil, criminal, constitutional, and commercial affairs, and is based on a combination of English common law, Hindu traditions, and legislative enactments. The Indian Constitution is the top legal constitution, detailing citizens’ fundamental rights and duties. The legal system of India attempts to promote justice, equality, and the rule of law, with a complex hierarchy of courts and a strong legal profession contributing to its operation and progress.

Important Definitions in Class 8 Understanding Laws

  • Colonialism: It is a practice or policy of control by one people or power over other people or areas, often by establishing and generally with the aim of economic dominance.
  • Sedition Act 1850: The government is allowed to detain any person who is witnessed protesting against the British government without giving them a fair trial. 
  • Domestic violence: It generally refers to the injury or harm or threat of injury or harm caused by an adult male, usually the husband, against his wife. Injury may be caused by physically beating up the woman or by emotionally abusing her. 

Class 8 Understanding Laws: Do Laws Apply to All? 

Rule of law was certainly introduced in the colonial period under the British Government in India. Those laws were arbitrary and hence cannot be exercised in Independent India. So, all the citizens are equal before the law.

  • The laws cannot discriminate on the basis of a person’s religion, gender, caste, or colour. 
  • Any criminal act or violation of law is punishable as well as through which the guild of the individual has to be established. 
  • All laws are applicable to everyone and no one is above the law.

Also Check Notes On:

How is the Rule of Law Established in India? 

As discussed above, British colonialists introduced laws which were arbitrary and that is the reason they were disputed by historians on this basis: 

  • Colonial laws were arbitrary.
  • Indian nationalists were prominent in the development of the legal sphere in British India. 
  • Nationalists had an idea to change the set of rules they were forced to follow by considering ideas of justice. 
  • By the end of the 19th century, legal professionals and Indian judges started playing a greater role in making the changes. 
  • After Independence, the constitution was successful in forming a new set of rules, and accordingly, sons, daughters, and their mothers can get an equal share of family property. Similarly, new laws have been enacted to control pollution and provide employment.
Credits – Legal Bonanza 

How Do New Laws Come About?

The Parliament has an important role in making laws. Different society groups also played their role that raises their need for a particular law. An important role of Parliament is to be sensitive to the problems faced by people. The issue of domestic violence was brought to the attention of the Parliament and the process adopted for this issue to become law. Domestic Violence act 2005 was also implemented by the constitution for the protection of women from being abused and injured by males. 

Unpopular and Controversial Laws 

  • The laws passed by the constitution sometimes turn out to be unaccepted by the general public because they feel that the intention behind them is unfair and harmful.
  • People tend to criticize laws, hold public meetings, write about them in the newspaper, report to TV news channels, etc.
  • Sometimes the laws are valid and legal and still a large number of people begin to find it wrong, then the pressure gets created on Parliament to change. 
  • Individuals who find laws to be unfair can reach out to the court. 
  • If the law favours one group and disregards the other, it will be controversial and lead to conflict. 

Check Class 8 Science Notes

FAQs on Class 8 Understanding Laws

1. Write in your own words what you understand by the term the ‘rule of law’. In your response include a fictitious or real example of a violation of the rule of law.

The Rule of law falls under Article 14 of the Indian constitution which guarantees equality before the law. 
For instance, two people are involved in a case of murder. One of them is of a poor caste and the other is from a rich family. The poor are detained by the police whereas the rich person is abandoned by the police as he was the son of some powerful person of the country. In order to retain his job, this shows a violation of the law. 

2. State two reasons why historians refute the claim that the British introduced the rule of law in India.

Two reasons were: 
Colonial rule was arbitrary. 
Indian nationalists played a prominent role in the development of the legal sphere in British India.

3. Re-read the storyboard on how a new law on domestic violence got passed. Describe in your own words the different ways in which women’s groups worked to make this happen. 

Women raise the issues of domestic violence in different forums. 
Drafting of the Domestic Violence Bill by the judges, lawyers, and law students.
Several women’s organizations made submissions of the draft to the Parliamentary Standing 

4. Write in your own words what you understand by the following sentence on pages 44-45: They also began fighting for greater equality and wanted to change the idea of law from a set of rules that they were forced to obey, to the law as including ideas of justice.

It means any person protesting or criticizing the British government could be arrested without due trial. Thus, the Indians felt the need to bring in changes to the law which were derogatory and forced upon them. Therefore, they fought for greater equality and wanted to change the idea of law from a set of rules that they were forced to obey, to the law including ideas of justice.

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