For centuries, the issue of what constitutes history has ignited international debate among historians, authors, and readers. History is an important subject that should be central in our lives and it is vital to remember past events in our society that have had a significant impact on the present. In this blog, we’ll take a look at all the major historical events that happened on April 22.
“History, despite its wrenching pain, cannot be unlived, but if faced with courage, need not be lived again.“
What Happened in India on April 22?
- 1930: Pro-independence rebels
In the Jalalabad hills near Chittagong, Bengal province of British India, the British troops fought pro-independence rebels, killing 80 troops and 12 revolutionaries.
- 2011: Madhava Gudi
On April 22, 2011, Madhava Gudi, a legendary Hindustani classical vocalist who specialised in Khayal, passed away.
Events That Occurred on April 22 Around the World
- 1500: Portuguese Discovered Brazil
Pedro Álvares Cabral was the first European to discover Brazil on April 22, 1500, landing near Monte Pascoal and claiming it for Portugal.
- 1692: Edward Bishop jailed
In Salem, Massachusetts, Edward Bishop was imprisoned for suggesting flogging as a remedy for witchcraft.
- 1809: Victory
On April 22, 1809, Napoleon defeated Austrian Archduke Charles at the Battle of Eckmuhl.
- 1876: National League baseball game
At the Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia, the Boston Red Stockings beat the Philadelphia Athletics, 6-5, in the first official National League baseball game.
- 1889: 1.9 million-acre tract of Indian Territory
At 12 p.m. on April 22, 1889, a 1.9 million-acre tract of Indian Territory in Oklahoma was formally opened for white colonial settlement.
- 1915: 1st official military use of poison gas
Germany was the first country to use the poison gas chlorine in combat during World War I.
- 1926: Security treaty
Persia, Turkey, and Afghanistan signed the security treaties.
- 1934: John Dillinger Gang
Under the direction of Melvin Purvis, the US Division of Investigation (later the FBI) botched an attempt to apprehend the John Dillinger Gang at Little Bohemia Lodge in Manitowish Waters, Wisconsin, killing two people and injuring four others.
- 1944: On April 22, 1944, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini met in Salzburg, Austria.
- 1945: Battle of Berlin
When Adolf Hitler learned that a planned counter-attack was never carried out, he flew into a rage, condemned the German Army, and admitted that World War II had been lost.
- 1945: SS chief Heinrich Himmler met Count Folke Bernadotte
Heinrich Himmler, the SS general, met with Count Folke Bernadotte of Sweden in secret, requesting that he served as an intermediary for a surrender offer to the Western Allies.
- 1954: The USSR joined UNESCO
- 1969: Human eye transplant
The first human eye transplant was performed on April 22, 1969.
- 1970: Earth Day
The first Earth Day, created by Gaylord Nelson, was observed.
- 1991: 486SX chip
Intel introduced the 486SX processor.
- 1991: Johnny Carson announced retirement
Johnny Carson has revealed that he will leave “The Tonight Show” next year.
- 1998: Disney’s Animal Kingdom
Disney’s Animal Kingdom, a theme park located near Orlando, Florida, in the United States, was opened on April 22, 1998.
- 2006: Protests against King Gyanendra
After Nepali security forces opened fire on protesters against King Gyanendra, 243 people were injured in a pro-democracy rally in Nepal on April 22, 2006.
- 2016: Paris Agreement
In New York, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change was signed, committing 195 countries to keep global average temperatures below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to seek measures to keep it below 1.5°C.
- 2019: Avengers Endgame- Premiers
In Los Angeles, the Marvel film “Avengers: Endgame,” directed by Anthony and Joe Russo and starring Robert Downey Jr., Chris Evans, and other supporting casts, premiered.
April 22 Birthdays
- 1870: Vladimir Lenin
Lenin, or Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, was a Russian nationalist, politician, and political theorist. From 1917 to 1924, he was the first and only head of government of Soviet Russia, and from 1922 to 1924, he was the first and only head of government of the Soviet Union.
- 1901: Bhabesh Chandra Sanyal
Bhabesh Chandra Sanyal, also known as BC Sanyal, is a Padma Bhushan awardee who is still regarded as a pioneer in Indian art.
- 1904: J. Robert Oppenheimer
On April 22, 1904, J. Robert Oppenheimer, an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley, was born in New York.
- 1914: Baldev Raj Chopra
BR Chopra was an Indian film and television producer who worked in Bollywood.
- 1982: Kaká
Ricardo Izecson dos Santos Leite, better known by his nickname Kaká or Ricardo Kaká, is a retired Brazilian footballer who played as an attacking midfielder.
- 1986: Amber Heard
Amber Laura Heard is a well-known American actress who has appeared in many films and television shows.