TOEFL Daily Academic Discussion Topic- Your professor is teaching a class on political science.

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TOEFL Daily Academic Discussion Topic- Your professor is teaching a class on political science.

Brainstorming Ideas

Refer to the following brainstorming ideas to get a solid understanding of the answer.


Ways city government can improve the quality of life of its citizens:

  • Infrastructure development 
  • Environmental sustainability

Why these developments are important:

  • Infrastructure development is important as it impacts the day-to-day life of the residents.
  • Environmental sustainability ensures the long-term well-being of residents.

Q. Your professor is teaching a class on political science. Write a post responding to the professor’s question.

In your response, you should do the following:

  • Express and support your personal opinion
  • Make a contribution to the discussion in your own words

An effective response will contain at least 100 words.

“As you know, city governments have a responsibility to improve the lives of residents. In today’s class, we’re going to discuss the best way for them to do that. What strategy do you think governments should use to improve the overall quality of life of residents? Why do you think it’s important?”

Maria: I think investing in infrastructure should be the main priority for every local government. This could include things like repairing roads and bridges, expanding public transportation, and improving access to clean water and sanitation. When cities have good infrastructure it’s easier for residents to get around, and new businesses are attracted to the area. They also experience fewer serious accidents.

Tom: While I agree that infrastructure is important, I think that social programs should also be a major focus. The government could invest in things like education, affordable housing, and healthcare, which can help address issues like poverty, inequality, and access to basic needs. By providing these types of services, the government can help improve people’s well-being.  These are things that everyone benefits from… unlike a road which is only used by people who drive cars.

Ans. From my perspective, city governments can significantly improve the quality of life of their citizen by focusing on two points: infrastructure development and environmental sustainability. Infrastructure development plays a crucial role as it impacts the day-to-day life of the residents. It includes things like improving public transportation, ensuring reliable utilities such as water and electricity and maintaining public spaces like parks and libraries. For instance, a well-connected public transportation system helps in reducing traffic congestion.

Environmental sustainability, on the other hand, ensures the long-term well-being of residents. This can be achieved by promoting recycling, implementing strict pollution control measures and encouraging the use of renewable energy resources. For example, a city that prioritizes recycling not only reduces waste but also conserves natural resources. In conclusion, these strategies are important because they not only enhance the immediate living conditions of residents but also contribute to the sustainability of the city for future generations.

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