IELTS Daily Speaking Topic – Speaking Part 3: Culture (Follow-up Question)

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IELTS Daily Speaking Topic - Speaking Part 3: Culture (Follow-up Question)

Discussion Topics

  1. Cultural Differences
  2. Cultural Change
  3. Cultural Preservation

Follow-up questions

1. Cultural Differences

Q 1. How does your culture differ from Western cultures?

Ans. Indian culture is very different from Western culture. For example, in India, there is a tradition of having joint families, and even after marriage, parents often live with the married couple under the same roof. In contrast, Western culture tends to prioritize nuclear families, with parents living separately from their adult children. Additionally, the celebrations of festivals differ significantly. In India, festivals such as Diwali and Holi involve the entire community, marked by enthusiastic celebrations filled with traditional music, food, and dance. This contrasts with Western celebrations like Christmas or Easter, which are observed in a different manner. 


Q 2. How does your culture differ from Western cultures?

Ans. The main cultural difference I have noticed is in the social interactions and lifestyle. For instance, in Western cultures, people put a lot of emphasis on punctuality, but in India, we have something that is famously called “Indian Standard Time” which means that events often start a bit later than the scheduled time. In other cultures, if people arrive late, it is considered rude, but in India, it is pretty casual and people are a bit more relaxed in that sense. Also, Indian people are known to have great bargaining skills, which is something that is not common in the West. For example, in Delhi’s Sarojini Nagar, bargaining is a part of the shopping experience. But in Western countries, prices are usually fixed, especially in large stores and supermarkets. 

2. Cultural Change

Q.1 How has your culture changed over the years?

Ans.  Indian culture has undergone several changes over the years. For instance, arranged marriages were once the norm, but now there is a growing openness towards love marriages. In the past, it was common for the bride and groom to meet directly on their wedding day; however, contemporary young Indians often choose their life partners based on love and understanding. Similarly, traditional clothing like sarees and kurta pyjamas has seen a shift in urban areas, where Western attire such as jeans and coat pants has become more prevalent. Despite this, traditional attire continues to hold significance, particularly during various festivals and special occasions. For example, during the festival of Diwali, many Indians, even in cities, choose to wear traditional attire.

Q.2. What factors have contributed to these changes?

Ans. Well, things have changed in India, especially when it comes to marriages and what we wear. More young folks are leaning towards love marriages because they want a say in their life partners. Thanks to the internet and global influences, we’ve become more connected, challenging those old arranged marriage norms.

And speaking of change, in cities, people are swapping traditional clothes for Western styles like jeans. I guess it’s about keeping up with the fast pace of city life and maybe wanting something a bit more comfy. Overall, it’s all about comfort and the internet shaking things up – from choosing partners for love to ditching traditional clothes.

3. Cultural Preservation

Q.1. How important is it to preserve one’s culture?

Ans. Preservation of one’s culture is similar to preserving one’s identity. It is similar to saying that a tree is staying connected with its roots while it is still in its growing stage. In India, we have diverse languages, art forms, cuisines and traditions that have been passed down through various generations. These are not just practices but are the representation of our history, wisdom and way of living. For example, yoga has now become an integral part of every Indian culture but is now recognised worldwide because of its health benefits. Hence, the preservation of culture is integral—it’s not just about keeping traditions alive but safeguarding the very essence of our identity and heritage.

Q.2 What steps can be taken to preserve cultural heritage?

Ans. Preserving India’s cultural heritage feels like safeguarding a treasure trove of traditions that define who we are. First things first, I believe it’s crucial to share our cultural values with the younger generation, passing down the essence that makes our heritage unique. Reintroducing languages like Sanskrit in schools is something I’d totally support; it adds a layer of depth to our cultural education. Beyond the surface-level celebrations, understanding the cultural significance behind festivals is key. We should help children understand why we celebrate festivals. For instance, teaching them the cultural significance of Diwali, beyond the fireworks and sweets, can instil a deeper appreciation for the festival’s traditions and values. Besides, museums and cultural places are like cool knowledge hubs that help keep our heritage safe.

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