National Mathematics Day: History, Theme, Significance

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National Mathematics Day

National Mathematics Day is celebrated every year on 22 December. This prominent day marks the birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan, the legendary Indian mathematician. Moreover, it aims to spread awareness about the importance and different branches of mathematics and its contributions to our lives. This day is dedicated to acknowledge the key contributions made by Ramanujan in this field. Although he spent his early childhood in poverty and amidst great difficulties and lacked proper education, he left behind over 4000 original theorems, hundreds of solved mathematics questions, and so much more. 

Name of the dayNational Mathematics Day
Observed on22 December 
Aim To honor and commemorate legendary mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan on his birth anniversary. 

History of the National Mathematics Day 2023

Here is a gist of the history of National Mathematics Day: 

  • Ramanujan was born in the Tamil Nadu state of India in 1887. He belonged to an Iyengar Brahmin family. 
  • He was widely acknowledged as a gifted mathematician as he solved some of the toughest equations during his lifetime. 
  • In 1911, he published the first of his many prestigious papers in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society. 
  • In the year 1918, Ramanujan was invited to become a respected member of the London Mathematical Society in Britain. Interestingly, he was the youngest among them. 
  • His works were recognized even by the esteemed mathematicians of Britain such as G. H. Hardy. 
  • In 2012, India’s former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh announced 22 December as the National Mathematics Day to pay tribute to the legendary mathematician. 

Also Read: Essay on Srinivasa Ramanujan

What is the Theme of National Mathematics Day 2023?

There is no such official theme of National Mathematics Day. The day was simply designated by the Government of India in 2012. Since then, it has been celebrated throughout the country without the declaration of any such official themes by the government. 

Also Read: International Day of Mathematics 2023

Significance of National Mathematics Day

The primary aim of celebrating National Mathematics Day in India is to pay tribute to the unwavering dedication and contribution of Ramanujan in the world of mathematics. From continued fractions and number analysis to infinite series and finding a formula for infinite series for pi, Ramanujan made significant contributions. 

The day is celebrated with great enthusiasm all over India. Numerous mathematics-related competitions are held in schools and colleges to encourage children to fall in love with the subject. Moreover, science academies such as NASI or the National Academy of Science India conduct fun workshops about mathematics. 

Source: Ministry of Information and Broadcasting

5 National Mathematics Day Quotes 

Whether you are a mathematics enthusiast or looking for something inspirational to add on to your mathematics poster, here are a few helpful quotes. 

Quotes Said by
Education is not just about going to school and getting a degree. It’s about widening your knowledge and absorbing the truth about life.Shakuntala Devi
Mathematics is a game played according to certain simple rules with meaningless marks on paper.David Hilbert
Pure mathematics is, in its way, the poetry of logical ideas.Albert Einstein
If there is a 50-50 chance that something can go wrong, then 9 times out of ten it will.Paul Harvey
Mathematics is not about numbers, equations, computations, or algorithms: it is about understanding.William Paul Thurston

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Why National Mathematics Day is celebrated?

In India, the National Mathematics Day is celebrated with high spirits to commemorate a legendary skilled mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan. Students across India pay tribute to his efforts and countless additions made to the field of mathematics. 

When is the national mathematics day?

The National Mathematics Day is celebrated on 22 December every year. 

Why is 1729 called Ramanujan’s number?

Have you ever wondered why 1729 is called the Ramanujan number? Well, there is a very interesting story behind it. When Ramanujan heard that Hardy had come in a taxi, he asked its number. Hardy replied saying that it was 1729, a normal and boring number. This is when Ramanujan interrupted saying that it is the smallest number that can be expressed using a sum of two cubes in two different ways. This is why it is also called the Hardy-Ramanujan number. This story is very famous among mathematicians. 1729 is sometimes called the “Hardy-Ramanujan number”.

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