🙏Guru Amar Das Ji: Third Sikh Guru, His Life & Teachings

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guru amar das ji

Guru Amar Das Ji, the third Sikh Guru and appointed as the successor of Guru Angad Dev Ji. He was born on 5 May 1479 in Basarke village now referred to as Amritsar. He is an important innovator as he introduced the Manji system. He is known to have served the Sikh community for almost 22 years till his last breath. His teachings and life lessons are still inspiring the Sikh community. He became the third Sikh Guru at the age of 73 on 26 March 1552. Stay tuned and continue reading this article to learn about the contributions, life, and teaching of the third Sikh Guru, Guru Amar Das Ji!

Name of the GuruGuru Amar Das Ji
Date of Birth5 May 1479
Death Date1 September 1575
Duration of his Service to the Sikh Community1552-1574
Famous WorkManji System and Adi Granth

Also Read: Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Life of the Third Sikh Guru

The third Sikh Guru was born on 5 May 1479 in Basarke village, now known as Amritsar, India. His mother’s name was Daya Kaur and his father’s name was Tej Bhan 

Source: StudyIQ IAS

He devoted his entire life to the sake of Sikhism. He believed in promoting equality amongst all and continued following the principle of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. He advocated against social injustice and social discrimination and worked for social justice.

In 1552, Guru Amar Das became the successor of Angad Dev Ji, the second Sikh Guru. He became the Guru at the age of 73 and continued working for Sikhism for almost 22 years. 

Being a Guru, he sensed his end and on 1 September 1574, he sent his two sons and Baba Buddha and declared that “According to the tradition established by Guru Nanak, the leadership of the Sikhs must go to the most deserving. I, therefore, bestow this honour on my son-in-law Jetha.”

He renamed Jetha as Guru Ram Das which means Servant of God and died peacefully in Goindwal Sahib.

Also Read: Life Lessons from Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Teachings of Guru Amar Das Ji

Guru Amar Das Ji
Source: Sikh Sewak-WordPress

He created Guru ka Langar and started a free kitchen for all without any social discrimination.

He taught that all are equal and followed the principles of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Amar Das Ji also demolished some social evils like widow re-marriage and advocated strongly for women’s rights. He also fought against the system of Sati and Parda System.

He also wrote many hymns some of which are Anand Sahib, Patti Var, Asa di Var, Slok Mahla 3. Anand Sahib is included in the Guru Granth Sahib.

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What is Guru Amar Das Famous for?

Guru Amar Das Ji (1479-1574) served the Sikh community from 1522 to 1574. He was known to encourage missionary work and advocated for social justice. He compiled his work together with the teachings and hymns of previous Sikh Gurus in the Adi Granth to preserve and pass on the teachings. 

What did Guru Amar Das do for Sikhism?

He is known as an innovator in the teaching of Guru as he compiled the teachings for Guru Nanak Dev Ji and Guru Angad Dev Ji in Adi Granth. He organized the religious organization Manji system. The institution served as a source of strengthening the Sikh community. He is known to support and advocate equality and social justice. 

What happened to Guru Amar Das?

He died in 1574 at the age of 95. His son-in-law Guru Ram Das was named his successor and became the fourth Sikh Guru after him.

Which bani was written by Guru Amar Das Ji?

Guru Amar Das Ji wrote many hymns and he is known for the bani of Anand Sahib. It has 40 stanzas and is included in Guru Granth Sahib Ji which is a holy scripture of Sikh. 

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