Speech on Constitution of India for Students in English

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Speech on Constitution of India

Speech on Constitution: The Constitution of India was formed under the chairmanship of Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar on August 29, 1947. The final constitution was drafted with 395 articles, 8 schedules, and 22 parts and came into force after 2 years, 11 months, and 18 days on January 26, 1950. It is believed that it took an expenditure of ₹6.4 million to complete the Constitution of India.

It is interesting to note that the Indian Constitution draws inspiration from different countries. Among them, some of the important influences include the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, and Ireland.

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Hello everyone! Greetings to all. Today we are all here to reflect on our views on the speech on the Constitution of India.

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It comprises a preamble and 470 articles and defines the important political principles of India. It also helps to establish the structure of the government and outlines the powers and duties of different entities within the system. Apart from the above important compositions, the Constitution of India also serves as the fundamental framework for the governance of the country and includes the schedules and amendments that reflect India´s diverse socio-cultural.

Now, shifting our focus to the opening statement of our Constitution, which is called the Preamble, it is essential to acknowledge that it begins with the powerful group of words ¨We, the people of India, and lays the foundation of fundamentals and principles that helps in shaping India´s democracy.¨

The Preamble of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, and came into force on January 26, 1950. It reflects the outlines of aspirations in the Constitution of the United States of America and shares the values of justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity. These shared values not only form the foundations of both countries but also help in building stable and strong democratic institutions.

The journey of constitutional governance began with a Constituent Assembly in India. Under the leadership of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and a group of famous leaders, it took almost three years to shape our constitution. Furthermore, to include the innovative principles of democratic government, separation of powers of representatives, and importantly, protecting the rights of the individual, the leaders of the group looked to the United States for inspiration.

The United States-inspired idea of Federalism distributes power between the federal and the state governments, Indians looked to British customs for consistency and longevity in its provisions. Moreover, adopting the ideas of the Directive Principles of State Policy from the Irish Constitution and the judiciary idea to review the laws of the constitution from the U.S. legal system altogether laid the foundation of an innovative and strong democratic constitution.

Furthermore, an outline of Articles 52 to 62 defines the role of the President in the United States Constitution. Drawing inspiration from the role of the ceremonial head, the Indian Parliament details this in Articles 79 to 122, which include the two houses, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, along with a representative of the President of India.

Talking about the judiciary system mentioned in Articles 124 to 147 ensures the establishment and functioning of the Supreme Court of India. The role of the President, and the process of appointment, resemble the U.S. nomination process for federal judges, which is subject to Senate approval. Moreover, the provision to remove the judges through impeachment in India also reflects the inspiration of U.S. impeachment.

The combination of constitutional elements taken from several legal systems and the thoughtful modification of the sections contributes to the strength and uniqueness of the constitution of India.   

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10 Lines on Speech on Constitution

Let us understand the Speech on the Constitution in short and simple points:

1. The Constitution plays an important role in guiding the country through its written fundamentals and principles.

2. It is a collection of laws that tell us about our rights and responsibilities.

3. The Constitution ensures that the citizens of a country should be treated equally.

4. The Constitution explains how to choose our leaders and what processes can be used to remove them.

5. In India, the Constitution is the supreme law that the leaders follow.

6. The Constitution of India is inspired by many countries, like Ireland, the UK, and the USA.

7. The Indian Constitution gives an idea of how the government should work.

8. The Constitution of India protects not only the rights of the citizens but also makes them aware of their duties.

9. The Constitution of India defines the process of election of the President, Prime Minister, and other representatives.

10. We should be proud of our Constitution, as it helps make the country strong and united.


Q.1. What is the Constitution in simple words?

Ans: A Constitution is a rulebook for a country. It guides the people about the principles, provisions, rights, and responsibilities of citizens.

Q.2. Who is the father of the Constitution?

Ans: Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is the father of the Constitution. 

Q.3. Who wrote Article 370?

Ans: N Gopalaswami Ayyangar wrote Article 370. It aims to protect the special rights of Jammu and Kashmir.

Q.4. Short paragraph on the Constitution.

Ans: The Constitution plays an important role in guiding the country by the written fundamentals and principles. It is a collection of laws that tells us about our rights and responsibilities. The Constitution ensures that the citizens of a country should be treated equally. It also explains how to choose our leaders and what process can remove them.

Q.5. Which country has no Constitution?

Ans: Israel, Canada, Saudi Arabia, and New Zealand are the countries that have no written constitution. 

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