2-Minute Speech on Article 370 for Students

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Speech on Article 370

Speech on Article 370: Did you know people of the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir had dual citizenship: citizenship of Jammu and Kashmir and India? In August 2019, the Indian Government issued a Presidential order to remove Article 370 from the Indian State of Jammu & Kashmir, after which the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019 was passed by the Parliament. This act converted the entire state into two different Union Territories: Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. This order was passed by a two-thirds majority vote in both the houses of the Indian Parliament: Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. 

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This act revoked the special status of the Indian State of Jammu & Kashmir, which had the special status under Article 370. There were nationwide debates on this decision, where people were challenging the government’s decision. The Government, on the other hand, proclaimed that it was necessary to maintain peace in the valley and for the complete inclusion of the entire region. For students, we have given a 2-minute speech on Article 370.

Also Read: Government of India Act 1935: Key Features, Significance and More!

Speech on Article 370

‘Good morning, my teacher (s) and dear friend. Today, I stand before you to present my speech on Article 370. Our Constitution gave a special status to the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370. This status was given because this area has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan on one side and India and China on the other.

In 1948, right after Independence, there was a territorial dispute between India and Pakistan, where the latter claimed Kashmir as its integral part. After this, on 17th October 1949, the Indian Government passed the Article 370 Act. Jammu and Kashmir’s accession happened on three matters: Defence, foreign affairs, and communications.

‘However, Kashmir became the frontline warzone, because of which there has been a series of wars between India and Pakistan – 1947, 1965, and 1971 and a war-like situation erupted in 1998 as well (Kargil war).’

‘To give a new life to the people of Jammu and Kashmir and make it a terror-free region, the Indian Government removed Article 370. In India, we have a federal structure, with three different lists; Union, State, and Concurrent Lists. In the case of Jammu and Kashmir, only the State List was applicable, and subjects under the Union and Concurrent lists were limited. It means the residual powers were not in the hands of the Union but in the hands of the State.’

When Article 370 was implemented, only two articles of the Indian Constitution applied in full to Jammu and Kashmir. Now, with the removal of Article 370, this entire region is directly governed by the central government, which has appointed a Lieutenant Governor in both regions.’

‘We are the largest democracy in the world, and it is our constitutional right to question the government’s decision. However, Article 370 is a sensitive topic and the government knows what’s best for the country and its people. Therefore, we must understand why the government removed Article 370.

Thank you.’

Also Read: Important Amendment of the Indian Constitution

What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Article 370?

Like any other law, Article 370 also has two different sides: advantages and disadvantages. Below we discussed some of the popular advantages and disadvantages of Article 370.

Advantages of Article 370

  • Article 370 was implemented for the complete inclusion of J&K in India.
  • It prompts the slogan ‘One Nation, One Constitution.’
  • Private investors can invest and take land on lease, which will contribute to the region’s economy and create employment opportunities.
  • J&K will be part of India, just like any other state or union territory.

Disadvantages of Article 370

  • A person living outside J&K is not allowed to buy land in the valley. 
  • State Legislative elections in the region were conducted every 6 years. 
  • Rules of the Central Government and the Supreme Court of India were not applied to the State.
  • The Right to Information (RTI) Act was not applied in J&K.
  • Because of this Article, the authority of the Indian Government and defense was limited.
  • Terrorist activities have always been one of the major problems in the state.
  • Non-Kashmiris were not allowed to buy land in the region.

Also Read: Consumer Rights in India

Also Read: Civil Disobedience Movement

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Q.1. What was Article 370?

Ans: Article 370 gave the special status to the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir. This article allowed J&K to have its own Constitution, its own Government and various other special status. The decisions of the Indian Government and the Supreme Court of India were not applied in the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

Q.2. What is a short speech on article 370?

Ans: Article 370 was applied to the State of Jammu and Kashmir in 1949 to give special status to the region. This status was given to eliminate the terrorist activities in the region and give an identity to the Kashmiri people. However, the corrupt government and Pakistan’s influence gave birth to terrorist activities, where not only Indian soldiers but innocent Kashmiri pandits were also killed. In August 2019, the Indian Government removed Article 370 to bring peace to the region and to treat it like any other state of India. 

Q.3. Why did the government of India remove the article 370?

Ans: Article 370 was removed to fully integrate Kashmir into Indian territory, as any other state. Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated that the Indian government is fully prepared to challenge every situation in the valley and make it part of the Indian Union.

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