NCERT Class 7 History: Chapter 7 The Making of Regional Cultures (Free PDF)

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Chapter 7 Class 7 History

Summary: NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 7

NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 7 “The Making of Regional Cultures,” talks about the significant cultural developments across India. It starts with the Cheras, focusing on the birth of Malayalam, which is crucial for understanding South Indian heritage. The chapter then explores the Jagannatha Cult, a prominent tradition in Odisha, shedding light on its religious and cultural aspects. The Rajputs take the stage, exemplifying heroic traditions in their way of life. This section highlights their valor and cultural practices. Kathak, a classical dance form, is discussed, providing insights into its origin and evolution. The chapter also touches on Miniature painting, offering a glimpse into this intricate art form that flourished in various regions. The chapter also talks about Bengal, where a regional language thrived alongside the growth of temple culture. This section emphasizes how language and spirituality intertwine to shape Bengal’s unique cultural identity. 

Also Read: Kathak Dance Is From Which State?

Download Social Science Class 7 History Chapter 7 Important Questions and Answers PDF

Explore More:

NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 1 “Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years”
NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 2 “Kings and Kingdoms”
NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 3 “Delhi 12th to 15th Century”
NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 4 “The Mughals (16th to 17th Century)”
NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 5 “Tribes Nomads and Settled Communities”
NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 6 “Devotional Paths to the Divine”
Source: Magnet Brains

Important Questions and Answers in NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 7

1. Match the following.

Anantavarman Kerala
Jagannatha Bengal
Mahodayapuram Orissa
Lilatilakam Kangra
Mangalakavya Puri
Miniature Kerala

Ans:

Anantavarman Orissa
Jagannatha Puri
Mahodayapuram Kerala
Lilatilakam Kerala
Mangalakavya Bengal
Miniature Kangra

2. What is Manipravalam? Name a book written in that language. 

Ans. Manipravalam means “diamonds and corals”, referring to the two languages – Sanskrit and the regional language. A book written in Manipravalam is Lilatilakam, which talks about grammar and poetics.

3. Who were the major patrons of Kathak? 

Ans. The legends of Radha-Krishna were enacted in folk plays called Rasa Lila, which combined folk dance with the basic gestures of the Kathak storytellers. Under the Mughal emperors and their nobles, Kathak was performed in the court, where it acquired its present features and developed into a form of dance with a distinctive style. Later, it developed in two traditions or gharanas: one in the courts of Rajasthan (Jaipur) and the other in Lucknow. Under the patronage of Wajid Ali Shah, the last Nawab of Awadh, it grew into a major art form.

4. What are the important architectural features of the temples of Bengal?

Ans. Bengal witnessed a temple-building spree from the late fifteenth century, which culminated in the nineteenth century. Many of the modest brick and terracotta temples in Bengal were built with the support of several “low” social groups, such as the Kolu (oil pressers) and the Kansari (bell metal workers). The coming of the European trading companies created new economic opportunities; many families belonging to these social groups availed of these. As their social and economic position improved, they proclaimed their status through the construction of temples. When local deities, once worshipped in thatched huts in villages, gained the recognition of the Brahmanas, their images began to be housed in temples. The temples began to copy the double-roofed (dochala) or four-roofed (chauchala) structure of the thatched huts. This led to the evolution of the typical Bengali style in temple architecture. 

5. Why did minstrels proclaim the achievements of heroes? 

Ans: Stories about Rajput heroes were recorded in poems and songs, which were recited by specially trained minstrels. These preserved the memories of heroes and were expected to inspire others to follow their example. Ordinary people were also attracted by these stories – which often depicted dramatic situations, and a range of strong emotions – loyalty, friendship, love, valour, anger, etc.  

6. Why did conquerors try to control the temple of Jagannatha at Puri? 

Ans. Anantavarman, one of the most important rulers of the Ganga dynasty, decided to erect a temple for Purushottama Jagannatha at Puri during the twelfth century. Subsequently, in 1230, King Anangabhima III dedicated his kingdom to the deity and proclaimed himself as the “deputy” of God. As the temple gained importance as a centre of pilgrimage, its authority in social and political matters also increased. The Mughals, the Marathas and the English East India Company conquered Orissa and attempted to gain control over the temple, as they felt that this would make their rule acceptable to the local people.

7. Why were temples built in Bengal? 

Ans. The coming of the European trading companies created new economic opportunities; many families belonging to these social groups availed of these. As their social and economic position improved, they proclaimed their status through the construction of temples. When local deities, once worshipped in thatched huts in villages, gained the recognition of the Brahmanas, their images began to be housed in temples. The temples began to copy the double-roofed (dochala) or four-roofed (chauchala) structure of the thatched huts. This led to the evolution of the typical Bengali style in temple architecture. 

Check out Class 6 History Notes:

NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 1 “What, Where, How and When”?
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 2 “From Hunting Gathering to Growing Food”
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 3 “In the Earliest Cities”
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 4 “WhatBooks and Burials Tell Us”?
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 5 “Kingdoms, Kings and the Early Republic”
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 6 “New Questions and Ideas”

FAQs

Q.1. What is Manipravalam? Name a book written in that language. 

Ans: Manipravalam means “diamonds and corals”, referring to the two languages – Sanskrit and the regional language. A book written in Manipravalam is Lilatilakam, which talks about grammar and poetics.

Q.2. Who were the major patrons of Kathak? 

Ans: Under the patronage of Wajid Ali Shah, the last Nawab of Awadh, it grew into a major art form.

Q.3. Who was Anantavarman?

Ans: Anantavarman was one of the most important rulers of the Ganga dynasty.

Follow Leverage Edu for complete study material on CBSE Notes of Class 7 History  

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