NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 3 Delhi 12th to 15th Century: Notes and Solutions (Free PDF)

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Class 7 History Chapter 3

NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 3 represents the Delhi of the 12th to 15th century. In this time period, the Delhi Sultanate ruled India. To learn about the history of this regime, go through the ‘Summary’ section of the blog. Thereafter, you can browse through important dates in history during the 12th and 13th century Delhi. Also, you have NCERT solutions to questions following the lesson. You can also download PDF of important questions and answers in Class 7 History Chapter 3 Delhi 12th to 15th Century.

Also Read: Post Mauryan Period: Kingdoms, Cultures & Administration

Chapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4
Chapter 5Chapter 6Chapter 7Chapter 8

Summary: NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 3

In the NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 3 Delhi 12th to 15th Century, we explore the history of Delhi from the 12th to the 15th century. We begin by understanding the powerful rulers who shaped Delhi’s destiny. We learn about how the Delhi Sultans came to power and the important role they played in the region’s history. The chapter also tells about the expansion of the Delhi Sultanate, explaining how it grew to encompass a vast territory. We also study the administrative systems implemented by the Khaljis and Tughluqs, which were instrumental in governing this expansive empire. As we move forward, we discover the developments during the 15th and 16th centuries in the Sultanates. This period saw significant changes in the political view of Delhi. 

Source: Mannu Ka Gyan

Important Dates in NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 3

Rajput DynastiesEarly twelfth century –1165
Ananga Pala ChauhansPrithviraj Chauhan 1130–11451165 –11921175–1192
Early Turkish Rulers 1206 –1290
Qutbuddin AybakShamsuddin Iltutmish Raziyya Ghiyasuddin Balban 1206–12101210–12361236–12401266–1287
Khalji Dynasty1290 –1320
Jalaluddin Khalji Alauddin Khalji 1290–12961296–1316
Tughlug Dynasty1320 –1414
Ghiyasuddin Tughluq Muhammad Tughluq Firuz Shah Tughluq 1320–13241324–13511351–1388
Sayyid Dynasty1414 –1451
Khizr Khan1414–1421
Lodi Dynasty1451–1526
Bahlul Lodi 1451–1489

Important Definitions in NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 3

  1. Tarikh: Histories are known as Tarikh (singular)/tawarikh (plural) in the Persian language. 
  2. Birthright: Privileges claimed on account of birth. For example, people believed that nobles inherited their rights to govern because they were born into certain families.
  3. Gender distinctions: Social and biological differences between women and men. Usually, these differences are used to argue that men are superior to women. 
  4. Client: Someone who is under the protection of another; a dependent or hanger-on. 
Chapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4
Chapter 5Chapter 6Chapter 7Chapter 8

Important Questions and Answers in NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 3

1. Which ruler first established his or her capital at Delhi? 

Ans: Ananga Pala (Tomaras) of the Rajput Dynasty first established his capital in Delhi.

2. What was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans? 

Ans: Persian was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans.

3. In whose reign did the Sultanate reach its farthest extent? 

Ans: During the reign of Muhammad Tughluq, the Sultanate reached its farthest extent and spread across a large part of the Indian subcontinent. They defeated the rival armies and conquered several cities. 

4. From which country did Ibn Battuta travel to India?

Ans: Ibn Battuta came from Morocco, Africa to travel to India. 

5. According to the “circle of justice”, why was it important for military commanders to keep the interests of the peasantry in mind? 

Ans: According to the “circle of justice,” it was important for military commanders to consider the interests of the peasantry because the well-being of the peasants was connected to the prosperity of the kingdom. If the peasants were unhappy or faced difficulties, it could lead to unrest and harm the stability of the kingdom.

6. What is meant by the “internal” and “external” frontiers of the Sultanate? 

Ans: The “internal” frontiers of the Sultanate means the joining of the hinterlands of the garrison towns. During these campaigns, forests were cleared in the Ganga-Yamuna doab, and hunter-gatherers and pastoralists were expelled from their habitat; these lands were handed over to the peasants. They also encouraged regional trade through the establishment of New fortresses and garrison towns. The “external” frontiers of the Sultanate meant the military expeditions into southern parts of India, which started during the reign of Alauddin Khalji and ended with the reign of Muhammad Tughluq.

7. What were the steps taken to ensure that muqtis performed their duties? Why do you think they may have wanted to defy the orders of the Sultans?

Ans: The duty of the muqtis was to lead military campaigns and maintain law and order in their iqtas. The following steps were taken to ensure muqtis performed their duties:

  • In exchange for their military services, the muqtis collected the revenues of their assignments as salary. They also paid their soldiers from these revenues. 
  • Control over muqtis was most effective if their office was not inheritable and if they were assigned iqtas for a short period of time before being shifted. 
  • Accountants were appointed by the state to check the amount of revenue collected by the muqtis.
  • Care was taken that the muqti collected only the taxes prescribed by the state and that he kept the required number of soldiers. 
Source: Magnet Brains
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 1 “What, Where, How and When”?
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 2 “From Hunting Gathering to Growing Food”
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 3 “In the Earliest Cities”
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 4 “What Books and Burials Tell Us”?
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 5 “Kingdoms, Kings and Early Republic”
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 6 “New Questions and Ideas”

FAQs

Q.1. Which ruler first established his or her capital at Delhi? 

Ans: Ananga Pala (Tomaras) of the Rajput Dynasty first established his capital in Delhi.

Q.2. What was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans? 

Ans: Persian was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans.

Q.3. From which country did Ibn Battuta travel to India?

Ans: Ibn Battuta came from Morocco, Africa to travel to India. 

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