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What is the Capital City of Gujarat?

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Capital City Of Gujarat

The Capital City of Gujarat is Gandhinagar. Interestingly, most people think that Ahmedabad is the Capital City of Gujarat. However, Ahmedabad is located 23 kilometres south of Ahmedabad and used to be the Capital in the past. Furthermore, Gandhinagar is on the west central point of the industrial area between the metropolitan cities of Delhi and Mumbai. Read this blog to learn more about the Capital City of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, its history, geography, demography, economy and more.

What is the History of Gujarat?

Gujarat is known as the site of the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization as it has 23 sites of the Indus Valley Civilization.

  • Moreover, it has more heritage sites than any other state in India.
  • The Indus Valley Civilization’s most significant sites in Gujarat are Gola Dhoro, Dholavira, and Lothal.
  • Gujarat has the longest coastline and that facilitated the increase of trade and commerce. 
Gola Dhoro in Gujarat
Gola Dhoro in Gujarat. Source: Harappa

Dholavira site in Gujarat
Dholavira site in Gujarat. 

Lothal in Gujarat
Lothal in Gujarat. 

What is the History of Gandhinagar?

Furthermore, the Capital City of Gujarat lies on the banks of the Sabarmati River and is north of Ahmedabad. 

The Capital City of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, got its name from M.C. Gandhi
The Capital City of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, got its name from M.C. Gandhi. 
  • The city was built in 1966 as a substitute for Ahmedabad, which was the capital back then.
  • Gandhinagar became the commercial and cultural hub of Gujarat after state government offices were moved in 1970.

Demography of Gandhinagar

As of 2024, the population of Gandhinagar city is 2,92,000. Moreover, the population of the Gandhinagar metro area is 90,35,000. 

  • Additionally, there are around 918 females and 1000 males.
  • A majority of the population is Hindu which is around 95%. 
  • Furthermore, the literacy rate of Gandhinagar is 91.01%.

Also Read: What Is The Capital City Of Telangana?

Geography of Gandhinagar 

Getting to the geography aspect of Gandhinagar, it lies at an average elevation of 81 meters above sea level. 

  • Moreover, it sits on the western banks of the Sabarmati River in north-central Gujarat.
  • Gandhinagar is India’s tree capital as 54% of its land area is covered in greenery.
  • Gandhinagar has a subtropical steppe climate, with distinct hot and dry periods that are distinguished by a shorter monsoon season. 
Gandhinagar on the Map of India
Gandhinagar on the Map of India. Source: Google Maps 

Culture of Gandhinagar 

Gandhinagar portrays Gujarat’s rich artistic heritage. There are tribal communities that specialise in beautiful ethnic jewellery and terracotta work.

  • Traditional wear is still seen, especially in rural areas.
    • Men wear kurtas, dhotis, and bandis.
    • Moreover, women wear chaniya cholis for festivals and special occasions.
Traditional Gujarati Attire
Traditional Gujarati Attire

Economy of Gandhinagar 

The Capital City of Gujarat, Gandhinagar has a diverse economy with a strong focus on industry and government services. 

  • There are many small-scale as well as large-scale industries that are the driving force of the economy of the Capital city.
  • Additionally, Gandhinagar is divided into many special economic zones that cater to IT, electronics, and other industries that are present there.
  • Another key driver of growth is the Gujarat International Finance Tech City (GIFT) which aims to make Gandhinagar a financial centre.
  • Moreover, even Agriculture and Tourism are two of the emerging industries in the Capital City of Gujarat.

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FAQs

Why was Gandhinagar chosen as the capital city of Gujarat?

Gandhinagar was selected as the capital of Gujarat to serve as a well-planned urban centre distinct from the commercial hub of Ahmedabad. The decision aimed to decentralize administrative functions and promote balanced development across the state. Additionally, naming it after Mahatma Gandhi, a revered figure in India’s independence movement, added historical and cultural significance to the city.

What is the significance of Gandhinagar’s geographical location?

Gandhinagar’s strategic location on the banks of the Sabarmati River in north-central-east Gujarat offers logistical advantages for transportation and trade. Its proximity to Ahmedabad, one of India’s major metropolitan cities, enhances connectivity and economic ties. Moreover, the city’s elevation and lush green cover contribute to its aesthetic appeal and environmental sustainability.

How do Gandhinagar’s population demographics reflect its cultural fabric?  

Gandhinagar’s demographic profile, with a predominantly Hindu population, mirrors the religious and cultural landscape of Gujarat. The city’s high literacy rates, particularly among males, underscore its focus on education and intellectual development. Additionally, the government’s emphasis on green initiatives aligns with Gandhinagar’s identity as India’s “tree capital,” symbolizing its commitment to environmental conservation.

Hope you had fun reading about the capital of Gujarat. You can also read about Facts on Kerala or you can also visit our Interesting Facts page to read more such blogs.

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