Role of Regional Parties in Indian Politics

3 minute read
Role of Regional Parties in Indian Politics

You must have seen in your local areas that there are many political parties that many of your friends from other States might not know about. Well! In India, many Regional parties play an important role in strengthening politics at the local level. Furthermore, the role of political parties is to come together and make policies, form governments, etc. in the favor of people. In addition, Regional parties help raise the voice of the local people and make it count in the further rounds. Moreover, the major role of Regional parties in Indian politics is to make India a multi-party system. Now scroll up to learn more about the Role of Regional Parties in detail. 

Must Read: What are the 3 Types of Party Systems?

What is a Regional Party in India?

A regional party in India has its base and activities concentrated in a specific area. Additionally, not all regional parties advocate for regionalism, which is the push for greater autonomy or independence. 

  • Moreover, a Regional Party in India is a political party that works mostly within a specific state or region
  • In addition, they focus on local issues and represent the interests of a particular culture, language, or ethnic group. 

Furthermore, here are some examples of Regional Parties in India: 

  • Samajwadi Party (SP) in Uttar Pradesh
  • Biju Janata Dal (BJD) in Odisha
  • Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) in Uttar Pradesh
  • Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) in Tamil Nadu
  • Trinamool Congress in West Bengal

Did you know? The Election Commission of India recognizes strong regional players as “State Parties” only if they secure at least 6% of votes, and win two seats in a State Legislative Assembly election.

Also Read: 11 Pressure Groups in India

Roles of Regional Parties

In addition, the Role of Regional Parties in Indian politics has made the ice of regional issues heard. Here are the Roles of Regional Parties in Indian politics: 

  • The rise of Regional parties has led to an increased focus on regional issues.
  • Moreover, growing political pressure from regionalism has prompted the central government to address regional needs in national politics.
  • The influence of State-level parties at the National level has altered center-state relations.
  • Coalition governments must achieve consensus among diverse social groups to implement policies and programs. 

Also Read: What is National Integration in India?


How many regional parties are there in India?

As of 23rd of March 2024, the Election Commission of India rolled out a notification that says that there are 8, 57, and 2,764 national, state, and unrecognized parties respectively. 

What was the first regional party of India?

The first regional party was Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam formed on the 17th of September, 1949. 

Is BJP a regional party or a national party?

Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) is a national party. 

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Lastly, we hope you liked our blog and gained an understanding of the Role of Regional Parties in Indian politics and what is a regional party. Moreover, you may even read more blogs and empower yourself with knowledge regarding Civics and Polity!

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