What is the Full Form of PPP?

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PPP full form

The full form of PPP is the Public-Private Partnership. It means a collaboration and an arrangement between the public and private sectors. It aims to bring together their respective strengths and resources to achieve a common goal. This partnership involves sharing risks, responsibilities and rewards among the parties involved. In this blog, we will learn the details about PPP full form and its types.

Types of PPP

PPP can take several forms depending on the nature of the project and the objectives it aims to achieve. Here are some common types of PPP – 

  1. Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT)

Under the BOT model, a private entity is granted the rights to finance, design, construct, operate, and maintain the infrastructure project for a specified period. Once that period elapses, the ownership of the project is transferred to the public sector. This model is commonly used in large infrastructure projects like highways, airports, and power plants.

  1. Build-Own-Operate (BOO)

In the BOO model, the private sector not only builds and operates the project but also retains ownership rights. The private entity takes on the financial risks and is responsible for the maintenance and management of the infrastructure. This type of PPP is commonly seen in power generation and water treatment facilities.

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  1. Operation and Maintenance (O&M)

Under the O&M model, the private sector is responsible for the operation and maintenance of an existing public infrastructure project. This includes activities such as repairs, regular maintenance, and ensuring the project’s efficient functioning. O&M partnerships are often employed for projects like hospitals, schools, and public transportation systems.

  1. Concessions

Concession agreements involve granting operational and commercial rights for a specific project or service provision to a private entity. The private partner assumes both financial and operational risks while providing the infrastructure or service specified in the concession agreement. This type of PPP is commonly used for toll roads, ports, and telecommunication services.

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Benefits of PPP

PPP has gained popularity worldwide due to its numerous benefits and applications. Here are some key reasons why PPP is used – 

  1. Cost Efficiency
  2. Accelerated Project Delivery
  3. Risk Sharing
  4. Improved Service Quality
  5. Long Term Sustainability

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