25 Important Facts About the Constitution of India That You Must Know!

5 minute read

The Indian constitution also considered the nation’s supreme law was put together by Former Minister of Law and Justice of India, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar. Although we abide by the law of the constitution of India, we are still unaware of certain facts about it. To understand what our Constitution meant to its creator, have a look at what he has to say about it:

“However good a Constitution may be, if those who are implementing it are not good, it will prove to be bad. However bad a Constitution may be, if those implementing it are good, it will prove to be good.”

Supreme LawThe Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.
FrameworkLays down the framework that demarcates fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions. It also sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens.
OriginBased on the proposal suggested by M. N. Roy, the Constitution of India was drafted by the Constituent Assembly of India. It is the longest-written national constitution in the world.
Constitutional SupremacyThe Constitution imparts constitutional supremacy, meaning that it holds higher authority than the Parliament. The people of India adopted it with a declaration in its preamble. Parliament cannot override the Constitution.
CreationUnlike some other constitutions, the Indian Constitution was created by a constituent assembly rather than by Parliament.

Also Read- Revolutions in India You Must Know About

Now let’s dive right into the facts of Indian constitution that you should know:

  1. The constitution of India is not printed or written like a regular copy, it is completely calligraphed by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in the Italic font style. 
  1. Shantiniketan painters were called upon to embellish all the handwritten pages of the Indian constitution. 
Source- Udaipur Times

  1. It is one of the amazing facts about the Indian constitution that it took two years to be completed along with a total expenditure of ₹6.4 million.
  1. Indian constitution is also known as the bag of borrowings because Dr. B. R. Ambedkar travelled to different countries to adapt different sections of the constitution. The table below shows what was adopted from which nation. 
Great BritainRule of Law Parliamentary government Legislative procedure Single citizenship Cabinet system
United StatesFunctions and impeaches the president Function of the vice president Removal of judges from the Supreme and High Courts Judicial review Judiciary independenceFundamental rights
Soviet Union/RussiaFundamental duties Ideals of political, social, and economic justice
CanadaFederalism’s centrifugal form where the centre holds more power than states Vesting residual power to the centre
IrelandState policies and their directive principles Election method of presidents
  1. India is known to have the largest constitution in the world. 
  1. The national emblem mentioned in the constitution of India is four lions standing at the back of each other signifying power, courage, confidence, and faith. 

Also Read- Yellow Revolution

  1. The total number of amendments made in the first year of drafting the Indian constitution was 2000. 
  1. It was after the implementation of the constitution of India, that Indian women were allowed to vote. 
  1. It is a much amazing fact about the constitution of India that Part III of the constitution is referred to as the ‘Magna Carta’ which was signed by King John of England in the year 1215. 
Source- Britannica

  1. The final fact about the Indian constitution is that the original calligraphed constitution is kept inside the helium-filled cases in the library of the Parliament. 
  1. The timing of the constitution of India coming into effect was January 26, 1950, which remarked the transition of republic India 
  1. Do you ever wonder when the constitution of India was already made in November 1969, why was it chosen to be put into effect in January? The 26 January date holds historical significance. It is the anniversary day of Poorna Swaraj.  
  1. One of the amazing and proud facts about the constitution of India is that it is not rigid. There are a total of 94 amendments that have been made since its inception. 
  1. The national anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ is written by Rabindranath Tagore in Bengali. It was translated into Hindi by Abid Ali on January 24, 1950. 
Source- Alchetron

In Picture- Abid Ali, the translator of the national anthem. 

  1. Republic Day or 26 January is not a one-day celebration. It starts on 26 January with the President’s speech and ends on 29th January with the Beating Retreat Ceremony. The eye-catching event is the arrival of the President followed by the cavalry and President’s Bodyguard (PBG). 
  1. This fact about the constitution of India is amazing, Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar mentioned at the time of writing this constitution that he would burn it himself if it proved to be of any inconvenience to the minority community. 
  1. The constitution of India is the reason many other countries have adopted the republic governance. For instance, certain amendments were adopted by Nepal. 
  1. The most recent amendment to the constitution of India was made in 2023. It is the 106th Amendment act, that deals with women’s reservation in Lok Sabha
Source- YouTube

  1. The constitution of India democrats the nation with three major branches- Legislature, Executive, and Judiciary
  1. There are fundamental rights in the constitution of India that are integral to everyone’s life in India, which include the right to speech and expression. 
  1. There are 22 official languages in the constitution of India as per the different states. However, Indian English and Modern Standard Hindi are the major Official Languages of the Government of India.

  1. The constitution of India is the most debated document of the nation. It was disagreed upon by many individuals. 
  1. The constitution promotes the parliamentary form of government, where the Supreme Court acts as the highest court of the nation. 
  1. The head of the state as per the constitution of India is the President and the government is headed by the Prime Minister of the Nation. 
  1. The three branches of the constitution of India have different powers keeping in check the growth and balance of the other branch. 

Relevant Blogs

Pink Revolution: Origin, Government Policies, Current Status and MoreBranches of HistoryDecoding the Battle of Plassey of 1757
Tatya Tope, the Indian Superhero of the Independence MovementUPSC Tipu Sultan Notes: Download PDF
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory The Company Establishes Power
Home Rule Movement in IndiaBattle of KhanwaHistory Of Indian Civil Services

If you liked reading about the facts about the Indian constitution, you might also like scrolling through the civics and polity archives. 

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *