What is the Full Form of PING?

2 minute read

The Packet InterNet Groper is the full form of PING. It is a software programme or network management system for computers that is used to assess how well two devices can communicate with one another over a network. Such systems could include any routinely used personal computer, switch, server, gateway, or router. It was created to check or ensure that a specified networked device remains connected to the network.

History of PING

  • Mike Muussas created the PING utility in December 1983. It is a technique for investigating problems in an IP network.
  • PING utility software’s concept and development were motivated by David Mills.
  • He uses ICMP echo packets to analyse and estimate IP networks.
  • The first release was software that was in the public domain, and all following releases had BSD licences.
  • Ping was initially implemented in 4.3BSD.
  • The FreeDOS edition was designed by Erick Engelke and is available under the GPL.
  • Tim Crawford designed the ReactOS version, and it is distributed under the terms of the MIT Licence.

Also, Read: Components of Computer

Working Principle of PING 

  • Ping communicates with a destination host by sending an ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) echo demand packet and storing an ICMP echo acknowledgement.
  • The study’s software overview also includes a numerical summary of the analytical overview and information on errors and packet loss rates. These numerical summaries frequently contain standard mean-variance, low, maximum, and average round-trip timings.
  • If the two systems are connected to the network, a series of packets is sent from one device to the other via the web to test the connections in an effort to elicit a response from the other system.
  • In order to ensure that both systems are linked across that network, the other device sends an acknowledgement.
  • Between the command-line choices and the output of the PING programme, several executions take place.
  • Command-line options include the payload size, the number of tests, the number of network hops (TTL) constraints checked near the range, a break in the middle of the requests, and the duration of the response wait.
  • For testing on IPv6 networks that use ICMPv6, a variety of systems provide the ping6 companion programme.

Also Read: Difference between Compiler and Interpreter

This was about the full form of PING. Visit our Full Form Page to discover more intriguing articles about full forms. You can also check out our consolidated 300+ full forms list!

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *