Harihar Fort History: Features, Facts, Timings & More

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Harihar Fort history

Harihar Fort, also known as Harshagad, stands tall at an elevation of 3,676 feet above sea level. So are you intrigued by the stories of ancient fortresses and their glorious past? If so, let’s delve into Harihar Fort history, a majestic structure which is located in the Western Ghats of Nashik district in Maharashtra, India. This blog will cover some details about the mesmerizing features and fascinating facts surrounding this architectural marvel.

Commissioned byYadava Dynasty
Also Known asHarshagad
LocationNashik, Maharashtra
TimingsOpen 12:30 PM to 2:AM on all days
Entry Fee for fortNo Entry Fees

History of Harihar Fort

  • The exact origin of Harihar Fort dates back to the 9th to 14th century during the Yadava Dynasty rule. It was initially constructed for military purposes, serving as a watchtower to monitor the nearby trade route and ensure the safety of the region
  • The fort later came under the control of various dynasties, including the Mughals, Bahamanis, Marathas and the British, each leaving their mark on its architecture.
  • It was under the control of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate. In 1636, Shahaji Bhosale surrendered Harihar Fort, along with Trimbak, Tringalvadi, and a few other Poona (now Pune) forts, to the Mughal General Khan Zaman.
  • Later on, in 1818, Captain Briggs captured all 17 forts, including Harihar Fort, after the fall of Trimbak. These forts were then surrendered to the British Army.

The Fort is the highest point of the Sahyadri mountain range and was purposefully built to keep an eye over the Gonda Ghat trade route.

Credit- Trek and Trails India

Features of Harihar Fort

  • Rock-cut Staircase: One of the most extraordinary features of Harihar Fort is its rock-cut staircase carved out of solid rock, this spiral staircase leads to the fort’s summit with 117 steps and is inclined on a 90-degree vertical.
  • Unique Water Cisterns: As you explore the fort, you will come across numerous water cisterns, locally known as “Pandavleni,” that once provided a reliable water supply to the inhabitants. These ingenious structures showcase the fort’s advanced engineering and water conservation techniques. There remains a freshwater pond just in front of the Shiva Temple.
  • Temple Complex: Harihar Fort is home to two temples, dedicated to Lord Hanuman and Lord Shiva. These sacred shrines are located at the top of the Sahyadri mountain.
  • Bastions and Watchtowers: The fort boasts several well-preserved bastions and watchtowers strategically positioned to provide a vantage point for defending the fort against enemy attacks.

Also Read – Rajgad Fort History: Features, Facts, Timings & More

Facts about Harihar Fort

  1. The striking feature of Harihar Fort is its peculiar triangular shape, earning it the nickname “Sada Fort.”
  2. It is believed that the construction of the fort was supervised by the famous sage Parashurama, who was known for his immense strength and knowledge.
  3. Harihar Fort is a popular destination for trekking enthusiasts, offering a challenging yet rewarding experience. The trek to the fort presents panoramic views of the surrounding Sahyadri mountain range and lush green valleys.
  4. The top plateau offers a mesmerizing view of the Vaitarna Reservoir in the distance, along with a stunning 360-degree panoramic view of the Sahyadri Trimbakeshwar mountain ranges. 
  5. One can also spot many forts and peaks from the top, including Bhaskargad or Basgad, Anjaneri Fort, Brahma Parvat, Utwad Fort, Navra-Navri Peak, Phani/Fani Dongar Hill, Brahmagiri and several others.

Also Read – Neemrana Fort History: Features, Facts, Timings & More

Timings and Entry Fee of the Harihar Fort

The fort is open to the public for trekking from 12:30 PM to 2:00 AM on all days and is a trekker’s spot for trek lovers. There are no entry fees nor does one have to acquire any permission. 

Entrance of the Fort. Credit- Trek and Trails India

As we conclude, not many architectural remains of the Harihar Fort are in their place as most of them have been ruined in the many events that the fort faced. But one cannot deny the serene and mesmerizing view the fort holds. The sunsets and the other peaks and forts that are visible from this highest point give a sense of calmness and a feeling of joy.

Other Attractions near Harihar Fort

Trimbakeshwar Shiva TempleJenJon Lake Vaitarna Waterfalls
Dugarwadi WaterfallBrahmagiri Temple
Deobandh TempleDurga Bhandar
Anjaneri FortVitthal Bagh
Janjira Fort HistoryAmer Fort History
Kumbhalgarh Fort HistoryHistory of Fatehpur Sikri
Agra Fort HistoryGolconda Fort
Bhangarh Fort HistoryRed Fort History

That’s all about Harihar Fort history! If you want to know more about topics like this, then visit our general knowledge page! Alternatively, you can also read our blog on general knowledge for competitive exams!

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