What is a Moot Court?

5 minute read
What is a Moot Court

Moot Court is one of the most exciting activities for students interested in law. The proceedings in a Moot court mirror real-life court proceedings. Moreover, the purpose of the activity is to help law students understand how real Courts work and their proper code of conduct, the importance of dress code and the use of formal language. Mooting is a great way to develop one’s confidence, speaking, writing skills and research acumen. Additionally, participating in Moot Courts is not just great for budding advocates but also future Judges and arbitrators. Most universities hold inter-college or intra-college mooting sessions which gives students a chance to network and work with their future competition. Keep reading to learn more about Moot courts and how they work.

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What is a Moot Court?

A Moot Court is a replica of real court proceedings. The purpose of Moot court competitions is to make students aware of the court proceedings related to disputes between parties.

  • These competitions are organised mostly in law schools for students who wish to pursue their careers as Lawyers, Judges and Arbitrators.
  • Moreover, this practice helps in the development of legal skills, research acumen and speaking skills.
  • The process of mooting is not the same as public speaking or debating, Moot courts are more interactive and there is cross-questioning. 
Source: UNSW

Moot courts have two teams: Defendants and Respondents. The Mooting presents a hypothetical case and both teams are required to research it and represent their arguments. Furthermore, the Mooting culture began in India in 1981 and since then has been used as a tool of persuasive advocacy to train the future generation of lawyers.

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Importance of Moot Courts

The practice of having moot courts is considered necessary because of multiple reasons. Here are some of the reasons below:

  1. Moot courts help students to engage and understand legal issues.
  2. It helps pupils to analyse legal topics and work on research. 
  3. Students learn to work in teams and learn from their teammates.
  4. Moreover, students can demonstrate their advocacy skills and legal skills.
  5. Students can improve their confidence and speaking skills.
  6. Additionally, students can learn from their peers and develop debating skills.
  7. Mooting is intellectually rewarding and stimulating for budding lawyers.

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Relevance of Moot Courts

Moot Courts are organised in law schools to intellectually stimulate students to develop skills that will be of great importance in the future.

  • The legal areas covered under moot courts are Public International Law, Human Rights, Arbitration, International Criminal Law, Law of the Sea Convention etc.
  • A Moot court competition provides the students with a foundational platform so that students can be prepared to face the professional rivalry qualifying which requires a few steps.
Source: Shivalik Judicial Academy

Key Facts About Moot Courts

Furthermore, those prepared for Moot Court competitions must keep in mind the following things:

  1. The candidate must know the facts of the case.
  2. In addition, the candidate cannot manipulate the facts of the case.
  3. The candidates should emphasise the relevant facts of the case.
  4. Moreover, the candidates should know how to exclude irrelevant facts.
  5. 20 minutes is given to each participant for preparing the case.
  6. The questioning period by the judges is 3-4 mins.
  7. Candidates must narrate the facts in 2-3 mins.
  8. The candidate’s opening statement must be well thought out.
  9. The issues must be carefully framed by the candidate.

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Basic Tips: How to Moot

Here are certain essential tips on how to carry out a Moot efficiently:

  1. Students must actively engage with the bench. Students must speak at an appropriate volume, and respond actively and accurately based on the judge’s interests.
  2. Students must be aware that mooting is not just about the presentation of facts but applying those facts to argue in favour of what they are standing for.
  3. Moreover, students must know what a principle stands for and if it is binding on the court.
  4. Students must know how to manage time to deliver their best.

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6 Famous Moots

Some of the worldwide famous moot competitions organised every year on the international level are:

  1. Phillip C. Jessup
  2. Nuremberg
  3. Asia Cup
  4. Jean Pictet
  5. Red Cross International Humanitarian Law
  6. Henry Dunant Moot Court Competitions. 

Therefore, these competitions are mostly sponsored by their conducting organizations to encourage the students to actively participate.

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What are Written Memorials and Oral Pleadings?

Two of the most commonly used terms in Moot court are written memorials and oral pleadings. Before participating, students must be aware of what these terms stand for:

Written Memorial

The teams are required to prepare memorials for both sides of the case. This is done for students to develop their thinking process. For a good quality memorial, sessions of collective discussions and research work are done by the teams.

Oral Pleadings

Once the written memorials are submitted, preparation for the oral pleadings begins. For oral pleadings, the teams follow the mooting videos that are available. They also gain knowledge related to a presentation of arguments, gestures they need to make before the judges along with their overall body language and ways of communicating etc.


What do you mean by moot court?

Law students practice hypothetical cases in a setting similar of that of a court. This scenario is called as a moot court.

What is difference between moot court and real court?

When a moot court is conducted, students argue based on the law only. And in a real court, arguments and fillings are done based on law and procedural laws.

Is moot court hard?

Moot courts can be nerve-wrecking but are also enjoyable.

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Lastly, we hope you liked our blog and gained an understanding of a Moot Court. Moreover, you may even read more blogs and empower yourself with knowledge regarding Civics and Polity!

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