What is the Full Form of ARF?

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ARF Full Form is Acute Renal Failure now known as  Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). A spike in serum creatinine preferably a decrease in the amount of urine produced, or both, are signs of a sudden reduction in the functioning of the kidneys that takes place in less than 7 days. When your kidneys are suddenly unable to eliminate waste from your blood, you experience acute renal failure. When your kidneys’ filtering ability declines, dangerous waste accumulations may occur, and the chemical balance of your blood may become unbalanced.

Acute kidney damage, also referred to as acute renal failure or acute kidney failure, usually develops rapidly. The majority of people with acute renal failure are already hospitalised patients, especially those who are critically unwell and require intensive care. More than 50% of patients treated in the intensive care unit (ICU) and 10-15% of hospital admissions are found to have AKI. Complications from AKI might include metabolic acidosis, elevated potassium levels, uremia, adjustments to the body’s fluid balance, impacts on various organs, and even death. AKI patients are more likely to later develop chronic renal disease than non-AKI patients.


Acute renal failure symptoms and signs might include:

  • Decreased pee production, yet occasionally normal urine production is still present
  • The swelling in your legs, ankles, or feet is due to fluid retention.
  • breathing difficulty
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Nausea
  • Weakness
  • abnormal heartbeat
  • chest pressure or discomfort
  • seizures, or in the worst circumstances, coma

Also Read: What is the Full Form of NHAI?


Given below are the causes of ARF:

  • Your illness causes your kidneys’ blood flow to be sluggish.
  • Your kidneys suffer immediate harm.
  • When the ureters, which drain your kidneys’ urine, are obstructed, wastes cannot be expelled from your body through urine.

Also Read: What is the Full Form of DOT?

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