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Spanish Prepositions: Usage, Examples and Exercises

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Spanish-Prepositions

Spanish Preposition: Are you planning to learn Spanish? Well, when learning common words in Spanish, conquering prepositions in this language is very important to have a proper vocabulary. Some of the common Spanish prepositions are: en, al, hasta, del, desde and several others. For those of you who don’t know, prepositions play the role of an object of all the existing prepositions and the rest follow the case.

Keep in mind that it is very difficult to speak Spanish without these common prepositions. Therefore, we have compiled a blog on Spanish prepositions through which you will be able to learn them. 

Also Read: 20+ Ways to Say Goodbye in Spanish

What are Prepositions?

A preposition is a word or a group of words that are used in sentences to show the relationship nouns, phrases and nouns have with other words in the sentence. Prepositions are implemented in the latter part of the sentence but before a noun or a pronoun. 

As per the Oxford Learner’s Dictionary, prepositions are a group of words such as: from, in, to, out of, behalf of and several others are used before a pronoun or a noun. 

Also Read: Prepositions: Definition, Types, Examples & Exercise

How to Use Spanish Prepositions?

As we all know, prepositions are known to be flexible and can have multiple meanings, therefore, it is very important to understand the context of the sentence. Prepositions are of many types as can be seen from the following list below.

Here’s how these prepositions can be used in the Spanish language. 

Prepositions of Place

When writing sentences on prepositions of place, there are some rules which you should keep in mind. Here are some of them.

  • ‘En’ is used in sentences to indicate something in being a place. Example: Estoy en casa. (I’m at home.)
  • For more specific usage of direction, use ‘hasia’. Example: Camina hasia el parque. (He walks towards the park.)
  • Finally, use ‘a’ to indicate movement to a place. Example: Voy a la tienda. (I’m going to the store.)

Prepositions of Time or Method

Here are all the rules that you must follow when making sentences on prepositions of time

  • When you are talking about periods, years or months, you must use ‘en’. Example: Estudio mucho en la tarde. (I study a lot in the afternoon.)
  • If you are talking about specific periods, then you make use of ‘a’. Example: Nos vemos a las 5. (See you at 5.) 

Prepositions of Position

Prepositions of Place also referred to as Prepositions of movement use words like a, hacia, de, desde, hasta, en and several others in their sentences. There are no rules for this. Here are some examples of this preposition.

Example: El museo está a 500 metros de aquí. (The museum is 500 meters from here.)

Nos vemos a la entrada del café. (See you by the coffee shop entrance.)

Prepositional Phrases

In Spanish, two categories come under it: simple and compound. Simple prepositions contain a single word whereas compounds contain two or more words.

Why Do We Use Prepositions in Spanish?

Prepositions are a fundamental part of the Spanish language. They are used to provide the necessary context as well as structure for creating relations between words by indicating direction, time, manner, possession, location etc. Below we have mentioned the following uses of prepositions. 

  • Prepositions are used to show the direction of something in a sentence. 
  • They are used to represent spatial relationships. 
  • They are also used to show the time of an event.
  • They can also be used to denote the location or position of an object.
  • Lastly, Prepositional phrases are combined with all the above-mentioned prepositions and then used in sentences. 

Now that we are aware of what prepositions are. We’ll come straight to the list of common Spanish prepositions. 

19+ Most Common Spanish Prepositions

We’re going to begin with a list of more than 19 Spanish prepositions that can be used in Spanish. We will also provide an example as well as the meaning of these Spanish prepositions.

Here is the list of Spanish prepositions which you can learn and when to use them in sentences:

S.No.Spanish PrepositionEnglish TranslationExample
1.ConRelation withNo me contestes con un dicho.
(Don’t answer me with a saying.)
2.ContraAgainst¿Estás conmigo o en mi contra?
(Are you with me or against me?)
3.DesdeSinceÉl ha estado leyendo desde hace una hora.
(He has been reading for an hour.)
4.DuranteDuringDurante las clases de informática normalmente chateo con mis amigos en Chile.
(During the computer science lessons, I usually chat with my friends in Chile.)
5. Encima deOn top ofVolábamos por encima de las nubes.
(We flew above the clouds.)
6. SegúnAccording toTodo queda según estaba.
(Everything stays as it was.)
7. ViaThroughEl vuelo no es directo, sino vía Londres.
(The flight is not direct, but rather via London.)
8. TrasAfterTras nuestra casa hay un jardín.
(There is a backyard behind our house.)
9.SobreOnAquí había un libro que tenía algunos datos sobre la vida de Rubén Darío.
(There was a book here that had some data on the life of Rubén Darío.)
10.PorForNo traigas nada por favor.
(Don’t bring anything, please.)
11. ParaTo¿Quiere la computadora para mañana?
(Do you want the computer for tomorrow?)
12. HaciaTowards in direction ofEl capitán guía al equipo hacia la victoria.
(The captain guides the team to victory.)
13. EntreBetweenBayreuth está entre Berlín y Munich.
(Bayreuth is between Berlin and Munich.)
14.Detrás deBehindDetrás de ti hay un niño.
(There is a child behind you.)
15.Enfrente deIn front ofEstaba sentado enfrente de mí.
(You/he/she were/was sitting in front of me.)
16.HastaUntilAyer estuvimos en el instituto hasta trade.
(Yesterday we were in the institute until late.)
17.SinThey areNo debió hacerlo, sin embargo lo hizo.
(He should not have done it, however he did it.)
18.BajoLowExiste un bajo riesgo de incumplimiento.
(There is a low risk of default.)
19. CabeClose to/Near toElla Cabe en la silla.
(She fits in the chair.)
20.MedianteBy Means of¿Mediante la apicultura también se consigue cera?
(Is wax also obtained from beekeeping?)
21. AnteIn the face ofSí, por favor, díganos qué le ocurre y ante todo, ¡tranquilícese!
(Yes, please, tell us what’s happening and above all, be quiet!)
22. ConWithNo te encuentras con tus amigos.
(You do not meet with your friends.)
23.EnInYo estoy en Portugal.
(I am in Portugal.)

Spanish Prepositions: Exercise 1

Fill in the blanks with the correct Spanish preposition.

  1. El libro está ____ la mesa. (on)
  2. Vivo ____ Madrid. (in)
  3. Vamos a caminar ____ el parque. (through)
  4. El gato está ____ la caja. (inside)
  5. El perro corre ____ el jardín. (across)
  6. El lápiz está ____ la mesa. (on)
  7. Mi casa está ____ la tuya. (next to)
  8. El autobús va ____ la estación. (to)
  9. Los niños juegan ____ la playa. (on)
  10. El avión vuela ____ las nubes. (above)

Check Your Answer:

  1. en
  2. en
  3. por
  4. dentro de
  5. a través de
  6. sobre
  7. al lado de
  8. hacia
  9. en
  10. encima de

Spanish Prepositions: Exercise 2

Fill in the blanks by choosing the correct Spanish prepositions from the two choices.

  1. El gato está ___ la silla. (a/en)
  2. Me gusta caminar ___ el parque. (por/en)
  3. El restaurante está ___ la esquina. (en/a)
  4. El libro está ___ la mesa. (sobre/debajo de)
  5. El tren va ___ la estación. (a/hacia)
  6. Hay un árbol grande ___ la casa. (en/junto a)
  7. El avión vuela ___ las nubes. (sobre/entre)
  8. Vamos a nadar ___ el mar. (en/por)
  9. La tienda está ___ la calle principal. (en/entre)
  10. Mi casa está ___ la tuya. (cerca de/al lado de)

Check Your Answers:

  1. en
  2. por
  3. en
  4. sobre
  5. hacia
  6. junto a
  7. sobre
  8. en
  9. en
  10. al lado de

We hope the above two exercises helped you in testing your knowledge on spanish prepositions.

Check Out More Blogs!

8 Types of PrepositionsPrepositions for Class 4 with Fun Exercises
Compound PrepositionsHow to Use the Preposition of To?
Preposition OverArticles and Preposition
Commonly Used Prepositions of DirectionsPictures for Preposition
Use of For Preposition Use of At On In the Preposition 

FAQs

What are simple Spanish prepositions?

Here are some of the simple Spanish prepositions that can be used in making sentences:
1. Con
2. De
3. En
4. Hacia
5. Contra

List an example of a prepositional phrase in Spanish.

Here is an example of a prepositional phrase in Spanish: a la tienda which means to the store. Here ‘a’ is the preposition, and ‘la tienda’ is the object which is modified within the phrase. 

How many prepositions are there in Spanish?

There are 23 prepositions in the Spanish language. In Spanish, they are called “locuciones preposicionales”.

We hope this blog on Spanish Prepositions provided you with all the necessary information. To advance your grammar knowledge and read more informative blogs, check out our Learn English page and don’t forget to follow Leverage Edu.

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