Spanish Prepositions: Usage, Examples and Exercises

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Spanish-Prepositions

Spanish Preposition: Are you planning to learn Spanish? Well, when learning common words in Spanish, conquering prepositions in this language is very important to have a proper vocabulary. Some of the common Spanish prepositions are: en, al, hasta, del, desde and several others. For those of you who don’t know, prepositions play the role of an object of all the existing prepositions and the rest follow the case.

Keep in mind that it is very difficult to speak Spanish without these common prepositions. Therefore, we have compiled a blog on Spanish prepositions through which you will be able to learn them. 

Also Read: 20+ Ways to Say Goodbye in Spanish

What are Prepositions?

A preposition is a word or a group of words that are used in sentences to show the relationship nouns, phrases and nouns have with other words in the sentence. Prepositions are implemented in the latter part of the sentence but before a noun or a pronoun. 

As per the Oxford Learner’s Dictionary, prepositions are a group of words such as: from, in, to, out of, behalf of and several others are used before a pronoun or a noun. 

Also Read: Prepositions: Definition, Types, Examples & Exercise

How to Use Spanish Prepositions?

As we all know, prepositions are known to be flexible and can have multiple meanings, therefore, it is very important to understand the context of the sentence. Prepositions are of many types as can be seen from the following list below.

Here’s how these prepositions can be used in the Spanish language. 

Prepositions of Place

When writing sentences on prepositions of place, there are some rules which you should keep in mind. Here are some of them.

  • ‘En’ is used in sentences to indicate something in being a place. Example: Estoy en casa. (I’m at home.)
  • For more specific usage of direction, use ‘hasia’. Example: Camina hasia el parque. (He walks towards the park.)
  • Finally, use ‘a’ to indicate movement to a place. Example: Voy a la tienda. (I’m going to the store.)

Prepositions of Time or Method

Here are all the rules that you must follow when making sentences on prepositions of time

  • When you are talking about periods, years or months, you must use ‘en’. Example: Estudio mucho en la tarde. (I study a lot in the afternoon.)
  • If you are talking about specific periods, then you make use of ‘a’. Example: Nos vemos a las 5. (See you at 5.) 

Prepositions of Position

Prepositions of Place also referred to as Prepositions of movement use words like a, hacia, de, desde, hasta, en and several others in their sentences. There are no rules for this. Here are some examples of this preposition.

Example: El museo está a 500 metros de aquí. (The museum is 500 meters from here.)

Nos vemos a la entrada del café. (See you by the coffee shop entrance.)

Prepositional Phrases

In Spanish, two categories come under it: simple and compound. Simple prepositions contain a single word whereas compounds contain two or more words.

Why Do We Use Prepositions in Spanish?

Prepositions are a fundamental part of the Spanish language. They are used to provide the necessary context as well as structure for creating relations between words by indicating direction, time, manner, possession, location etc. Below we have mentioned the following uses of prepositions. 

  • Prepositions are used to show the direction of something in a sentence. 
  • They are used to represent spatial relationships. 
  • They are also used to show the time of an event.
  • They can also be used to denote the location or position of an object.
  • Lastly, Prepositional phrases are combined with all the above-mentioned prepositions and then used in sentences. 

Now that we are aware of what prepositions are. We’ll come straight to the list of common Spanish prepositions. 

23 Most Common Spanish Prepositions

We’re going to begin with a list of 23 Spanish prepositions in Spanish. We will also provide an example and the meaning along with these Spanish prepositions.

Here is the list of Spanish prepositions which you can learn and when to use them in sentences:

S.No. Spanish Preposition English Translation Example
1. Con Relation with No me contestes con un dicho.
(Don’t answer me with a saying.)
2. Contra Against ¿Estás conmigo o en mi contra?
(Are you with me or against me?)
3. Desde Since Él ha estado leyendo desde hace una hora.
(He has been reading for an hour.)
4. Durante During Durante las clases de informática normalmente chateo con mis amigos en Chile.
(During the computer science lessons, I usually chat with my friends in Chile.)
5.  Encima de On top of Volábamos por encima de las nubes.
(We flew above the clouds.)
6.  Según According to Todo queda según estaba.
(Everything stays as it was.)
7.  Via Through El vuelo no es directo, sino vía Londres.
(The flight is not direct, but rather via London.)
8.  Tras After Tras nuestra casa hay un jardín.
(There is a backyard behind our house.)
9. Sobre On Aquí había un libro que tenía algunos datos sobre la vida de Rubén Darío.
(There was a book here that had some data on the life of Rubén Darío.)
10. Por For No traigas nada por favor.
(Don’t bring anything, please.)
11.  Para To ¿Quiere la computadora para mañana?
(Do you want the computer for tomorrow?)
12.  Hacia Towards in direction of El capitán guía al equipo hacia la victoria.
(The captain guides the team to victory.)
13.  Entre Between Bayreuth está entre Berlín y Munich.
(Bayreuth is between Berlin and Munich.)
14. Detrás de Behind Detrás de ti hay un niño.
(There is a child behind you.)
15. Enfrente de In front of Estaba sentado enfrente de mí.
(You/he/she were/was sitting in front of me.)
16. Hasta Until Ayer estuvimos en el instituto hasta trade.
(Yesterday we were in the institute until late.)
17. Sin They are No debió hacerlo, sin embargo lo hizo.
(He should not have done it, however he did it.)
18. Bajo Low Existe un bajo riesgo de incumplimiento.
(There is a low risk of default.)
19.  Cabe Close to/Near to Ella Cabe en la silla.
(She fits in the chair.)
20. Mediante By Means of ¿Mediante la apicultura también se consigue cera?
(Is wax also obtained from beekeeping?)
21.  Ante In the face of Sí, por favor, díganos qué le ocurre y ante todo, ¡tranquilícese!
(Yes, please, tell us what’s happening and above all, be quiet!)
22.  Con With No te encuentras con tus amigos.
(You do not meet with your friends.)
23. En In Yo estoy en Portugal.
(I am in Portugal.)

Check Out More Blogs!

8 Types of Prepositions Prepositions for Class 4 with Fun Exercises
Compound Prepositions How to Use the Preposition of To?
Preposition Over Articles and Preposition
Commonly Used Prepositions of Directions Pictures for Preposition
Use of For Preposition  Use of At On In the Preposition 

FAQs

What are simple Spanish prepositions?

Here are some of the simple Spanish prepositions that can be used in making sentences:
1. Con
2. De
3. En
4. Hacia
5. Contra

List an example of a prepositional phrase in Spanish.

Here is an example of a prepositional phrase in Spanish: a la tienda which means to the store. Here ‘a’ is the preposition, and ‘la tienda’ is the object which is modified within the phrase. 

How many prepositions are there in Spanish?

There are 23 prepositions in the Spanish language. In Spanish, they are called “locuciones preposicionales”.

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