What are French Prepositions: Meaning, Exercises With Answers 

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The French language relies heavily on prepositions to convey the relationships between elements in a sentence. Prepositions are the words that link parts of a sentence together. They indicate the relationships of nouns or pronouns to the other parts of the sentences. In French, prepositions are placed in front of nouns and pronouns. They denote the direction, location, time, manner, and relationships.

French prepositions are an essential part of the language, that links words and phrases and enhances both communication skills and cultural appreciation. Let us dive into the world of French prepositions, understand their varied meanings, and solve the exciting French prepositions exercises.

The Basics of French Prepositions 

Just as the names clear the prepositions are the words that are placed (pre) before nouns and pronouns in the sentence. They are used to indicate the three things in the sentence. They will either refer to place, time, or movement.  There are three types of French prepositions:

  • Prepositions of Place
  • Preposition of Time
  • Preposition of Movement

Also Read: How to Use the Preposition of To? [Rules & Examples]

French Prepositions Of Place Usage With Examples

French Prepositions allow one to physically situate a person, place, or thing in space. The French prepositions of place are:

French Prepositions English Prepositions Examples in English Translation
sur on Le chat est sur la table.The cat is on the table.
sous under Le livre est sous le lit.The book is under the bed.
entre between Il y a un parc entre les deux bâtiments.There is a park between the two buildings.
dans in Les clés sont dans le tiroir.The keys are in the drawer.
devant in front of La voiture est garée devant la maison.The car is parked in front of the house
derrière behind Le jardin est derrière l’école.The garden is behind the school.
chez at the place of Je suis chez Mary.I’m at Mary’s place.
à at Je vais au magasin.I’m going to the store.

Explore this blog Prepositions: Definition, Types, Examples, and Exercise

French Preposition of Time Usage With Examples

French Preposition of Time helps to situate people, places, things, and events in time. The French prepositions of time are:

French Prepositions English Prepositions Examples in English Translation
avant before Je t’appellerai avant la réunion.
I will call you before the meeting.
après after Nous pouvons prendre un café après le film.
We can have coffee after the movie.
vers towards Elle marcha vers le parc.
She walked towards the park.
depuis  since J’étudie le français depuis l’année dernière.
I have been studying French since last year.
pendant for Nous nous sommes rencontrés pendant les vacances d’été.
We met during the summer vacation.
pour for Ce cadeau est pour toi.This gift is for you.

Also Read: Preposition and Prepositional Phrases: Meaning & Examples

French Preposition of Movement Usage With Examples

French Preposition of Time helps to situate people, places, things, and events in time. The French prepositions of time are:

French Prepositions English Prepositions Examples in English Translation
vers towards Je t’appellerai avant la réunion.
I will call you before the meeting.
à to Nous pouvons prendre un café après le film.
We can have coffee after the movie.
de from Elle marcha vers le parc.
She walked towards the park.
par by, by way of J’étudie le français depuis l’année dernière.
I have been studying French since last year.

Also Read: Pictures for Preposition: Master the 4 Types through Visuals [PDF Available

French Prepositions Practice Exercises

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate preposition:

  1. Le chat est __ la table.
  2. Le cadeau est __ toi.
  3. Nous allons __ la plage demain.
  4. Les clés sont __ la voiture.
  5. Le livre est __ la bibliothèque.
  6. Il est parti __ une heure.
  7. Le musée est __ la rue principale.
  8. Je suis __ le travail.
  9. Le magasin est __ coin de la rue.
  10. Nous nous sommes rencontrés __ l’école.
  11. Elle marche __ le parc.
  12. Mon ami habite __ Paris.
  13. J’étudie le français __ trois ans.
  14. Il est __ la maison depuis ce matin.
  15. Rendez-vous __ la gare à 10 heures.
  16. La fête est __  soir.
  17. Ils voyagent __ train.
  18. Le restaurant est __ la rue commerçante.
  19. Le film commence __ dix minutes.
  20. Nous allons célébrer Noël __ famille.

Answers

  1. Le chat est sur la table.
  2. Le cadeau est pour toi.
  3. Nous allons à la plage demain.
  4. Les clés sont dans la voiture.
  5. Le livre est à la bibliothèque.
  6. Il est parti pendant une heure.
  7. Le musée est dans la rue principale.
  8. Je suis au travail.
  9. Le magasin est au coin de la rue.
  10. Nous nous sommes rencontrés à l’école.
  11. Elle marche vers le parc.
  12. Mon ami habite à Paris.
  13. J’étudie le français depuis trois ans.
  14. Il est à la maison depuis ce matin.
  15. Rendez-vous à la gare à 10 heures.
  16. La fête est samedi soir.
  17. Ils voyagent en train.
  18. Le restaurant est dans la rue commerçante.
  19. Le film commence dans dix minutes.
  20. Nous allons célébrer Noël en famille.

Explore this blog: Abstract Nouns: Definition, Examples and Usage

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FAQs

What are 10 prepositions in the French Language?

There are 10 prepositions in the French Language are avant, au, avant, avec, contre, chez, dvant, pendant, and dans.

How many types of prepositions are there in the French language?

There are specifically three types of French Language.

  • Prepositions of Place
  • Prepositions of Time
  • Prepositions of Movement

What is the use of the preposition (par) in English?

The preposition (par) refers to by, through or per.

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