Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti 2023: Date, History, Importance, Celebration Across India

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valmiki jayanti 2023

Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti 2023 will be celebrated on 28th October all over India. Also known as Pargat Diwas, Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti is mostly celebrated by the Balmiki community in India as the birth anniversary of the ancient Indian poet and philosopher Valmiki. Valmiki is depicted as a mong wearing saffron robes and holding paper and a quill. Let’s explore more about this religious festival and why it is important.

Source – The Times of India

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Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti 2023 Date

28th October 2023 will be celebrated as Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti in India, particularly by people belonging to the Balmiki religious community. This day will be an optional holiday for all employees in India, where they are free to take a leave. Valmiki is widely regarded as the author of the Indian legend Ramayana.

Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti’s date is determined according to the Hindu lunisolar calendar, which takes into account the positions of both the sun and the moon. Specifically, it is observed on the full moon day (Purnima) in the Hindu month of Ashwin.

Source – Quora

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Valmiki is regarded as a sage and author of the ancient Indian epic Ramayan. He was one of the most revered poets and sages in Hindu tradition and is often referred to as the ‘Adi Kavi,’ which translates to the ‘first poet.’

According to ancient Hindu tradition, Maharishi Valmiki is believed to have lived during the Treta Yuga, an epoch in Hindu cosmology. Legend has it that he was initially a highway robber and a bandit, leading a life of crime before undergoing a transformation that led him to a path of spirituality and righteousness.


Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti is typically observed on the full moon day (Purnima) in the month of Ashwin, which falls during the months of September and October in the Gregorian calendar. This day holds significant importance among followers of Hinduism, who celebrate it with various rituals, prayers, and cultural events in honour of Maharishi Valmiki’s invaluable contributions to Indian literature and spirituality.

  • This day serves as a celebration of his literary legacy, one of which is Ramayana.
  • His life and teachings emphasize the significance of virtues such as righteousness, compassion, and devotion.
  • Valmiki Jayanti promotes cultural unity and harmony by bringing together people from diverse backgrounds.
  • Valmiki’s life journey, from a bandit to a revered sage, serves as an inspiration for personal transformation and redemption.


When to celebrate and observe Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti is calculated according to the Hindu lunisolar calendar. Unlike the Gregorian calendar, the Hindu calendar consists of a total of 360 days in a year, 30 days in each month. The table below highlights the dates of some of the recent dates on which Valmiki Jayanti was and will be celebrated.

Year DateDay
20283rd OctoberTuesday
202715th October Friday 
202626th OctoberMonday
20257th OctoberTuesday 
202417th OctoberThursday 
202328th OctoberSaturday
20229th OctoberSunday
202120th OctoberWednesday

Celebrations Across India

Valmiki Jayanti’s celebrations serve as a reminder of the essential virtues and values that he espoused, such as compassion, righteousness, and devotion.

  • Devotees visit Valmiki temples and offer prayers and floral tributes to Maharishi Valmiki.
  • Special ceremonies, including bhajan and kirtan sessions, are organized, emphasizing the spiritual significance of his teachings and the recitation of verses from the Ramayana.
  • In many regions, processions and rallies are organized, wherein people participate in large numbers, carrying banners and placards featuring Maharishi Valmiki’s teachings and life story.
  • Several educational and cultural institutions organize seminars, discourses, and workshops dedicated to Maharishi Valmiki and his literary contributions.
  • Activities such as organizing food drives, distributing clothes to the underprivileged, and conducting medical camps are undertaken to demonstrate the spirit of selfless service advocated by Maharishi Valmiki.

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What is the date for Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti 2023?

Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti 2023 will be celebrated on 28th October 2023 all over India.

Why do we celebrate Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti?

Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti is celebrated to honour and commemorate the birth anniversary of Maharishi Valmiki, who holds significant importance in Hindu tradition and Indian culture. This day is observed to pay homage to the great sage for his contributions to literature, spirituality, and moral teachings.

Is there any national holiday for Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti?

There is no national holiday on the eve of Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti. However, employees and students can take leave from work or school of they are taking part in any religious procession on this day.

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