When was Constitution of India Adopted?

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The Constitution of India is the longest constitution in the world. The Republic of India is governed according to this constitution. In this short blog we will learn when the Constitution of India was adopted and other information related to it. 

  •  The Constitution of India was adopted on November 12, 1949, by the Constituent Assembly of India. 
  • This date was chosen to commemorate the declaration of ‘Purna Swaraj in 1929’, an idea that was put forward by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • However, the Constitution of India came into force only on 26 January 1950.
  • The Constitution provides the country with a Parliamentary form of government. This government is federal in structure, also including certain unitary features. 
  • The Indian state was made into a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic. 
  • It took two years, eleven months and seventeen days for the constituent assembly to draft the Indian constitution. 
  • The Constituent Assembly met on 9 December 1946 for the first time.
  •  Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected the first President of this assembly.
  • Provincial Legislative Assemblies members elected the members of the Constituent Assembly.
  • The Objective Resolution was passed on the 13th of Dec 1946 by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. This worked as a set of guiding principles for framing the Constitution.

These were some of the main salient features of Indian Constitution. If you want to read more such articles, you can read our blog on Who Wrote the Constitution of India?

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