Primary Schooling in India: Meaning, Importance, Top Schools

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Primary Schooling in India

Primary schooling lays the foundation of our development and understanding of the world This phase of schooling prepares nascent minds for personal and social life. The availability of quality education during this phase empowers children to become sensitive and sensible adults of tomorrow. The provision of wholesome and comprehensive education to children in primary classes (Classes 1 to 5) will also add to the growth, development, and prosperity of the nation. Teachers or instructors must channel the energy of a child at this stage and help them explore new interest areas.

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Significance of Primary Schooling

The government of India has recognised the importance of primary education in its Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, (RTE) 2009. This Act guarantees free education to children enrolling in primary sections of schools. According to this act, the central, state, and local governments must establish primary schools for children. There is no screening procedure or capitation fee for admission to government schools offering primary education. In addition, the private schools of India also give the utmost importance to students of Classes 1 to 5. 

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Children exhibit maximum cerebral development in Classes 1 to 5. The importance of primary schooling is as follows:

  • Imbibes self-confidence and critical thinking ability among young minds.
  • Improves the communication and social skills of children.
  • Enables them to deal with emotional situations in daily life.
  • Make them curious about social surroundings.
  • Lays down the foundation of languages and arithmetic in the life of tiny adults.
  • Identification of a child’s talent and allow them to realise their talents to their full potential.
  • Development of mental and physical abilities of kids of primary classes.

Curriculum of Primary Education

The RTE Act lays down the curriculum for primary education in India. This basic structure is followed by the central government, state board, CICSE, and CBSE schools. The curriculum of primary schools is as follows:

  • The academic authority of the school will specify the subjects for each class.
  • The exams will be based on the defined curriculum by the affiliated board and school authority.
  • Evaluation of children from Classes 1 to 5 will be based on the all-round development of children.
  • The medium of instruction must be practicable and easy for the children.
  • There should be a continuous and comprehensive evaluation of the knowledge and understanding of young minds. 
  • Teachers must constantly encourage students to explore their talents and realise their academic potential while safeguarding the mental health and human rights of children.
  • Children and parents should have the liberty to raise reasonable queries with teachers and the school authorities.
  • Schools must ensure that all the Constitutional rights of parents and children are respected by the stakeholders of the academic institution. 

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Subjects in Primary Schooling

Basic subjects for students of Classes 1 to 5 are the same across all education boards. Important subjects in these classes are:

  • English
  • Hindi
  • Social Science
  • Science
  • Environmental Science
  • Basics of Computer
  • Mathematics
  • Arts and Crafts

Top Schools for Primary Schooling in India

There are numerous options for sublime education in India. Given below are some of the eminent schools for primary education in India. These schools are focused on the overall development of tiny humans who can shift mountains if nurtured with care and provided with comprehensive education. 

Schools Education BoardLocationType of School
The Asian SchoolCBSEDehradunCo-Ed; Boarding
St. Xavier’s Collegiate SchoolCISCEKolkataBoys; Day
Delhi Public School Vasant KunjCBSENew DelhiCo-Ed; Day-cum-Boarding
Delhi Public School RK PuramCBSENew DelhiCo-Ed; Day-cum-Boarding
Shree Swaminarayan Gurukul International SchoolCBSEHyderabadBoys; Day-cum-Boarding
Bombay Scottish SchoolCISCEMumbaiCo-Ed; Day
St. John’s High SchoolCBSEChandigarh Boys; Day
Sainik SchoolCBSEGhorakhalCo-Ed; Boarding
Greenwood International High SchoolIB; ICSE; IGCSEBangaloreCo-Ed; Day-cum-Boarding
Emerald Heights International SchoolCBSEIndoreCo-Ed; Day-cum-Boarding
The Scindia SchoolCBSEGwaliorBoys; Boarding
Scindia GirlsCBSEGwaliorGirls; Boarding
Mayo CollegeCBSEAjmerBoys; Boarding
Kendriya VidyalayaCBSEAll over IndiaCo-Ed; Boarding
Dayanand Arya Vedic Public School (DAV)CBSEAll over IndiaCo-Ed; Day
Atomic Energy Central SchoolCBSEJamshedpur; NarwapaharCo-Ed; Day
Air Force SchoolCBSEChandigarhCo-Ed; Day
Army Public SchoolCBSEDhilwanCo-Ed; Boarding
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Cantonment Board Senior Secondary SchoolCBSEDelhiCo-Ed; Day
The Shri Ram SchoolCICSEDelhiCo-Ed; Day
Jamnabai Narsee SchoolCICSEMumbaiCo-Ed; Day
Mallya Aditi International SchoolCICSEBangaloreCo-Ed; Day
The Valley SchoolCICSEBangaloreCo-Ed; Day
La Martiniere For BoysCICSEKolkataCo-Ed; Day
Hiranandani Foundation SchoolCICSEMumbaiCo-Ed; Day

Admission Process of Primary Schools in India

To procure admission to Classes 1 to 5, parents must visit the school website and the school to avail the admission brochure. The basic information about the admission procedure of primary classes is as follows:

  • Avail the application form for respective classes from the official website of the school or the school office.
  • Fill out the application form.
  • Submit the required documents and photographs of the child.
  • Certain schools, especially private schools, have a written test and an interview round for parents and the child.
  • List of selected children is published on the website or put up on the notice board of the school.
  • Parents then have to submit the admission fees and other mandatory charges.

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Fees of Top Primary Classes in India

Parents are recommended to refer to the admission brochure of each school to learn about the exact fee structure of each primary school class. The below-mentioned cost of new admission is subject to change and it varies each academic year. 

Schools Total Cost for New Admission
The Asian School, DehradunINR 80,500
St. Xavier’s Collegiate SchoolINR 40,000
Mayo College/Mayo College Girl’s SchoolINR 1.07 lakh
Delhi Public SchoolINR 1.60 lakh
Kendriya VidyalayaINR 25
DAV Public SchoolINR 15,000
Army Public SchoolINR 50,000 to INR 1 lakh
La Martiniere For BoysINR 1.5 lakh
The Scindia SchoolINR 2 lakh
The Shriram SchoolINR 75,000
The Valley SchoolINR 27,000
Hiranandani Foundation SchoolINR 1.20 lakh


Q1. What is the importance of primary schools in India?

Ans. Primary schooling empowers children to become sensitive and responsible adults of tomorrow. Kids also learn the basics of languages, arithmetic, social science, science, and computers during Classes 1 to 5. 

Q2. What is meant by primary education in India?

Ans. Primary education in India is focused on the holistic development of tiny humans. Primary schooling curriculum helps children realise their potential and identify their talents. 

Q3. Which education board is best for primary schooling in India?

Ans. ICSE, CBSE, Central Government, and State Government-affiliated schools are suitable for primary education in India. 

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