NCERT Solutions Class 8 Civics Chapter 7 Public Facilities (Free PDF)

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NCERT Solutions Class 8 Civics Chapter 7 Public Facilities

In NCERT Solutions Class 8 Chapter 7 Public Facilities, you will get answers to questions on different pages and the ‘Exercises’ section of the lesson. These answers will help you understand key concepts of the chapter and score excellent marks in your school examinations. Also, some questions are left for you to answer on your own. By answering these questions, you will be able to analyse your understanding of the Class 8 Civics Chapter 7. 

Chapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4
Chapter 5Chapter 6Chapter 7Chapter 8

Important Questions and Answers in NCERT Class 8 Civics Chapter 7: Public Facilities 

Let us dive into NCERT Solutions Class 8 Chapter 7 Public Facilities to questions in different sections of the lesson. 

Questions on Page No. 96

Ques 1. Do you think that lack of access to proper sanitation facilities affects peoples’ lives? How?

Ans: The lack of proper sanitation facilities has a severe impact on people’s lives. Here’s how:

  • Health Problems: Without toilets and proper sewage disposal, human waste contaminates water sources and surroundings. This leads to the spread of waterborne diseases like diarrhoea, cholera, and typhoid, causing immense suffering, especially for children.
  • Women and Children Most Vulnerable: Open defecation, a common practice due to lack of toilets, exposes women and girls to safety risks like harassment and assault. Additionally, managing menstruation in unsanitary conditions becomes a major challenge for them.
  • Economic Impact: Diseases caused by poor sanitation lead to lost workdays, reduced productivity, and increased healthcare costs for families. This puts a strain on household finances and perpetuates the cycle of poverty.
  • Social Stigma: In some communities, open defecation is linked to social stigma, particularly for women. This can lead to feelings of shame and exclusion.

Ques 2. Why do you think that this would impact women and girls more acutely?

Ans: In India, poor sanitation disproportionately harms women and girls. The lack of toilets forces them to defecate in the open, exposing them to harassment and violence. Managing periods hygienically becomes difficult, leading to infections.  This impacts their health and restricts their movement and education, limiting their opportunities.

Chapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4
Chapter 5Chapter 6Chapter 7Chapter 8

NCERT Solutions Class 8 Civics Chapter 7 Public Facilities 

Herein, we have NCERT Solutions Class 8 Civics Chapter 7 Public Facilities to questions in the ‘Exercise’ part of the lesson. 


Ques 1. Why do you think there are so few cases of private water supply in the world?

Ans: Since clean water is vital, everyone should have access to it at a reasonable price or for free. However, when private companies took over water supplies, prices skyrocketed, making it unaffordable for many. This led to protests and riots, forcing governments to reclaim control of water distribution. As a result, private water management is uncommon globally.

Ques 2. Do you think water in Chennai is available to and affordable by all? Discuss.

Ans: Access to water is not uniform among residents of Chennai. The municipal water supply, unable to meet the full demand, results in inconsistent distribution. While certain areas receive regular water, many face erratic supply. The affluent resort to purchasing bottled water or arranging tanker deliveries, placing a disproportionate burden on the poor who cannot afford these options. Proximity to storage facilities determines the amount of water received, with distant neighbourhoods receiving less.

Ques 3. How is the sale of water by farmers to water dealers in Chennai affecting the local people? Do you think local people can object to such exploitation of ground water? Can the government do anything in this regard?

Ans: Water scarcity in Chennai has created a market for private water suppliers. These companies truck in water from surrounding areas, like northern towns such as Karungizhi Palur and Mamandur village. They strike deals with farmers, paying them in advance for access to groundwater sources on their land. This practice not only harms agriculture by reducing available water but also worsens the villages’ drinking water shortage. The constant extraction has caused a significant decline in groundwater levels across these communities.

The Chennai water crisis caused by private suppliers highlights a need for government intervention on multiple fronts:

  • Regulation of private water suppliers through a transparent permit system and regulated pricing.
  • Mandate sustainable water extraction practices for private suppliers. 
  • Promote water conservation efforts in Chennai.
  • Explore alternative water sources for Chennai. 
  • Conduct environmental impact assessments before granting permits to private water suppliers. 

4. Why are most of the private hospitals and private schools located in major cities and not in towns or rural areas?

Ans: Private hospitals and schools set up shop where the money is. Cities have more people with high incomes who can afford their pricier services. Plus, cities often have more specialists and better facilities for these places to run smoothly. In smaller towns and villages, there just are not enough people who can pay the higher costs.

Ques 5. Do you think the distribution of public facilities in our country is adequate and fair? Give an example of your own to explain.

Ans: The distribution of public facilities in India varies considerably. Urban areas often have better access to facilities like hospitals and schools compared to rural areas. Even in urban areas, there are disparities. Affluent people have access to clean drinking water, well-maintained roads, round-the-clock electricity supply, and safety. Whereas, people from low-income groups live in inhumane conditions. Government initiatives aim to improve rural infrastructure, but challenges remain.

2nd part of the question: Do it yourself. 

Ques 6. Take some of the public facilities in your area, such as water, electricity, etc. Is there scope to improve these? What in your opinion should be done? Complete the table.

Basic AmenitiesIs it available?How can it be improved?
Public Transport

Ans: Do it yourself.

Ques 7. Are the above public facilities shared equally by all the people in your area? Elaborate.

Ans: Here is how you can answer this question:

Access to essential facilities is not distributed evenly across different areas. Water supply, in particular, is not equally accessible to all residents. In slum areas, inhabitants typically rely on a single communal water tap, whereas middle-class neighbourhoods benefit from individual water connections for each household. While middle-class households can afford to purchase water from tankers when needed, those living in slums face financial constraints that prevent them from doing so. However, amenities such as electricity, roads, and public transportation are uniformly available to all residents.

Ques 8. Data on some of the public facilities are collected as part of the Census. Discuss with your teacher when and how the Census is conducted.

Ans: Discuss with your teachers and answer the question.

Ques 9. Private educational institutions – schools, colleges, universities, technical and vocational training institutes are coming up in our country in a big way. On the other hand, educational institutes run by the government are becoming relatively less important. What do you think would be the  impact of this? Discuss.

Ans: Education is a fundamental necessity, and it should be universally accessible. However, private educational institutions primarily focus on profit-making, leading to high tuition fees that only the wealthy can afford. Consequently, access to quality education is predominantly reserved for the affluent class. Similarly, if government-run educational institutions fail to meet standards, individuals from marginalized backgrounds are once again denied access to quality education. As a result, there exists a disparity in the quality of education between the wealthy and the economically disadvantaged.

Chapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4
Chapter 5Chapter 6Chapter 7Chapter 8
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Q1. What are public facilities Class 8 Civics?

Ans: Facilities such as electricity, public transportation, and educational institutions like schools and colleges which are essential for daily life and survival are known as public facilities. They are provided for the benefit of the community, allowing many people to share in their advantages.

Q2. Where can I download NCERT Class 8 Civics Chapter 7?

Ans: You can download NCERT Class 8 Civics chapters from the official website of NCERT.

Q3. Where can I download NCERT Solutions Class 8 Civics Chapter 7 Public Facilities?

Ans: You can download NCERT solutions at 

Follow Leverage Edu for complete study material on CBSE Notes of Class 8 Civics.

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