Essay on Tiger: The tiger is our national animal, locally known as ‘Baagh’ and its scientific name is ‘Panthera Tigris’. This predator is listed among the most amazing creatures on the planet and is the largest member of the cat family. Tigers are strong, powerful, and beautiful creatures only found in specific locations. Unfortunately, tigers are on the brink of extinction because of things like illegal hunting poaching, and habitat loss. According to the 2022 census, there are 3167 tigers in India, which is a significant improvement in their population. The government has taken various measures to save this beautiful animal from extinction.
Also Read: International Tiger’s Day
Why Should We Save Tigers?
In India, there are a total of 54 Tiger Reserves. Tigers are one of the few animals that play a crucial role in maintaining the balance in our biodiversity. Tigers are known as the largest member of the Cat Family, where a Male Tiger weighs about 100 – 260 kg and a Female Tiger weighs about 75 – 177 kg.
To learn more about ¨Why Should We Save Tigers¨ in short and simple words, consider the following points:
- Tigers play a vital role in our ecosystem because their landscape provides multiple services to humans and animals. Tiger reserve areas work as life-saving habitats as they reduce the risk of disasters like floods, landslides, tidal surges, etc.
- Saving tigers means saving the entire biodiversity of a particular region. Tigers co-exist with endangered and vulnerable animals like one-horner rhinos, elephants, etc.
- In India, the Tiger has cultural importance, as there are regional communities who worship the tiger as their protector. Some of the communities are the Garo tribe of Meghalaya, the Gond tribe of MP and Tulunadus of Karnataka.
The Government of India passed the 1972 Wildlife Protection Act to protect and preserve various animal and plant species. In 1973, the government launched Project Tiger to increase the tiger population in India.
Take a look at the table below, which highlights the names of tiger reserves in India, and the tiger population in those reserves:
|Names of Tiger Reserves
|Ranthambore Tiger Reserve (Rajasthan)
|Bandhavgarh National Park (Madhya Pradesh)
|Sundarban Tiger Reserve (West Bengal)
|88 to 100
|Rajaji Tiger Reserve (Uttarakhand)
|Panna National Park (Madhya Pradesh)
Also Read: Essay on Cow for All Classes
International Tiger’s Day
Every year, the 29th of July is celebrated as International Tiger Day or Global Tiger Day. This day is observed to raise awareness for tiger conservation and how important this big cat is to our environment. Tigers are mostly found in Africa and Asia. The Royal Bengal Tiger is one of the most popular breeds, founded in the Sundarbans, near the India-Bangladesh border.
Tigers are on the verge of extinction because of illegal hunting and poaching. India has taken strong measures to preserve tigers with its 1973 Project Tiger, which led to the establishment of around 50 Tiger reserves in India. Apart from raising awareness for tiger conservation, International Tiger’s Day also highlights their economic, environmental and cultural significance.
Facts About Tigers
Let us learn some interesting facts about Tigers:
- There are a total of 6 Tiger breeds: Bengal, Indochinese, Malayan, Siberian (Amur), South China, and Sumatran tigers.
- Tigers are the largest members of the cat family (Felidae).
- Tigers are known for their striking coat patterns of dark vertical stripes on an orange background.
- Like human fingerprints, the stripe pattern on each tiger is unique.
- Tigers can swim long distances and have been known to cross rivers and lakes in search of prey or to establish territories.
- Tigers are powerful and agile hunters. They have a stealthy approach, relying on their keen senses of sight and hearing, and can leap up to 10 feet in a single bound.
- Tigers are known for their variety of vocalizations, including roars, growls, hisses, and chuffing sounds.
Ans: Tigers are fearless predators and are the largest in the cat family, Their scientific name is Panthera Tigris and in India, they are locally known as Baagh. Tigers are an endangered animal as only a number of these animals exist today. In 1972, the Government of India passed the Wildlife Preservation Act to preserve and protect the rich flora and fauna of India. The next year, the 1973 Project Tiger was launched to raise awareness about tiger conservation. There are a total of 6 Tiger breeds: Bengal, Indochinese, Malayan, Siberian (Amur), South China, and Sumatran tigers. Tigers are the largest members of the cat family (Felidae). Tigers are known for their striking coat patterns of dark vertical stripes on an orange background.
Ans: The International or Global Tiger Day is observed on 29th July every year to raise awareness about tiger conservation and their environmental, cultural, and economic importance.
Ans: According to the 2022 census, the tiger population in India stands at 3176.