Important Chapters for JEE Mains: Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics

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Important Chapters for JEE Mains Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics

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About JEE Mains Exam

Before we delve into the essential chapters, let’s understand the JEE Mains exam a bit better. JEE Mains is a comprehensive examination that tests your knowledge and problem-solving skills in three main subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. This exam is the first step towards getting into prestigious engineering colleges like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs).

The JEE Mains exam is known for its rigour and competitiveness. It comprises multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and numerical questions. Each correct answer fetches you four marks, while a wrong answer deducts one mark. An unattempted question doesn’t affect your score.

JEE Mains Syllabus: Overview

The JEE Main 2024 syllabus is structured into three main subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. A substantial portion of this syllabus aligns with the NCERT syllabus for Classes 11 and 12. Therefore, a strong foundation in these NCERT concepts is crucial for JEE aspirants. 

For detailed, concept-wise JEE Main 2024 syllabus, you can download this pdf- Click Here!

Most Important Chapters for JEE Mains Physics 

Following are some most important chapters for JEE Mains Physics that you mustn’t skip!

Physics and MeasurementUnderstanding units, dimensions, and error analysis.
KinematicsMotion in one, two, and three dimensions.
GravitationGravitational field, potential, and satellites.
Laws of MotionNewton’s laws, friction, circular motion.
Work and EnergyEnergy, conservation laws, power.
ThermodynamicsLaws of thermodynamics, heat transfer.
OscillationsSimple harmonic motion, wave motion.
WavesWave characteristics, sound waves.
ElectrostaticsElectric charges, fields, potential.
Current ElectricityElectric current, circuits, resistance.
Magnetic Effect of Current and MagnetismMagnetic fields, Biot-Savart law, Ampere’s law.
Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic spectrum, wave properties.
OpticsReflection, refraction, optical instruments.
Modern PhysicsDual nature of matter, atoms, nuclei.
Electronic DevicesSemiconductors, transistors, diodes.

Must Read: Top Universities in India 2022 & Stream-wise Rankings

Tips to Prepare for JEE Mains Physics

  1. Understand Concepts: Physics is all about understanding the underlying principles and concepts. Don’t just memorise formulas; know how and why they work.
  2. Problem Solving: Physics involves solving numerical problems. Practice a wide variety of problems to improve your problem-solving skills.
  3. Diagrams and Visualizations: Use diagrams and visual aids to understand complex concepts. Visualization can make understanding physics much easier.
  4. Online Resources: Utilize online resources such as video tutorials and simulations to reinforce your understanding of difficult topics.
  5. Previous Year Papers: Solve previous year’s JEE Mains papers to get a feel for the exam pattern and the types of questions that are asked.
  6. Study Groups: Collaborate with peers in study groups. Discussing challenging topics with others can provide different perspectives and help you understand better.

Most Important Chapters for JEE Mains Chemistry

Check out the most weightage chapters for JEE Mains Chemistry-

Basic Concepts in ChemistryAtomic structure, chemical bonding.
States of MatterGases, liquids, solids, intermolecular forces.
Chemical ThermodynamicsFirst law, second law, Gibbs free energy.
EquilibriumChemical equilibrium, Le Chatelier’s principle.
ElectrochemistryRedox reactions, conductance, Nernst equation.
Chemical KineticsRate of reaction, order, activation energy.
Chemical BondingLewis structure, VSEPR theory.
Coordination CompoundsCoordination chemistry, isomerism.
Organic Chemistry: HydrocarbonsAlkanes, alkenes, alkynes.
Organic Chemistry: Alkyl HalidesHalogen derivatives, elimination reactions.
Organic Chemistry: Organic CompoundsAlcohols, phenols, ethers, epoxides.
Inorganic Chemistry: p-Block ElementsGroup 15 to 18 elements, and their properties.
Inorganic Chemistry: d- and f-Block ElementsTransition metals, lanthanides, actinides.
BiomoleculesCarbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids.
PolymersClassification, properties, and applications.
Chemistry in Everyday LifeChemicals in medicines, food, cleaning agents.

Tips to Prepare for JEE Mains Chemistry

  1. Periodic Table Mastery: For topics like the periodic table and periodicity, understand the patterns and trends in properties. This is essential for both inorganic and physical chemistry.
  2. Use Molecular Models: In organic chemistry, use molecular models or visual aids to understand the three-dimensional structure of molecules.
  3. Mechanism Practice: Focus on understanding and practising reaction mechanisms in organic chemistry. This is key to mastering the subject.
  4. Physical Chemistry Equations: In physical chemistry, focus on equations, thermodynamics, and concepts like chemical equilibrium.
  5. Stay Updated: For environmental chemistry, stay informed about current environmental issues as they often relate to the questions in this section.

Most Important Chapters for JEE Mains Maths

If you’re sitting for JEE Mains this year, do not miss on most weightage chapters for JEE Mains Maths!

Sets, Relations, and FunctionsSets, functions, relations, equivalence.
Complex NumbersComplex numbers, modulus, argument.
Quadratic EquationsQuadratic equations, roots, nature of roots.
MatricesTypes of matrices, operations.
Permutations and CombinationsFundamental principle, factorial.
Mathematical InductionInductive reasoning, proofs.
Binomial TheoremBinomial expansion, properties.
Sequences and SeriesArithmetic and geometric progressions.
Limits and ContinuityLimit of a function, continuity.
DifferentiabilityDifferentiation, rules, applications.
Application of DerivativesRate of change, tangents, normals.
Indefinite IntegrationIntegration, rules, methods.
Definite IntegrationDefinite integrals, properties.
Area under CurvesArea between curves, differential equations.
Differential EquationsFirst-order, linear, separable equations.
Vector AlgebraVector addition, dot and cross products.
3D GeometryCoordinate geometry in three dimensions.
ProbabilityProbability theory, random variables.
StatisticsMean, variance, standard deviation.
Mathematical ReasoningLogical reasoning, sets, relations.
Linear ProgrammingOptimization, constraints.

Tips to Prepare for JEE Mains Maths

  1. Strong Fundamentals: Mathematics is all about fundamentals. Ensure you have a solid understanding of the basics before moving to advanced topics.
  2. Diverse Problem Types: Practice a variety of problems in all topics to improve your problem-solving skills. JEE Mains often tests your ability to apply concepts to different types of problems.
  3. Visual Aids: For geometry and trigonometry, use diagrams and visual aids to comprehend complex concepts. Visualization can make these topics much more accessible.
  4. Regular Revision: Regularly revise formulas and concepts to ensure you retain what you’ve learned.
  5. Time Management: Work on your time management skills during practice sessions. JEE Mains has a time constraint, so practising with time limits is crucial.

JEE Mains Exam Pattern

JEE Main consists of two papers – Paper 1 for B.Tech/B.E. and Paper 2 for B.Arch/B.Plan. Paper 2 is further divided into two parts, Paper 2A for B.Arch and Paper 2B for B.Plan. Let’s discuss both-

JEE Mains 2024 Exam Pattern for BTech/BE (Paper 1)

Catch a glimpse of JEE Mains 2024 Exam Pattern of Paper 1 and choose important chapters for JEE Mains that you need to prepare for wisely!

Exam modeOnline (Computer based)
Number of sections and subjects3 (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics)
Duration of exam3 hours (180 minutes)
4 hours for PwD candidates
Type of questionsMCQs: 4 options with only 1 correct option
Numerical Value Questions: Questions whose answers are to be filled in as a numerical value
Section A (MCQ)Mathematics: 20
Physics: 20
Chemistry: 20
Section B (Numerical Value)In Section B, candidates have to attempt any five questions out of 10.Mathematics: 10
Physics: 10
Chemistry: 10
How many questions in JEE Mains90
JEE Mains Total Marks300 marks
Language of paperAssamese, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Hindi, English, and Gujarati

Did You Know: The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Mains is not just for Indian students. It has gained international recognition, and NRI (Non-Resident Indian) and foreign national students can also take the JEE Mains!

JEE Mains 2024 Exam Pattern for BArch/BPlan (Paper 2)

Catch a glimpse of JEE Mains 2024 Exam Pattern of Paper 2 and choose important chapters for JEE Mains that you need to prepare for wisely!

ParticularsB.Arch Exam PatternB.Planning Exam Pattern
Exam modeOnline (Mathematics and Aptitude) and offline (Drawing test)Online
Number of sections and subjects3 (Drawing, Mathematics, and Aptitude)3 (Mathematics, Aptitude, and Planning Based Questions)
Duration of exam3 hours (180 minutes)3 hours (180 minutes)
SectionsMathematics (Part I) 20 MCQ and 10 Numerical Value Questions, Aptitude Test (Part II) 50, Drawing Test (Part III) 02Mathematics: 20 questions and 10 Numerical Value Questions, Aptitude: 50, Planning Based Questions: 25
Number of questions82105
Type of questionsMathematics and Aptitude: Objective-type questions, Drawing: Questions to test the candidate’s drawing and sketching skillsMathematics and Aptitude, Planning-Based Questions – Multiple-Choice Questions
Total Marks of JEE Mains400 marks (Drawing section will be of a total of 100 marks, marking of every question will be given along with it)400
Language of paperAssamese, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu in addition to Hindi, English, and GujaratiAssamese, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu in addition to Hindi, English, and Gujarati

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Also Read: BTech Engineering Entrance Exams in India: 2023


What are the important chapters for JEE Mains?

The important chapters for JEE Mains include topics like “Vectors,” “Electrostatics,” and “Thermodynamics” in Physics; “Organic Chemistry,” “Chemical Bonding,” and “Coordination Compounds” in Chemistry; and “Calculus,” “Algebra,” and “Coordinate Geometry” in Mathematics. However, it’s essential to note that the entire syllabus is crucial, and your preparation should cover all topics.

What is the JEE Mains syllabus for 2024?

The JEE Mains syllabus for 2024 comprises three subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. It encompasses topics from both Class 11 and Class 12, covering a wide range of concepts. You can find the detailed syllabus on the official JEE Mains website, including specific chapters and subtopics.

How should I prepare for JEE Mains considering the important chapters and syllabus?

To prepare for JEE Mains effectively, start by covering the entire syllabus systematically. Focus on mastering the fundamental concepts in each chapter. For the important chapters, allocate more time and practice solving a variety of problems. Additionally, take regular mock tests and solve previous years’ question papers to gauge your preparation level and improve your time management skills.


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