⏳ History Mains Questions UPSC – All Sections, Year Wise!

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There are many subjects that are covered in the UPSC exam. These subjects are Economics, Philosophy, General Science, Anthropology and History. If you’re preparing for the UPSC exam History section, I’ve got some History Previous Year Questions UPSC Mains – Year-Wise that you can practice. Don’t worry if you find some of these questions challenging – remember that practice makes perfect. So, let’s get started and ace this exam together!

✍️ History Previous Year Questions UPSC Mains – Year-Wise

UPSC mains aspirants, take note! Here are some history questions from previous exams to help you prepare. Practice these to enhance your knowledge and excel in your academic pursuits.

🌏 World History

Below, some previous years’ World History UPSC questions are available for practice:


1. Explain how the foundation of the modern world was laid by the American and French Revolutions.


  1. The anti-colonial struggles in West Africa were led by the new elite of Western-educated Africans. Examine.


  1. Why did the Industrial Revolution first occur in England? Discuss the quality of life of the people there during industrialization. How does it compare with that in India at present?
  2. To what extent can Germany be held responsible for causing the two World Wars? Discuss critically


  1. What were the major political, economic and social developments in the world which motivated the anti-colonial struggle in India?
  2. What were the events that led to the Suez Crisis in 1956? How did it deal a final blow to Britain’s self-image as a world power?
  3. The New Economic Policy – 1921 of Lenin had influenced the policies adopted by India soon after independence. Evaluate.


  1. “The Latecomer” Industrial Revolution in Japan involved certain factors that were markedly different from what the West had experienced.
  2. Africa was chopped into states artificially created by the accident of European competition. Analyse.
  3. American Revolution was an economic revolt against mercantilism. Substantiate.
  4. What policy instruments were deployed to contain the great economic depression?

🏳Freedom Struggle


  1. Many voices had strengthened and enriched the nationalist movement during the Gandhian phase. Elaborate.


  1. Why did the ‘Moderates’ fail to carry conviction with the nation about their proclaimed ideology and political goals by the end of the nineteenth century?
  2. The women’s questions arose in modern India as a part of the 19th-century social reform movement. What are the major issues and debates concerning women in that period?


  1. Explain how the Uprising of 1857 constitutes an important watershed in the evolution of British policies towards colonial India.
  2. Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase.
  3. Highlight the differences in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom.


  1. How different would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi? Discuss.
  2. It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years but for the experience gained with the Government of India Act, of 1935. Discuss.


  1. The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761. Why were so many empire-shaking battles fought at Panipat?
  2. Examine critically the various facets of economic policies of the British in India from the mid-eighteenth century till independence.
  3. In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India?


  1. Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became the torch bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. Discuss.
  2. Several foreigners made India their homeland and participated in various movements. Analyze their role in the Indian struggle for freedom.
  3. In many ways, Lord Dalhousie was the founder of modern India. Elaborate.

Also Read: How to Prepare for UPSC 2024 at Home?

📃 Modern History


  1. The Revolt of 1857 was the culmination of the recurrent big and small local rebellions that had occurred in the preceding hundred years of British rule.


  1. Why indentured labour was taken by the British from India to other colonies? Have they been able to preserve their cultural identity over there?


  1. Clarify how mid-eighteenth-century India was beset with the specter of a fragmented polity.

📝 Post-Independence 


  1. Examine the linkages between the nineteenth century’s “Indian Renaissance” and the emergence of national identity.


  1. Throw light on the significance of the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi in the present times.
  2. Discuss whether the formation of new states in recent times is beneficial or not for the economy of India.


  1. Highlight the importance of the new objectives that were added to the vision of Indian Independence since the twenties of the last century.
  2. Distinguish between religiousness/religiosity and communalism in post-independent India giving one example of how the former has been transformed into the latter in independent India.


  1. Critically discuss the objectives of the Bhoodan and Gramdan movements initiated by Acharya Vinoba Bhave and their success.
  2. Write a critical note on the evolution and significance of the slogan “Jai Jawana Jai Kisan”.
  3. Discuss the contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to pre- and post-independent India.
  4. Analyze the circumstances that led to the Tashkent Agreement in 1966. Discuss the highlights of the agreement.
  5. Critically examine the compulsions which prompted India to play decisive roles in the emergence of Bangladesh.

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📌 Important UPSC Mains Modern History Topics

Below, you can find a list of UPSC’s main modern history topics that are seen as repetitive in the examination

How To Prepare for UPSC History Majors?

Along with knowing and solving the question papers, here are some tips that you can refer to:

  1. Make a checklist of all the historical sites from all the ages.
  2. Read and learn from the authentic source.
  3. Manage your time.
  4. Learn the history according to the timeline.
  5. Link all the contexts.

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Does UPSC repeat questions in mains?

Yes, there are various questions that are repetitive in the UPSC CSE Mains.

How many questions are asked from ancient history in UPSC mains?

Every Year at least 2-3 questions are asked for the UPSC Mains.

Is History difficult for UPSC?

Candidates who have an interest in this subject and are familiar with it will find it easy to study.

This was all about the “UPSC Question Bank for History Mains”. For more such informative blogs, check out our IGNOU Admission & Student Help Centre Page, or you can learn more about us by visiting our Indian University page.

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