10 Important Monuments in India for Competitive Exams

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Important Monuments in India

India’s rich cultural diversity and traditions are visible in its historical monuments. The real supporting foundations of exceptional artistic ability in India are these monuments. India is a country rich in historical buildings, temples, palaces, and regal homes. In India, a great deal of the historical works are remnants of the country’s cultural past. This article talks about Important Monuments in India that candidates would find highly useful when getting ready for the GK Section of Competitive Exams.

For example: On October 2, 2019, Tourism Minister Prahlad Patel declared that single-use plastic will not be permitted on historical monument properties or within 100 meters of them. The UPSC posed numerous factual questions in the IAS Prelims test concerning Indian monuments. An essential static GK topic is Important Monuments in India. Read this article to go through the list of important monuments in India, which will help in the preparation for competitive exams such as Railways, SSC, UPSC, Defence Exams (AFCAT, NDA, CDS ), and more. 

Practice Questions on Important Monuments in India

Here we have listed out several questions to practice on Important Monuments in India:

1. Golghar, located in Patna, Bihar, was built by:

A) British Govt.

B) Pervez Shah

C) Mir Muhammad Aliwal Khan

D) Rani Ahilyabai

Answer: A) British Govt

2. Who is credited with the construction of Charar-E-Sharif in Budgam, Jammu and Kashmir?

A) Zainul Abedin

B) Asaf Ali

C) Jahangir

D) Gupta rulers

Answer: A) Zainul Abedin

3. The famous Gateway Of India in Mumbai was built by:

A) Mahatma Gandhi

B) British Govt.

C) Rashtrakuta rulers

D) Buddhists

Answer: B) British Govt

4. Golden Temple in Amritsar, Punjab, was founded by:

A) Guru Ramdas

B) Qutubuddin Aibak

C) Raja Surajmal Singh

D) Guru Nanak

Answer: A) Guru Ramdas

5. The historic City of Palaces, Mysore, features which famous monument?

A) Red Fort

B) Mysore Palace

C) Gateway of India

D) Gol Gumbaz

Answer: B) Mysore Palace

6. Who built the famous Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmadabad, Gujarat?

A) Mahatma Gandhi

B) Raja Bhagwan Das

C) Mir Muhammad Aliwal Khan

D) Qutubuddin Aibak

Answer: A) Mahatma Gandhi

7. Which ruler constructed the Hawa Mahal in Jaipur, Rajasthan?

A) Sawai Jai Singh

B) Maharaja Pratap Singh

C) Rao Jodha

D) Maharana Kumbha

Answer: A) Sawai Jai Singh

8. The famous Sun Temple in Konark, Odisha, was built by:

A) Zainul Abedin

B) Raja Surajmal Singh

C) Narasimhadeva I

D) Asaf Ali

Answer: C) Narasimhadeva I

9. Who is credited with the construction of Qutub Minar in Delhi?

A) Shahjahan

B) Qutubuddin Aibak

C) Ferozshan Tughlaq

D) Alauddin Khilji

Answer: B) Qutubuddin Aibak

10. The Victoria Memorial in Kolkata, West Bengal, was built during the colonial era by:

A) Swami Vivekananda

B) Rabindranath Tagore

C) British Govt.

D) Shahjahan

Answer: C) British Govt

Must Read: Basic General Knowledge of Competitive Exams

Top 10 Important Monuments in India

India boasts a rich cultural history with UNESCO-recognized monuments like the iconic Taj Mahal, the sacred Golden Temple, and the cultural marvel of Hawa Mahal. These historical gems showcase India’s diverse heritage. Explore the history through these must-see landmarks that stand as testaments to the country’s profound cultural legacy.

Monument Location Description
1.Taj MahalAgraA white marble monument was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife. Enlisted in the Seven Wonders of the World.
2.Golden TempleAmritsarHoliest shrine and pilgrimage place for Sikhs. Known as Harmandir Sahib, is adorned with a rich history and gold-gilded exterior.
3.Meenakshi TempleMaduraiDedicated to Parvati and Shiva, visited by Hindu and Tamil devotees. Known for its 33,000 sculptures in 14 gopurams.
4.Mysore PalaceMysoreA famous historical monument in Karnataka is known as the City of Palaces. Features spacious halls, art paintings, and Indo-Saracenic style architecture.
5.Gateway of IndiaMumbaiA popular gathering spot in Mumbai, built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to Bombay. Known as the Taj Mahal of Mumbai.
6.Red FortNew DelhiUNESCO World Heritage Site in the center of Delhi. Built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, housing museums and red sandstone walls. The best time to visit on Independence Day.
7.Hawa MahalJaipurKnown as the Palace of Winds, a unique five-story structure built from red and pink sandstones by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1799. Prominent tourist attraction in Jaipur.
8.Qutub MinarNew DelhiOne of the tallest towers in the world, and the second tallest Minar in India. Stands at 72.5 meters with 379 stairs, representing rich Indian architecture. UNESCO World Heritage Site with red sandstone and inscriptions.
9.Sanchi StupaSanchiAlso known as the Great Stupa, a world-renowned Buddhist monument in Sanchi, constructed by Emperor Ashoka. Houses Buddhist Stupas, monasteries, and temples.
10.CharminarHyderabadA majestic mosque with four minarets, constructed in 1591. The most recognizable symbol in the city of Hyderabad.
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List of Other Important Monuments in India

India is an amazing travel destination that offers a wide variety of experiences to its guests. India offers a multitude of cultural monuments built hundreds of years ago, ranging from the Taj Mahal, one of the wonders of the world, to palaces and forts.

One example of an architectural masterpiece is the Statue of Unity. On October 31, 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi dedicated the Statue of Unity in celebration of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s 143rd birthday.

It took 11 years to construct and is 177 feet taller than the second-highest Buddha statue in the world, located in China’s Spring Temple. With a height of 182 meters, the Statue of Unity is the highest building in the world. Below we have listed down some of the major historical monuments in India.

StateMonumentPlaceBuilt by
BiharGolgharPatnaBritish Govt.
Pathar Ki MasjidPatnaPervez Shah
Sher Shah’s TombSasaramMir Muhammad Aliwal Khan
Vishnupad Temple
GayaRani Ahilyabai
DelhiFeroz Shah KotlaDelhiFerozshan Tughlaq
Hauz KhasDelhiAlauddin Khilji
Humayun TombDelhiEmpress Bega Begum
Jama MasjidDelhiShahjahan
Jantar-MantarDelhiSawai Jai Singh
Khirki MasjidDelhiGhyasuddin Tughlaq
Lakshmi Narayan TempleDelhiBirla Family
Moti MasjidDelhiAurangzeb
President HouseDelhiBritish Govt.
Purana QilaDelhiSher Shah Suri
Qutub MinarDelhiQutubuddin Aibak
Red FortDelhiShahjahan
Safdarjung Tomb
GujaratSabarmati Ashram
AhmadabadMahatma Gandhi
Jammu and KashmirCharar-E- SharifBudgamZainul Abedin
Nishat GardenSrinagarAsaf Ali
Shalimar Garden
KarnatakaGol Gumbaz
BijapurYaqut of Dabul
MaharashtraAjanta- Ellora CavesAurangabadGupta rulers
Bibi Ka MaqbaraAurangabadAurangzeb
Elephanta CaveMumbaiRashtrakuta rulers
Gateway Of IndiaMumbaiBritish Govt.
Kanheri Fort
OdishaJagannath TemplePuriAnantavarman Ganga
Sun Temple
KonarkNarasimhadeva I
PunjabGolden Temple
AmritsarGuru Ramdas
RajasthanAdhai Din Ka JhonpraAjmerQutubuddin Aibak
Bharatpur FortBharatpurRaja Surajmal Singh
Ajmer Sharif DargahAjmerSultan Shyasuddin
Dilwara Jain TempleMount AbuSiddharaja
Hawa MahalJaipurMaharaja Pratap Singh
Jaigarh FortJaipurSawai Jai Singh
Jodhpur FortJodhpurRao Jodha
Nahargarh FortJaipurSawai Jai Singh
Vijaya Stambha
ChittorgarhMaharana Kumbha
Tamil NaduSaint George Fort
ChennaiEast India Company
TelanganaChar- MinarHyderabadQuli Qutub Shah
Makka Masjid
HyderabadQuli Qutub Shah
Uttar PradeshAgra FortAgraAkbar
Akbar Rsquo TombSikandraAkbar
Anand BhawanAllahabadMotilal Nehru
Aram BaghAgraBabur
Bada ImambaraLucknowAsaf-ud-daula
Chhota ImambaraLucknowMuhammad Ali Shah
Deewan-E- KhasAgra FortShahjahan
Fatehpur SikriAgraAkbar
Tomb of Itmad-Ud-DaulaAgraNurjahan
Jama MasjidAgraShahjahan
Moti MasjidAgraShahjahan
Sati BurjMathuraRaja Bhagwan Das
Shish MahalAgraShahjahan
Taj Mahal
West BengalShantiniketanWest BengalRabindranath Tagore
Belur MathKolkataSwami Vivekananda
Victoria MemorialKolkataBritish Govt.


What are the top 10 monuments in India?

The top 10 Important Monuments in India include the Taj Mahal, Golden Temple, Meenakshi Temple, Mysore Palace, Gateway of India, Red Fort, Hawa Mahal, Qutub Minar, Sanchi Stupa, and Charminar.

What are the 5 national monuments of India?

The five national monuments of India are the Red Fort, Qutub Minar, India Gate, Humayun’s Tomb, and Rashtrapati Bhavan.

How many important monuments are there in India?

India is home to numerous important monuments, ranging from ancient temples to Mughal forts. The exact count may vary, but there are thousands of significant monuments.

Which is the first monument of India?

The Sanchi Stupa, constructed by Emperor Ashoka, is considered one of the first monuments in India, dating back to the 3rd century BCE.

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