The full form of IUPAC is the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. It is a globally known authority on chemical nomenclature and terminology. It includes the naming of new elements, standardising methods of measurements and other such data. Apart from this it also plays a vital role in being the leader in the availability of scientific expertise that aims to resolve sensitive global issues related to chemistry and its various aspects.
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What is the History and Significance of IUPAC?
This global organization was established in 1919. Chemists who recognized the need for international standardisation in the field of chemistry formed the IUPAC. The standardisation included names, weights, symbols etc. This is necessary for the continuous and smooth growth of the scientific community, commerce and international trade. The need for simplification and international cooperation in the work among chemists and chemistry communities around the world were the primary focus of the IUPAC
The members of the IUPAC are present in every corner of the world and thus, form a worldwide chemistry network. The members, affiliates and associates include societies, research and development institutions, industrial companies, universities, laboratories etc.
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What are the Divisions under IUPAC?
The IUPAC has many divisions that are responsible for leading its scientific activities. Each division has a specific branch of chemistry to represent that is indicated by the name of the division and works under the aegis of the IUPAC bureau. These divisions facilitate the scientific exchange of information, knowledge and other related things addressing problems, offering recommendations on nomenclature, terminologies and symbols. The following are the eight divisions of IUPAC:
- Inorganic Chemistry Division
- Polymer Division
- Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry Division
- Physical and Biophysical Chemistry Division
- Chemistry and the Environment Division
- Analytical Chemistry Division
- Chemical Nomenclature and Structure Representation
- Chemistry and Human Health Division
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