What is the Full Form of SAM?

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SAM full form

The full form of SAM is Severe Acute Malnutrition. It refers to a common health and social disorder among young children. In simple words, SAM or Severe Acute Malnutrition is defined by extremely low levels of weight-for-height/length or the presence of nutritional oedema. Moreover, SAM increases the risk of death in children under five years of age. 

Also Read: What is APC Full Form?

Impact of Undernutrition

Here is an overview of the general impact of undernutrition on children:

  • Children suffering from malnutrition are more prone to frequent illnesses.
  • Undernutrition children are susceptible to infections.
  • They require a longer duration to recover from diseases than other children of the same age.
  • Malnutrition can also lead to impaired brain development and lower IQ in young children.
  • Undernutrition children have an increased rate of mortality which can further increase if proper care and treatment are unavailable. 

Also Read: What is The Full Form of AJAX?

What is the Difference Between SAM and MAM?

Here are an overview of the differences between SAM and MAM. 

Characteristics SAM MAM
Full FormSevere Acute MalnutritionModerate Acute Malnutrition 
DefinitionIt reflects extremely low weight for height which indicates a critical and life-threatening condition of children. MAM reflects moderately low weight for height. It is not as severe as SAM.
CharacteristicsCommon characteristics include severe wasting, muscle and fat loss, and edema.Wasting and stunting is present at low levels and are less severe. 
ComplicationsSAM is more prone to life-threatening complications such as organ failure and infection.MAM includes fewer complications but is still susceptible to growth issues.

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