When Was The Third Battle Of Panipat Fought?

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when was the third battle of Panipat fought

The Third Battle of Panipat was fought in the 18th century, at a time when the Marathas were at their peak of expansion and in the opposition was the strong force of Ahmad Shah Abdali of the Durrani Dynasty from Afghanistan, who was determined to take control over India. The Third Battle of Panipat was fought around the city of Panipat a town in Haryana at present and is considered as one of the bloody and deadliest battles in history. Let us together know when was the third battle of Panipat fought.

Timeline of the Battle of Panipat

The third Battle of Panipat was fought on January 14, 1761. It was a bloody and decisive battle between the Maratha Confederacy and the invading forces of Amad Shah Durrani aka Ahmad Shah Abdali. 

  • The Maratha Empire had become a dominant power in India by the 18th century. However, internal conflicts and power struggles weakened the empire, leading to the rise of Durrani who saw an opportunity to invade India and assert his dominance.
  • In 1759, the Marathas captured Lahore from the Durrani Empire, resulting in Ahmad Shah Abdali’s retaliatory invasion.
  • The Marathas were led by leaders like Sadashivrao Bhau, and Vishwasrao (the son of Peshwa), who were killed in combat action.
  • The Marathas initially had the upper hand, but due to a series of strategic blunders, the tide turned in favour of the Afghan forces.
  • A devastating defeat was suffered by the Marathas, eventually losing a significant portion of their army, including many important commanders. 
  • Ahmad Shah Abdali emerged victorious, dealing a severe blow to the Maratha Empire and halting their further expansion.
Maratha Confederacy

The Peshwa also was in shock after hearing about the loss of his son, resulting in Abdali’s annexation. Abdali however, took control till Sutlej, but sent a letter to reinstate the rulers back to the throne.

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That’s all about when was the third Battle of Panipat fought. If you want to read more articles like this, you can get Study notes on the Modern History of India here. Also, you can visit our general knowledge page on Indian History!

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