The full form of SOA is Software Oriented Architecture. A software development technique known as service-oriented architecture (SOA) uses software elements called services to build business applications. Every service offers a particular business function, and services can converse with one another across platforms and languages. Using SOA, developers can integrate multiple separate services to complete difficult tasks or reuse services across various systems.
Benefits of Service-oriented architecture
Compared to the conventional monolithic architectures, where all processes are run as a single entity, service-oriented architecture (SOA) has a number of advantages. Among SOA’s many advantages are the following:
- Faster time to market: In order to save time and money, developers reuse services across several business processes. By using SOA instead of creating code and executing integrations from scratch, they may put together apps much more quickly.
- Effective maintenance: Small services are simpler to create, maintain, and troubleshoot than monolithic applications’ massive code blocks. Changes to any SOA service have no effect on the business process’s overall functionality.
- Greater adaptability: SOA is more tolerant of technological advancements. Your applications can be efficiently and affordably modernised. For instance, modern cloud-based applications can make use of previous electronic health record systems’ features.
How does service-oriented architecture work?
Service-oriented architecture (SOA) is a software design approach that structures an application as a collection of loosely coupled services. Each service is self-contained and performs a specific task. Services communicate with each other using standard protocols, so they can be developed and deployed independently.
SOA can be used to build a variety of applications, including enterprise applications, web applications, and mobile applications. It is a popular choice for building large-scale applications that need to be scalable and adaptable.
Here are some examples of how SOA works:
- A customer service application might use a service to check the availability of a product.
- A shipping application might use a service to track the status of a package.
- A financial application might use a service to calculate interest rates.
Data transmission via a network is governed by established rules that services use to communicate. We refer to these guidelines as communication protocols. The following are a few common SOA implementation protocols:
- Java Message Service (JMS), Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP), RESTful HTTP, Apache Thrift, Apache ActiveMQ