What is the Full Form of IBRD?

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IBRD Full Form

IBRD full form is International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Considered the largest development cooperative bank in the world, IBRD is owned by 189 nations. These countries are member states of the United Nations Organisation (UNO). This cooperative bank is one of the five members of the World Bank. IBRD supports the mission of the World Bank Group by offering advisory services, loans, risk management products, and guarantees to low-income and middle-income nations. In addition, this development bank also offers coordinated responses and solutions to global and regional challenges.

Also Read: List of Top International Organizations and Their Functions

Background of IBRD

The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development is one of the five institutions that make up the World Bank Group. It was established in 1944 during the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, also known as the Bretton Woods Conference, held in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, USA.

The primary goal of the IBRD is to provide financial and technical assistance for the reconstruction of war-torn Europe and the development of other economically struggling countries. Initially, its focus was on post-World War II reconstruction efforts, but over time, it shifted towards supporting long-term development projects in developing countries.

The IBRD provides loans and financial services to middle-income and creditworthy low-income countries, offering them financial support for projects that promote economic development, infrastructure improvements, and poverty reduction. Throughout its history, the IBRD has played a significant role in financing various development initiatives worldwide.

Services of IBRD

The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development partners with creditworthy low-income and middle-income countries to add to global prosperity. Here are some of the imperative services of IBRD:

  • To provide financial solutions like risk management products, guarantees, and loans to middle-income nations and creditworthy low-income countries.
  • To offer advisory services to central and local governments of low and middle-income nations.
  • To invest in all economic sectors.
  • To offer technical expertise and support to federal and state governments at every level of a development project.
  • To support and empower government initiatives dedicated to strengthening public financial management work toward improving the investment climate.
  • To support governments in removing delivery barriers and improving policies.

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