What is Objective Resolution?

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What is Objective Resolution?; Jawaharlal Nehru

The Objective Resolution, though not a legal document itself, had an important part in shaping the Indian Constitution. Jawaharlal Nehru introduced it on the 13th of December 1946 during the first session of the Constituent Assembly. Additionally, the Objective Resolution was a guiding light for the framers of our Constitution which later transformed into the Preamble of the Indian Constitution.

Also Read: The Making of Indian Constitution [Constitutional Design]

The Principles of the Objective Resolution

In addition, the Resolution outlined the principles and objectives that India aspired to achieve.

  • Independent and Sovereign: Free from British colonial rule and with the power to govern itself.
  • Democratic Republic: Governed by the will of the people, with a representative form of government.
  • Social, Economic, and Political Justice: Committed to guaranteeing equal opportunities and rights for all citizens, regardless of social or economic background.

Also Read: Who Wrote the Constitution of India?

Emphasis on Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity

The Objective Resolution reflected the ideals in the French Revolution’s motto, which is ‘Liberté, égalité, fraternité’ which translates to Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity. Moreover, it emphasised on the importance of:

  • Liberty: Freedom of thought, expression, belief, faith, and worship.
  • Equality: Equal status and opportunity for all citizens before the law.
  • Fraternity: A sense of brotherhood and unity among all Indians.

Also Read: Constitutional Development of India (1946 – 1950)

Protecting Minorities and Backward Classes

Furthermore, the Objective Resolution specifically recognised the need to protect the rights and interests of minorities and backward classes. Moreover, it conceived of an India that promotes inclusivity and protects the well-being of all its citizens.

Thus, while not a binding legal document, the Objective Resolution was a moral compass for the Constituent Assembly. Its principles were later reflected in the Preamble and various articles of the Indian Constitution. The Resolution’s emphasis on social, economic, and political justice continues to guide India’s journey towards a more equitable and just society.

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