What is Hung Parliament in India?

2 minute read
What is Hung Parliament in India

A Hung Parliament in India happens when no single party or group wins most of the seats in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament. Furthermore, this means no party or group has enough seats to make a Government alone. Therefore, to make a stable government, they have to talk, make deals, and form coalitions or alliances with each other. Read on to learn more in detail about what happens when there is a Hung Parliament and the First Hung Parliament in India. 

What Happens when there is a Hung Parliament?

When India has a Hung Parliament the formation of a Government becomes tough. 

  • Political parties have to work together after the Election to get enough support to make a Government. 
  • Thus, this means parties with different ideas team up to create a Coalition Government. 
  • Smaller parties and independent candidates become important because their support can help one Coalition win.

Furthermore, creating a Coalition Government means making a Common Minimum Program (CMP). 

  • This is a plan that shows what the Coalition partners agree on for policies and goals. 
  • Additionally, it helps the Coalition focus on common aims, even though they have different views.

Notably, the Hung Parliament also gives more power to smaller parties. 

  • They can ask for important roles in the Government and influence policies, and projects for their areas. 
  • In addition, this usually leads to a Government making compromises and agreeing on things is important for decision-making.

Also Read: What is the Difference between Parliamentary and Presidential System of Government?

First Hung Parliament in India

In 1967, India had its first Hung Parliament. Moreover, this means no single party had enough seats to rule alone. 

  • The Indian National Congress, which had been the main party in charge for years, did not have the majority in the Lok Sabha. Therefore, this was a big change in Indian politics. 
  • Moreover, it led to a time when different parties had to work together in the Government. 
  • This period showed how important it is to build Coalitions and manage different political interests for a stable Government. 

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Lastly, we hope you liked our blog and gained an understanding of What is Hung Parliament in India. Moreover, you may even read more blogs and empower yourself with knowledge regarding Civics and Polity! 

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