List of Types of Doctors 

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types of doctors

The responsibility of saving lives and ensuring people live healthy lives comes with becoming a doctor in addition to position and great respect. There are many different types of specialists who focus on particular human body anatomy and help identify the cause of any kind of illness or discomfort because of the various parts and their complexity. There are various types of doctors in the nation, each of whom focuses on a different disease, physical system, or subject. Among the most popular types of doctors are general practitioners, dentists, gynaecologists, cardiologists, orthopedists, and other specialities. Read on to know more about the types of doctors.

Who is a Doctor? 

A doctor’s job is to identify and treat illnesses and wounds. Physicians examine and diagnose patients, carry out procedures, write prescriptions, inform patients and their families, review medical records, and keep track of their progress. Applicants applying for the MBBS programme within the general category must be at least 17 years old and no older than 25 years old. Obtaining a bachelor’s degree in medicine is the first need to become a doctor (MBBS). All of these specialities are in high demand, including orthopaedics, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology, dermatology, paediatrics, radiology, general surgery, and ophthalmology. A doctor’s annual salary ranges between INR 7 to 20 LPA. Applicants can pursue training in any speciality of their choice, including dentistry, gynaecology, cardiology, and medicine.

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Eligibility Criteria for Becoming a Doctor

In order to become a doctor, a candidate must meet a number of requirements. 

1. In order to be considered for the MBBS programme, a student must have completed the 10+2 Science course (with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as courses). 

2. Make sure one has the academic requirements to pursue this degree before applying for admission to college. 

3. Students who want to enrol in a prestigious medical school must first sit for and pass the required entrance exams. 

4. NEET, AIMS, AFMC, state-level entrance exams, and institute-level entrance exams are a few of India’s most well-known medical admission tests.

5. The next step is to submit an application for admission if you meet the prerequisites and have achieved satisfactory results on a pertinent entrance exam. 

6. Each state has a different admissions process. 

7. Successfully complete the academic programme after being accepted into a reputable college. 

8. You will receive the title “Doctor” following 4.5 years of classroom instruction and a one-year rotating internship.

List of Types of Doctors in India

There are various types of doctors, each specialised in a certain illness or body system. The range varies from one speciality to the next, and each one calls for a particular combination of skills. There are many different types of doctors, including cardiologists, audiologists, dentists, ENT specialists, gynaecologists, orthopaedic surgeons, paediatricians, endocrinologists, radiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, veterinarians, pulmonologists, surgeons, psychiatrists and many more. 

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Endocrinologists types of doctors who care for people with thyroid and diabetes issues. This type of doctor sees osteoporosis patients. A physician with a focus on treating patients with endocrine system disorders is known as an endocrinologist. The pancreas and thyroid glands make up the human endocrine system, which controls hormones and a number of essential functions.

Average SalaryINR 2,000,000 per annum


Psychiatrists are medical professionals with a focus on mental health, which includes drug abuse diseases. Psychiatrists are trained to evaluate psychiatric problems on both mental and physical levels. They assess patients to determine whether their symptoms are due to a physical illness, a combination of a physical and mental illness, or only a mental illness.

Average SalaryINR 16,67,000 per annum


An audiologist is a medical professional who assesses patients with hearing loss or other ear issues, analyses the examination’s results, and offers a diagnosis. He or she helps people with tinnitus and other hearing issues. They often instruct patients on how to use lip-reading and other technology to listen and speak more clearly while wearing hearing aids. The external ear canal is expertly cleaned by an audiologist, who also assesses the causes of hearing loss and decides on the best course of action. Also, a type of doctor who can help with finding a hearing aid.

Average SalaryINR 5,06,000 per annum

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Cardiothoracic Surgeon

A type of doctor, the cardiologist has identified the chest-related organs of the human body, a cardiothoracic surgeon performs surgery. Cardiothoracic surgeons treat conditions like leaky heart valves (S), aberrant hypertrophy, atrial fibrillation, aneurysms of the major arteries in the chest, heart failure, and heart valve obstructions.

Average SalaryINR 24,02,000 Lakh per annum


Dental courses train students for a profession that emphasises the well-being of the teeth, gums, and other oral tissues. Dentistry describes dental procedures are out to avoid mouth illnesses. Dental programme graduates may engage in research for the Indian Army, Navy, or Air Force. Graduates of the MDS programme might start their own speciality clinics.

Average SalaryINR 3,13,000 per annum


Services provided by gynaecologists, types of doctors include infertility treatment, management of gynaecological conditions, treatment of vaginal infections (vaginalitis), dysmenorrhea, hysterectomy, pregnancy-related problems, treatment of cervix and uterus infections (including fungal, and bacterial, viral, and protozoal infections), amenorrhea (absence of menstrual periods), and urinary incontinence.

Average SalaryINR 1,750,000 per annum

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Medical professionals with a focus on treating heart illness include cardiologists. Heart failure, coronary artery disease, and other cardiovascular diseases can all be diagnosed and treated by cardiologists types of doctors.

Average SalaryINR 12,30,000  Lakh per annum


One of a neurologist’s clinical duties is to help patients with epilepsy, neuromuscular diseases, stroke, myasthenia gravis, seizure disorders or other problems of the nervous system. Meningitis, encephalitis, and brain abscesses are a few examples.

Average SalaryINR 12,00,000  Lakh per annum

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Oncologists are medical professionals, types of doctors who assess, identify, and treat cancer patients utilising a variety of therapies in addition to conventional medical and surgical therapy. Medical oncology, gynaecological oncology, paediatric oncology, radiotherapy, surgical oncology, and haematology are among the oncology subspecialties. Medical oncologists treat cancer using immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and medication.

Average SalaryINR 1,301,000 per annum

Orthopedic Surgeon

Specialists in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles include orthopaedic surgeons. Orthopedists are types of doctors who can specialise in different parts of the body, including the spine, shoulder, elbow, hand, foot, and knee. Some orthopedists are generalists.

Average SalaryINR 12,00,000 Lakh per annum

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The medical care of infants, kids, and teenagers is the focus of the medical speciality known as paediatrics. From birth to age 18, a paediatrician is a medical professional in charge of the physical, behavioural, and mental health of children. A paediatrician is qualified to diagnose and manage a variety of paediatric issues, from unimportant symptoms to serious illnesses.

Average SalaryINR 12,00,000 Lakh per annum


Doctors who specialise in the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory disorders in both men and women are referred to as pulmonologists. A physician with a focus on internal medicine, the cardio-pulmonary system and the lungs, which includes the blood vessels, heart and other breathing-related organs, is known as a pulmonologist.

Average SalaryINR 21,00,000  Lakh per annum

ENT Specialists

ENT specialists deal with diseases and other issues affecting the ear, nose, throat, and associated head and neck regions. ENT Specialists have specialised training in treating problems involving the upper pharynx, oral cavity, larynx, ears, nose, nasal tube, and neck. ENT Specialists are in charge of managing nosebleeds, chronic sinusitis, and adenoidectomies.  After receiving their MDs, aspirants can also enrol in an ENT research programme.

Average SalaryINR 10,00,000 Lakh per annum


The field of medicine known as radiology employs medical imaging to diagnose and treat diseases in both humans and animals. Disorders can be diagnosed or treated using a range of imaging techniques, such as X-ray radiography, ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET), fluoroscopy, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Average SalaryINR 12,00,000 Lakh per annum

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A veterinarian is a medical professional who specialises in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, ailments, and injuries in non-human animals. They are also referred to as veterinary surgeons or veterinary physicians.

Average SalaryINR 6,18,098 per annum

Where to Study in India?

The top Colleges to pursue degrees in medical courses are mentioned below:

  • Apeejay College of Fine Arts, Jalandhar
  • Army College of Medical Sciences, Delhi
  • Army College of Nursing, Jalandhar
  • Ahmedabad Dental College and Hospital
  • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune
  • Acharya Institute of Health Sciences, Banglore
  • All Indian Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences and Rehabilitation, Mumbai

Top Recruiters 

Some of the top recruiters for medical students are:

  • Max Hospital
  • Manipal Hospital
  • All Indian Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
  • Apollo Hospital
  • BLK Super Speciality Hospital
  • Fortis Hospital

Employment Areas

Below mentioned are employment opportunities for medical students:

  • Business Organisations
  • Research Organisations
  • Nursing Homes
  • Multi – Speciality Hospitals
  • Railways
  • Embassy


Which type of doctor is paid the highest salary?

The top-paid doctors in India are surgeons, gynaecologists, and prosthodontists.

Can I practise medicine without NEET?

Several medical and paramedical schools do not require NEET for admission, despite the fact that MBBS and BDS are among the most popular options for medical studies in India following the 12th grade.

Which doctor’s monthly salary is 50 lakhs?

Cardiovascular and Diabetic surgeons earn around 50 Lakhs.

We have covered everything in detail about the types of doctors. Hope this blog post was helpful in providing detailed information. Stay tuned with Leverage Edu to discover various job opportunities in India. Connect with us on Instagram, Facebook, LinkedIn, and Twitter to get regular updates regarding careers in India.

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