20 + Exercises On Passive Voice With Modals 

6 minute read

The passive voice with modals in your writing builds up a world of expressive possibilities. If you’re aiming for a formal tone, expressing necessity, or conveying subtle nuances, this combination can be a game-changer. Let us experiment with different modals in this article and experience the power of passive voice to transform your writing into a sophisticated and versatile masterpiece.

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What are Modal Verbs?

Modals are the auxiliary verbs that express ability, possibility, permission, or obligation. 

Some of the common modal verbs are as follows:

Can: Indicates ability, permission, or possibility.

 She can sing beautifully. (ability)

 Can I borrow your pen? (permission)

 It can get chilly in the evenings. (possibility)

Could: Similar to “can,” but often used in more polite or tentative situations.

Could you please pass the salt? (polite request)

 I could swim when I was five. (past ability)

May: Expresses permission, possibility, or a wish.

You may leave the table. (permission)

 It may rain later. (possibility)

 May all your dreams come true. (wish)

Might: Similar to “may,” indicating a lower level of certainty or a more tentative possibility.

 She might join us for dinner. (tentative possibility)

 It might snow tomorrow. (uncertain possibility)

Shall: Used to express suggestions, offers, or future actions (often in formal contexts).

 Shall we go for a walk? (suggestion)

 I shall do my best. (promise)

Should: Indicates obligation, advice, or a recommendation.

 You should finish your homework before going out. (obligation)

 She should see a doctor about that cough. (advice)

Will: Expresses future actions, predictions, or willingness.

 I will call you later. (future action)

 It will rain tomorrow. (prediction)

She will help you with the project. (willingness)

Would: Similar to “will,” often used in more polite or hypothetical situations.

Would you like some tea? (polite offer)

If I won the lottery, I would travel the world. (hypothetical situation)

Must: Indicates necessity, obligation, or a strong recommendation.

You must complete the assignment by Friday. (necessity)

 We must be at the airport by 6 AM. (obligation)

Ought to: Similar to “should,” expressing obligation, advice, or duty.

You ought to apologize for your behaviour. (advice)

We ought to respect our elders. (Duty)

Also Read: Tenses Rules: Charts, Examples, Types [PDF Available]

How to Write Modal Verbs in the Passive Voice?

If the passive modal verbs are in the present tense, we insert be into the modal verb, and transform the base verb to the past participle:

She should fix her computer (active) → Her computer should be fixed (passive)

The table below shows how we use modal verbs in the passive voice:

Modals in the Active VoiceModals in the Passive Voice
He can do it.It can be done.
You could sell your bicycle.Your bicycle could be sold.
She might fix the refrigerator.The refrigerator might be fixed.
She may donate.A donation may be made.
They must finish it today.It must be finished today.
She has to send this email.This email has to be sent.
She needs to find that document.That document needs to be found.
He should fix his writing.His writing should be fixed.

Must Read: Subject-Verb Agreement: Definition, 12 Rules & Examples

How to Change Passive Modal Verbs In Present to Past Passive?

Check the below table to know how to change present passive modal verbs to past passive modal verbs.

Modals in the Present PassiveModal + be + past participleModals in the Past PassiveModal + have been + past participle
This can be done.This could have been done.
The bicycle could be sold.The bicycle could have been sold.
The Laptop might be fixed.The Laptop might have been fixed.
This object may be made.This object may have been made.
His writing should be fixed.His writing should have been fixed.

Exercise on Passive Voice Modals

Change the following active voice sentences to passive voice:

  1. She can solve complex math problems effortlessly.
  2. The team must complete the project by the end of the week.
  3. Students should submit their applications before the deadline.
  4. He may attend the conference if his schedule allows.
  5. We will finish the construction of the new building next month.
  6. You ought to apologize for your rude behaviour.
  7. The employees shall attend the mandatory training session tomorrow.
  8. I can speak three languages fluently.
  9. The children might visit the museum during their school trip.
  10. The company will launch a new product in the market next year.
  11. She must clean her room before going out with friends.
  12. Students should study regularly for better exam results.
  13. The chef can prepare a delicious three-course meal.
  14. He will deliver the keynote address at the conference.
  15. The athletes must follow a strict training regimen.
  16. The teacher might assign additional homework over the weekend.
  17. We should respect the environment by reducing our carbon footprint.
  18. The government will implement new policies to address climate change.
  19. You can join the club by filling out the membership form.
  20. Employees must attend the safety briefing before starting work.
  21. The scientist may discover a breakthrough in medical research.
  22. Students should complete the assigned readings before the lecture.
  23. The team will present their findings at the international conference.
  24. She must return the borrowed books to the library by Friday.
  25. The company should invest in renewable energy for a sustainable future.


Match your answers and analyze your understanding of the concept.

  1. Complex math problems can be solved effortlessly by her.
  2. The project must be completed by the end of the week by the team.
  3. Applications should be submitted before the deadline by students.
  4. The conference may be attended if the schedule allows by him.
  5. The construction of the new building will be finished next month by us.
  6. Apology ought to be made for your rude behaviour by you.
  7. The mandatory training session shall be attended by employees tomorrow.
  8. Three languages can be spoken fluently by me.
  9. The museum might be visited during their school trip by the children.
  10. A new product will be launched in the market next year by the company.
  11. Her room must be cleaned before going out with friends by her.
  12. Better exam results should be achieved by students through regular study.
  13. A delicious three-course meal can be prepared by the chef.
  14. The keynote address will be delivered at the conference by him.
  15. A strict training regimen must be followed by the athletes.
  16. Additional homework might be assigned over the weekend by the teacher.
  17. The environment should be respected by reducing our carbon footprint.
  18. New policies to address climate change will be implemented by the government.
  19. The club can be joined by filling out the membership form.
  20. The safety briefing must be attended before starting work by employees.
  21. A breakthrough in medical research may be discovered by the scientist.
  22. Assigned readings should be completed before the lecture by students.
  23. Findings will be presented at the international conference by the team.
  24. The borrowed books must be returned to the library by Friday by her.
  25. Investment in renewable energy for a sustainable future should be made by the company.

Also Read: Reported Speech Rules With Exercises


What are the main rules of passive voice with modals?

The passive voice using modals is formed by adding the auxiliary verb “be” (be, am, is, are, was, were, being, been) followed by the past participle of the main verb.

Can all modal verbs be used in passive voice constructions?

Yes, all modal verbs can be used in passive voice constructions. For example, “can” becomes “can be,” “should” becomes “should be,” etc.

 Write examples of modals in both active and passive voice.

Active Voice: She can solve complex math problems effortlessly.
Passive Voice: Complex math problems can be solved effortlessly by her.

Explore more exciting reads below:

More from IdiomsMore from SynonymsMore from Antonyms
Idioms to Express SadnessSynonyms of EphemeralAntonyms of Misogyny
Idioms to Express SurpriseSynonyms of WelcomeAntonyms of Brave
Idioms to Express FriendshipSynonyms of CryAntonyms of Selfish
Idioms to Express ExcitementSynonyms of HugeAntonyms of Victim
No Pain No Gain MeaningSynonyms of JovialAntonyms of Lazy

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