Top 10 Most Important Topics of Physics for Class 12 Board Exams 2024: Chapter-Wise Weightage

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Top 10 Most Important Topics of Physics for Class 12 Board Exams 2024

As Class 12 students, we often want to focus on important topics for each subject to prepare well and score well in our board exams. To help you in this process, we have compiled the list of the 10 most important topics for Physics for Class 12 board exams 2024. All the topics mentioned in the blog are a part of the CBSE and state board curriculum. You must prepare short notes on the significant topics and be thorough with the key concepts. Also, practice questions from NCERT Study Material, sample papers, and previous year’s question papers to ace your 12th board Physics exam 2024. 

Check out the Latest Updates on All Board Exams 2024

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Top 10 Most Important Topics of Physics for Class 12 Board Exams 2024

In this section, we will explore the 10 most important topics of Physics for Class 12 Board Exams. These topics are significant for some of the top education boards in India. It is advisable to solve as many previous year questions related to the following topics to score exceptionally in the upcoming CBSE and state board exams 2024.

1ElectrostaticsElectrostatic Potential and Capacitance; Electric Charge and Fields
2Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents (AC)Power Factor; RC, LC, LR, and LCR Circuits; Resonance and Sharpness; LC Oscillations; Magnetic Flux; Motional EMF; Faraday’s Law of Induction; Self and Mutual Inductance; Lens Law
3Current ElectricityOhm’s Law and its Limitation; Combination of Cells and Resistors; Resistivity of Several Materials; Meter Bridge; Krichhoff’s Law; Potentiometer
4Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic Waves; Nature of Electromagnetic Waves; Displacement Current
5Magnetic Effects of Current and MagnetismMagnetism and Matter; Moving Charges and Magnetism
6OpticsWave Optics; Ray Optics; Optical Instruments
7Atoms Line Spectra of Hydrogen Atom;Bohr Model of Hydrogen Atom;de-Broglie explanation of Bohr’s Postulate;Atomic Spectra;Electron Orbits
9Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and SimpleCircuitsp-n Junction diode;n-p-n and p-n-p transistor; p-n Junction in reverse and forward bias;Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semiconductors;Transistor as an Amplifier;Junction Diode as a RectifierLogic gates
10Dual Nature of Radiation and MatterEinstein Photoelectric Equation; Photoelectric Effect; Davisson and Germer Experiment; de Broglie Hypothesis

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Top 10 Most Important Topics of Physics for Class 12 for CBSE Exams 2024: Chapter-wise Weightage

Further, you can check the approximate weightage of important Physics topics in the CBSE Class 12 board exam to plan your study schedule accordingly. The marks weightage is per the previous year’s question papers. In the following table, you will get an estimated marks distribution for the theory paper, which is 70 marks in total. Let’s proceed!!

S.No. TopicsWeightage (Approximately)
1Electrostatics+Current Electricity16 marks
2Electromagnetic Induction and AC+ Magnetic
Effects of Current and Magnetism
17 marks
4Electromagnetic Waves+Optics18 marks
5Atoms+Nuclei+ Dual Nature of Radiation12 marks
6Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and SimpleCircuits7 marks

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Q1. What are the most important topics of Physics for Class 12 Board Exams 2024?

Ans: All chapters are essential for board examination. You are advised to avoid skipping chapters. However, some topics do carry weightage in CBSE board exam, which are as follows:

1. Electrostatics
2. Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents (AC)
3. Electricity
4. Electromagnetic Waves
5. Atoms and Nuclei
6. Electronic Devices
7. Optics
8. Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
9. Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Q.2 What is the weightage of Chapter 11 – Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter in CBSE 12 board 2024?

Ans: Chapter 11 along with Chapter 12 (Atoms) and Chapter 13 (Nuclei) carries a weightage of somewhere around 12 marks.

Q.3. When is CBSE Class 12 Physics exam 2024?

Ans: CBSE Physics board exam 2024 is expected to be held on 21 March 2024. Stay in tune with for regular updates.

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Stay in tune with Leverage Edu’s school education page for the latest updates on Board Exams 2024 and NCERT Study Material. 

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