How To Become An Assistant Professor in India: With and Without UGC NET 

6 minute read
How To Become An Assistant Professor

Professors are responsible for providing high-value education and guidance in a specific stream to college students. It can be a good career being a professor but it will take several years to meet the eligibility requirements for the same. However, you can still make it possible through fulfilling educational goals that fit with this career choice. In this article, we will figure out the details of an assistant professor, his job responsibilities, eligibility criteria, career opportunities, and more.

Who is an Assistant Professor?

An Assistant Professor is a faculty member at a college, or an university. This position is offered to a junior or entry-level faculty role in the college. Assistant Professors are responsible for teaching, conducting research, and contributing to the academics.

How to Become an Assistant Professor With UGC?

To become an Assistant professor with a UGC Net degree, you mandatorily need to have a PhD degree. After that, you can visit the official website of the NTA and apply for a new registration there. Once you are done regierating yourself, you can then start preparing for your examination. Along with this, you also need to keep in mind that having a master’s degree with at least 55% marks, and having teaching and research experience is also very important.

How to Become an Assistant Professor Without UGC?

To become an Assistant professor without, you need to have a valid PhD degree. The UGC allows you to choose wheather yoou want to give the NET exam or not, if you own a PhD degree. Along with this, you also need to make sure that you meet other mabndatory requirements like possessing a master’s degree with at least 55% marks, and having teaching and research experience

Assistant Professor Salary

Once you become a assistant professor, your salary will depend on the various factors like college city, qualification level, years of experience, and more. However, you do not need to worry, as you can checkthe salary package based on all the above factors below. 

Assistant Professor Salary – College Wise

The private college may have a different pay structure as compared to the government colleges. You an check the list of expected salary at the various colleges below. 

Name of the CollegeAverage Annual Salary (INR)
Amity University6.02 L
Lovely Professional University5.60 L
Chandigarh University5.18 L
Sharda University5.90 L
Jaipur National University4.20 L
Manipal University7.90 L
Christ University8.90 L
Presidency University7.10 L
University of Delhi7.77 L
Parul University4.60 L

Assistant Professor Salary – Qualification Wise

The salary of an Assistant Professor depends on the qualification you own. If you have a postgraduate degree, you might be paid less than those, who have cleared NET and also have pursued PhD in relevant subjects. You can check the expected list of the salary in the below table. 

QualificationsAverage Annual Salary
Post Graduation with UGC NET4.28 L
PhD5 L
PhD with UGC NET6.38 L

Assistant Professor Salary – Experience Wise

Experience is another important factor when we talk about higher salary packages. The more experience you have, the mor eyou will be paid. You expect the following amount according to the below number of years of experience. 

ExperienceAverage Annual Salary (INR)
0 – 2 years1.5 L – 3.5 L
2 – 5 years4 L- 6 L
5 – 10 Years6 L – 8 L
10 – 15 years8L – 12 L
15 Years & above12 L and above

Assistant Professor Salary – City Wise

The salary of an assistant professor varies from one city to another. Pay in the metro cities are obviously higher than the those who are living at the outskirts. You can check the expected list of the salary in the below table. 

Name of the CityAverage Annual Salary (INR)
Bangalore5.60 L
Mumbai4.80 L
Pune8.90 L
Chennai3.60 L
Hyderabad6.97 L
Gurugram6 L
New Delhi9.12 L
Kolkata6.84 L

Assistant Professor Salary – Designation Wise

Assistant professor is the entry level designation for the majority of the students. However, as you gain higher qualification and number of years of experience, you get a raise in your existing salary and designation. For more detailed information, you can check out the below table. 

DesignationsAverage Annual Salary (INR)
Assistant Professor5.67 L
Associate Professor8.90 L
HOD12.24 L
Professor10.20 L
Senior Professor22.15 L

Universities Accepting Assistant Professors

These are a few universities where you can apply for the position of Assistant Professor. Yu can even apply at more universities, according to their vacancy requirements. You can access the list below.

S. No.University Names
1University of Calcutta
2University of Allahabad
3Jiwaji University
4Mahatma Gandhi University
5Jamia Millia Islamia
6Assam University
7University of Madras

How to Apply for Assistant Professor Position?

You can apply for the Assistant professor position at the multiple colleges and universities. Universities post the job vacancies on their respective websites. Also, o various apps you can find the vacancy related to the Assistant Professor position. 

Skills Required to Become An Assistant Professor?

The list of skills is quite long to become an assistant professor. You need to have lots of qualities to become a successful professor. However, out of those, below are the most important qualities that you need to have.

  • Research Skills
  • Analytical Skills
  • Knowledge about Topics
  • Counseling
  • Training, etc.

Job Responsibilities of an Assistant Professor

An assistant professor has to execute a lot of responsibilities related to academics and research work. Here is a specific list of all the roles and responsibilities that an assistant professor has to perform.

  • Design and implement innovative methods of teaching. 
  • Teach both undergraduate and graduate students who are pursuing their own field of expertise.
  • Prepare daily lessons and targets for the students.
  • Mentor the students with their academic progress.
  • Guide and mentor the research students in their projects.
  • Assess, review and evaluate the progress and activities of the students.
  • Assist or lend a helping hand to the superior professors in performing their duties and functions.
  • Carry out the publishing of the university’s research works in journals and academic books.
  • Develop professional logistics to help the students improve their performances.
  • Support the functional activities of the department.
  • Facilitating a learning environment that encourages the thirst for knowledge. 
  • Communicate productively with all the other departments, schools, and units inside the university and its external organizations.

Academic Timeline of Assistant Professor

There are a lot of steps that you need to follow to become an assistant professor. It goes like having an undergraduate degree, master’s degree, clear competitive exam, doctoral degree, and more. You can read in detail about these degrees in detail.

Undergraduate Degree

The first step towards starting a flourishing career in research and academics is that you need to complete a bachelor’s degree in any discipline with a good percentage or CGPA. Also, for screening candidates for the post of assistant professor, universities majorly prefer those with stronger academic performance.

Masters Degree

After you earn your bachelor’s degree, you can opt for the specialization you want to pursue in your postgraduation. Generally, the field of specialization closely relates to the majors of your bachelor’s degree. Be careful while choosing a specialization as this shall be a lifetime commitment for you. While pursuing a master’s degree, you must also start preparing for teaching exams like NET JRF if you are planning to take up the job profile of Assistant Professor in India.

Clear a Competitive Exam

 Once you get a master’s degree you can now appear for the NET, SET, or CSIR NET competitive exams. The NET exam makes you eligible for the assistant professor jobs in every college and university. On the other hand, SET will only give you the eligibility to become an assistant professor within the state. Apart from this, if you decide to prepare for the CSIR NET, you will be selected for a lecturer position.

Get a Doctoral Degree

Having a doctoral degree can allow you to directly apply for a college professor position. You can even skip competitive exams when you own a doctoral degree.


What are the qualifications to be an Assistant Professor?

You need a good academic score, at least 55% marks at the masters degree level.

Can I be Assistant Professor without Phd?

You no longer require to be an assistant professor without Phd.

How many years is an Assistant Professor?

There is no specific years required to become an assistant professor.

This was all about the “How To Become An Assistant Professor in India”.  For more such informative blogs, check out our Teaching Exams Section, or you can learn more about us by visiting our  Indian exams page.

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *