How to Prepare for OTET Exam: Strategy, Pattern, Reference Books

3 minute read
How to Prepare for OTET Exam

The Odisha Teacher Eligibility Test (OTET) is a crucial examination for aspiring teachers in the state of Odisha. To become eligible for teaching in classes I to VIII, candidates must clear this exam. In this blog, we will elaborate on how to prepare for the OTET exam, including the exam pattern, preparation strategy, and recommended reference books.

Exam NameOdisha Teacher Eligibility Test (OTET)
Conducting AuthorityBoard of Secondary Education (BSE), Odisha
Job LocationOdisha
Type of ExamState-level eligibility test
Job OfferedTeacher

Must Read: OTET Mock Test 2023: Benefits, How to Solve

Tips to Prepare for OTET Exam

Here are some subject-wise preparation tips to help you excel in the exam:

Child Development & Pedagogy

  • Understand the principles of child development and learning theories.
  • Focus on educational psychology, cognitive development, and socialization.
  • Learn about inclusive education and teaching strategies for diverse learners.
  • Solve previous years’ question papers to get a grasp of the exam pattern.

Language I (Odia/Urdu/Hindi/Telugu/Bengali)

  • Brush up on grammar rules, vocabulary, and comprehension skills.
  • Read newspapers, books, and magazines in the respective language to enhance language proficiency.
  • Practice writing essays, letters, and passages to improve your writing skills.

Language II (English)

  • Strengthen your English grammar and vocabulary through regular practice.
  • Read English newspapers, articles, and storybooks to improve comprehension skills.
  • Practice solving English language questions from previous years’ papers.


  • Thoroughly revise mathematical concepts from Class 1 to Class 8 NCERT textbooks.
  • Practice solving mathematical problems regularly to improve speed and accuracy.
  • Focus on topics like arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data interpretation.

Environmental Studies

  • Familiarize yourself with environmental concepts, ecosystems, and ecological balance.
  • Study topics related to biodiversity, natural resources, and environmental issues.
  • Understand the importance of environmental education and sustainable development.

General Preparation Tips

  • Create a study schedule and allocate specific time for each subject.
  • Refer to standard textbooks and study materials recommended by experts.
  • Solve previous years’ question papers and take mock tests to assess your preparation.
  • Stay updated with current affairs and education-related news.
  • Practice time management during the exam to attempt all questions within the given time.
  • Revise regularly and make notes for quick reference during the exam.
  • Stay focused and maintain a positive attitude towards the preparation process.

Also Read: OTET Exam Dates 2023 (Soon): Check Now

Best Books for OTET Exam Preparation

Following are some books that will prove quite useful and are essential for OTET Exam Preparation-

SubjectRecommended Books
Child Development & Pedagogy“Child Development and Pedagogy” by Shalini Punjabi
Language I (Odia/Urdu/Hindi/Telugu/Bengali)As per the prescribed NCERT textbooks for the respective language
Language II (English)“English Grammar in Use” by Raymond Murphy
Mathematics“Quantitative Aptitude” by R.S. Aggarwal
Environmental Studies“Environmental Studies: From Crisis to Cure” by Rajagopalan and Rajashree Kannan Krishnan

What is the Exam Pattern of OTET?

The OTET exam consists of two papers – Paper I and Paper II. Both papers are conducted separately.

PaperSubjectsNumber of QuestionsMarks
Paper-IChild Development & Pedagogy3030
Language I (Odia/Urdu/Hindi/Telugu/Bengali)3030
Language II (English)3030
Environmental Studies3030
PaperSubjectsNumber of Questions Marks
Paper-IIChild Development & Pedagogy3030
Language I (Odia/Urdu/Hindi/Telugu/Bengali)3030
Language II (English)3030
Mathematics & Science (For Mathematics & Science Teachers)6060
Social Studies (For Social Studies Teachers)6060


What is the best strategy to prepare for the OTET exam?

The best strategy is to create a study plan, focusing on each subject’s weak areas. Practice with previous years’ papers and take mock tests. Revise regularly, stay updated with current affairs, and follow expert-recommended study materials to ensure comprehensive preparation.

What is the exam pattern of the OTET exam?

The OTET exam consists of two papers – Paper I and Paper II. Each paper contains 150 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) worth one mark each. Paper I assesses Child Development & Pedagogy, Odia/Urdu/Hindi/Telugu/Bengali, English, Mathematics, and Environmental Studies. Paper II includes additional Mathematics & Science/Social Studies.

Which reference books are recommended for the OTET exam?

Some recommended reference books for the OTET exam are “Child Development and Pedagogy” by Arihant Publications, “Environmental Studies: From Crisis to Cure” by R.R. Sinha, “Mathematics for Class 1-8” by R.S. Aggarwal, and “English Grammar in Use” by Raymond Murphy. Additionally, NCERT textbooks are crucial study materials.

Hopefully, this blog helped you prepare for your exam! Stay dedicated and persistent! For more such updates do check out our Indian Exams page and stay tuned with Leverage Edu.

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *