The National Register of Citizenship is the full form of NRC. It is a registration list of all Indian citizens, which was mandated by the 2003 amendment of the Citizenship Act, of 1955. The purpose of the register is to register and document all the legal citizens of India so that illegal immigrants can be identified and deported to their respective resident countries. It has been implemented for the state of Assam starting in 2013–2014. The Government of India has announced its plans to implement it for the rest of the country, but it has not yet been implemented. Let’s dive into the blog, to learn more about the full form.
How does the NRC work?
The NRC is a list which is prepared on the basis of a set of criteria, which include:
- Name appearing in the NRC of 1951 or any of the electoral rolls up to March 24, 1971
- Legacy of the above-mentioned persons
- Citizenship by birth, descent, registration or naturalization
To be included in the NRC, an authentic Indian must provide documentary evidence to support their claim of citizenship. This evidence may include birth certificates, land records, educational certificates, and electoral rolls.
Also Read – What is the Full Form of CAA?
Why is the NRC important?
The NRC is important because it can help to identify and deport illegal immigrants, who have crossed the border and are residing illegally. Illegal immigration can pose several challenges to a country, including:
- Increased economic burden
- Increased crime rates
- Increased strain on social services
- National security concerns
The NRC can also help to protect the rights of genuine Indian citizens. By providing a clear record of who is and who is not a citizen, the NRC can help prevent discrimination and harassment of genuine citizens. The document can help in –
- Ensuring the Rights of the Citizens
- Maintain Law and Order
- Safeguard the Demographic changes
- Meet Terrorism and Seek Internal Security
- Planning and Allocation of Resources
Also Read – What is the Full Form of NPR?
What are the Criticisms of the NRC?
The NRC has been criticized on a number of grounds, including:
- It is difficult and expensive to provide documentary evidence of citizenship.
- The process is complex and time-consuming.
- The NRC is discriminatory, as it is likely to disproportionately disenfranchise marginalized groups.
- The NRC has the potential to create social unrest and political instability
National Register of Citizenship is a controversial issue, and people have strong arguments both for and against its implementation in the entire country. It is important to weigh the potential benefits and risks of the NRC before making a decision about its implementation.
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