Similarities Between English and Hindi

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similarities between english and hindi

English and Hindi are one of the most popular languages in the world. Hindi is prevalent in India with more than 584.57 million native speakers. English on the other hand, is the most widely spoken language around the world. 1,500 million people speak English. It is the primary language in more than 40 countries such as the U.S., UK, and  Australia. However, both English and Hindi have several similarities. Keep reading to learn more about the differences and similarities between English and Hindi.

Similarities Between English and Hindi

English and Hindi have several similarities that a student might think. Below is the list of the main similarities between English and Hindi languages.

Language Origin

Believe it or not, English and Hindi have similar origins. Linguists have traced its roots to a common ancestor tongue. It was first spoken 6,500 years ago on the Russi University of California steppes. The new Research was put forward by the University of California, Berkeley after analyzing reconstructed vocabulary from more than 150 living and dead languages. This correlation can be traced to the spread of languages and animal husbandry from a steppe that stretches from Ukraine and Moldova to Kazakhstan and Russia. 

Also Read: Hindi Origin कैसे हुआ जानिए इसके पीछे की पूरी जानकारी

Word Order

There are similarities between English and Hindi words. A word order refers to the position a word is placed in a sentence. It mainly refers to the subject(s), verb (v), and object (o). When there is no object mentioned the sentence structure between English and Hindi is the same. You can notice it in the example(( provided. 

Word Order 
Subject A subject refers to the noun or pronoun used in a sentence
Verb A  verb is also known as an ‘action word’. It explains the action taking place in a
Object  A phrase/word influenced by verb/subject
1She reads the book (SVO)Usne kitab padhi (SOV)
2.Ten months are over (SV)Das mahine khatam ho gaye hai (SV)

Usage of Active and Passive Sentences 

The usage of active and passive sentences is another similarity between English and Hindi.  Active voice is when the subject is performing the action. On the other hand, a passive sentence gives lesser importance to the subject. In a passive sentence, the object and verb is given more importance. Here are some examples of the same.

English ExamplesHindi Examples
ActivePassiveActive Passive
She writes letterLetter is written by herUsne khat likhaKhat uske dwara likha gaya
The cat has bitten her.She has been bitten by the cat.Billi ne use kata Vo billi k dwara kati gayi

Transformation of Sentences 

Language has undergone change with time. Modernisation has resulted in people using easier sentences. 

As a result, complex sentences were changed into easier sentences. It is one of the similarities between English and Hindi.

English Transformation sentence exampleHindi Transformation sentence example
20th Century21st Century20th Century21st Century
About what are you talking?What are you talking about?Apne kanishto ka dhyan rakna apka uttar dayitva haiApne choto ka dhyan rakhna apki zimedarihai
For which flights can I use mobile – check in?Which flights can I use mobile-check in for?Parkisha mein pustak lana varjit haiImtehaan mein kitab lana mana hai

Also Read: Quiz on Hindi Language : हिंदी भाषा के बारे में और भी जानें इस क्विज के द्वारा

Differences Between Hindi and English

Just like the similarities between English and Hindi, there are differences as well. Some of the major differences between English and Hindi are as follows.


One of the major differences between English and Hindi is the usage of alphabets. Hindi is a language written in Devanagari script. On the other hand, English is written in the Latin alphabet/modern Roman alphabet. The Indian language Hindi has a total of 10 vowels and 40 consonants. Comparatively, English only has 5 vowels and 21 consonants.

Also Read: Improve your English Speaking and Listening Skills by Watching Series and Movies

Affirmative Sentences 

The usage of affirmative sentences is another difference between Hindi and English. The typical word order that is used in Hindi is Subject-Object-Verb. On the other hand, in English the typical word order is Subject-Verb-Object. Some of the examples are given below:

Priya eats cake Priya ne cake khaya
They dance in the afternoonVo dupehar mein nache.


Why English is important in our life?

The English language is an important language as it is globally used. Most countries require a student to provide an English proficiency score to study abroad. For example, IELTS/TOEFL score. Moreover, the language is used in politics, science, media, and art. It is also used for socialising

Why English is important in India?

English is an important language in India as it is used for communication around the world. It can also be beneficial for travel. Thus, eradicating cultural boundaries and promoting intercultural communication.

What are the benefits to learn Hindi?

Hindi is a phonetic language and millions of people speak Hindi. Learning Hindi gives an advantage in the global market. Hindi and Urdu have similarities. Hence, learning Hindi is beneficial to learn about other languages

There are several similarities between English and Hindi. English is a language that is globally used and Hindi is one of the most widely spoken languages in India. Some of the similarities between these languages include the language origin, the word order when the object is not used, and the transformation of sentences. To discover more articles like this one visit the study abroad experts at Leverage Edu.

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