What is the Difference between Federal and Unitary Government?

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Difference between Federal and Unitary Government

Deciding which system of Government best suits a particular country relies mainly on its size, diversity, and historical background. This blog examines the Differences between Federal and Unitary governments. In a Federal system, the power is shared between a Central governing body and Regional governments, hence encouraging autonomy for States. On the contrary, a Unitary system has authority in a Single Central government, with Regional divisions having lesser autonomous power. Read on to learn the difference between Federal and Unitary Governments! 

Difference between Federal and Unitary Government

Additionally, here is a detailed difference between both: 

Difference between Federal and Unitary Government
Feature Federal Government Unitary Government
ConstitutionUsually, there is a Written Constitution that mentions the powers of the Central government and those of the States or provinces.The Constitution establishes a strong Central government with little or no constitutional recognition of States.
Power DistributionPowers are divided between the Central government and the States, often specified in a list (e.g., Union List, State List, Concurrent List in India).All powers are held by the Central government, which may delegate some authority to Local governments for administrative convenience.
Amendment ProcessAmendments to the Constitution require the consent of both the Central government and a certain number of States, often through a complex procedure.The Central government has the sole authority to amend the Constitution without needing the consent of States.
Federal CourtsThere are usually courts with jurisdiction over disputes between the Central government and the States. Thus guaranteeing a balanced interpretation of the Constitution.The judiciary is often Centralized, with the Supreme Court having the final say on Constitutional matters.
FlexibilityThe system allows for flexibility in governance, allowing States to address local needs and preferences within their Constitutional framework.Changes in governance policies and laws can be implemented swiftly and uniformly across the country.
ExamplesIndia, United States, Germany, Australia, Brazil, Canada, etc.United Kingdom, France, China, Japan (although Japan has some federal-like characteristics), Sweden, etc.
Difference between Federal and Unitary Government

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Lastly, we hope you liked our blog and gained an understanding of the Difference between Federal and Unitary Government. Moreover, you may even read more blogs and empower yourself with knowledge regarding Civics and Polity! 

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