The PATA full form is “Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment.” PATA is also referred to as EIDE (Enhanced integrated drive electronics) or IDE (Integrated drive electronics). There are 34 pins in the interface connector of PATA. Through this connector, the PATA connects to a flat 2 inches board. It is an older technology standard for connecting and transferring data between a computer’s motherboard and its storage devices, such as floppy, hard drives and CD/DVD drives. PATA was commonly used in personal computers before it was largely replaced by the updated interface known as SATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment), it offers faster data transfer speeds and a more streamlined, thinner cable design.
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PATA Full Form: Types
All PATA cables are alike but with distinct functionality. They are referred to as IDE (Integrated Device Electronics).
Following are the two types of PATA conductor cables:
- PATA 40 conductor cable – This cable is used to connect devices that send data at a rate of 33 Mbps (Megabytes per second).
- PATA 80 conductor cable – With a transmission speed of 133 Mbps (Megabytes per second), this cable can link IDE devices.
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Characteristics of PATA
PATA had several characteristics as a prevalent storage interface for PCs. some of them are listed below:
- High-speed data transfer.
- It does not conduct hot-swapping.
- PATA can link two devices simultaneously.
- It has 40 and 80-pin connectors.
- Its cable length is small i.e. approximately 0.5 meters.
- PATA transfers around 2 bytes of data.
- The older operating systems support PATA and now it is replaced by SATA and NVMe.
- Sometimes it has compatibility issues due to which one needs to switch off the system and restart.
- PATA utilizes a single bus with many wires.
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