Who Defeated Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the Maratha Emperor?

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who defeated Shivaji Maharaj

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj founded the Maratha Empire in the western India. He is regarded as a great warrior of all times, his skills on the field and strength let him increase his empire with every battle he fought. He majorly won all the battles, however there was this one time when he lost. In March 1657, Shivaji Maharaj launched a raid in the Mughal empire, around Ahmednagar. Aurangzeb got ferocious and raided in return. He sent Nasisri Khan who was able to defeat Shivaji Maharaj’s forces. Let us know more about who defeated Shivaji Maharaj.

NameYearBetweenWho won
Battle of Raigarh1646 Chhatrapati Shivaji (Maratha Empire) and General Mulla Ali (Adilshahi Sultanate)Shivaji Maharaj
Battle of Tora1647Chhatrapati Shivaji and the Adilshahi armyShivaji Maharaj
Battle of Thanjur1656Chhatrapati Shivaji and Nayak Raja (Madurai)Shivaji Maharaj
Battle of Kalyan1657Chhatrapati Shivaji and Mughal ArmyChhatrapati Shivaji won. 
However, Aurangzeb responded to the raids by sending Nasiri Khan, who defeated the forces of Shivaji at Ahmednagar.
Battle of Pratapgarh1659Chhatrapati Shivaji and Adilshahi commander Afzal KhanShivaji Maharaj
Battle of Pawankhand1660Chhatrapati Shivaji and Baji Prabhu Deshpande and General Siddi Masood of the Adilshahi armyShivaji Maharaj
Battle of Solapur1664Chhatrapati Shivaji and Adilshahi armyShivaji Maharaj
Treaty of Purandar1665Chhatrapati Shivaji and Amer Maharaja Jai Singh I
Battle of Umargarh1666Chhatrapati Shivaji and the Mughal army.Shivaji Maharaj
War with the Shinde dynasty1670-71Chhatrapati Shivaji and Shinde dynastyShivaji Maharaj
Conquest of Berar and Khandesh1673-74Chhatrapati Shivaji and emperor of Berar and KhandeshShivaji Maharaj
Source- Javatpoint

Also Read – Who Was The Last Peshwa Of Maratha Empire?

Treaty of Purandar

In the year 1665, the tension between the Mughals and Shivaji continued. The forces of Jai Singh, hired by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, tried to press Shivaji and vice versa. Jai Singh used his wisdom to win over the Maratha emperor. He asked the latter’s nobles to come to his side in return for the slight parts of the Bijapur Sultanate. Later, he besieged Puranadar fort, which is when Shivaji, the Maratha emperor, had to release 23 of his 36 forts to Jai Singh, under the treaty of Purandar. It was the only defeat of Shivaji Maharaj. 

Mahmud GhazniMuhammad Ghori
Bakhtiyar KhiljiInvasion of Nadir Shah
Khilji Dynasty (1290–1320)Prithviraj Chauhan
Mughal Emperor JahangirShah Jahan
Emperor BaburEmperor Humayun

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