Treaty of Poona Between Bajirao II and East India Company 

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Treaty of Poona

On 1st June 1817, the Peshwa Baji Rao II and the British East India Company signed the Treaty of Poona. This treaty gave the northern part of the Narmada River and the Southern part of the Tungabhadra River to the Britishers. Moreover, Baji Rao was not supposed to maintain any claim against Gaikwad. Let us get to know more about the treaty of Poona and why the treaty took place.

Peshwa Baji Rao II

Peshwa Baji Rao II was the son of former Peshwa Raghunathrao and Anandibai. He was born in 1775 when his mother and father were imprisoned by the then Peshwa’s cabinet. It was after the suicidal death of the erstwhile Peshwa’s successor that he became the Peshwa. 

Name Peshwa Baji Rao II
Reign1795 – 1818
Installation as PeshwaInstalled as a puppet ruler by Maratha nobles
Treaty of Bassein (1802)– Fled to Pune and signed with the British
– Resulted in the second anglo-maratha War (1803-1805)
Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817)– Joined against British
– Dispute with Gaekwas nobles over revenue sharing
– Surrendered after battle defeats
– Agreed to retire in return for the estate at Bithoor and an annual pension. 
Final YearsDied on 28 January 1851
Source- The Indian Portrait

Also Read – Here is the List of All The Anglo-Maratha Wars!

Third Anglo-Maratha War

The third Anglo-Maratha war began in 1817 and ended in 1818. This war ended with the success of the British East India Company. The group of Bhalse, Pasi, Maratha, Hindustani, and Pathans was known as Pindaris. This group of irregular horsemen continuously raided the areas where Britishers resided which led to the third Anglo-Maratha war

Bitishers intervened in the dispute related to the finances between the Peshwa and Baroda (Gaewads) in the mid-1810. This led to the treaty of Poona where the British swathed the territories of Peshwa and asked him to sign this treaty to claim Gaekwad’s revenues. It also marked the ending stage of the Maratha Confederacy. 

Lord LansdowneLord Irwin
Lord LyttonLord Chelmsford
The Government of India Act 1919Civil Disobedience Movement
Morley-Minto ReformsGandhi Irwin Pact (1931)
Bengal PartitionChalukya Dynasty

This was all about the treaty of Poona and how it led to the end of the Maratha Confederacy. If you want to read more articles like this you can visit our general knowledge page on Indian History

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