Who was the First Indian to win the Nobel Prize?

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The poet, Rabindranath Tagore is the first Indian to win the Nobel Prize in 1913. He was recognized for his excellent work in Geetanjali. A total of 12 Nobel prize winners have been given to India, as of 2024. The concept of this prize was introduced in 1901 and since then a total of 60 Nobel prizes have been distributed. Moreover, Rabindranath Tagore was not just the first Indian to get the Nobel Prize, he was also the first Asian to be honoured with this award.

About Rabindranath Tagore 

Rabindranath Tagore is best known for his poems and in 1913, he was the first non-European writer to win the Nobel Prize. 

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Full NameRabindranath Tagore
Birth DateMay 7, 1861
Birth PlaceCalcutta, India
Death DateAugust 7, 1941
Death PlaceCalcutta, India
ProfessionPoet, Writer, Composer, Painter
Father’s NameDebendranath Tagore
Notable Works– Manasi (in his 20s) – Gitanjali (1912)
Contributions– Introduced Indian culture to the West – Advocated for Indian independence – Founded an experimental school blending Eastern and Western philosophies
Nobel PrizeAwarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913, becoming the first non-European to win the prize
RenunciationRepudiated the knighthood he received in 1915 as a protest against the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
Educational InstitutionEstablished Vishva-Bharati University in 1921, formerly an experimental school in Bengal

Rabindranath Tagore wrote the national anthems for India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. 

About Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prize is the supreme award given to anyone in their lifetime. It is given in six major subjects- physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, peace, and economics. People who have extraordinarily contributed to any of these six areas receive these awards. In the period between 1901 to 2023, a total of 621 awards were awarded to 1000 laureates across these six categories. Amongst the given number, women accounted for 65 awards and organizations accounted for 27 awards. 

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