The full form of NDMA is Nitrosodimethylamine. The nitrosamine class of substances includes the exceedingly hazardous chemical nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA). It is a colourless, odourless liquid that was first created for industrial uses including lubricants and rocket fuel. As well as to serve as a starting point for the creation of different chemicals. However, over time, it was found to have potential hazards for both the environment and human health.
According to its classification as a probable human carcinogen, NDMA may result in cancer in people. Studies have connected NDMA exposure to a higher risk of gastrointestinal, liver, kidney, and lung malignancies. Additionally, NDMA is known to harm the liver and has the potential to harm the respiratory system. Resulting in symptoms including nausea, vomiting, and cramps in the abdomen.
Sources of NDMA
Both naturally occurring processes and industrial activities can produce NDMA. Smoke from cigarettes, some foods like cured and grilled meats, and even some drinking water supplies that have been tainted by industrial discharges are examples of natural sources. The manufacturing of rubber, pharmaceuticals, and insecticides are a few examples of industries that produce and use chemicals that include NDMA.
The European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have established limits for NDMA in food, pharmaceuticals, and drinking water due to the possible dangers connected with this substance. These rules seek to safeguard the general public’s health and guarantee that NDMA exposure is kept to a minimum.
Prevention and Mitigation
In companies that deal with NDMA-containing compounds, it is essential to adhere to good manufacturing practices and put in place appropriate waste management methods to minimise the risk of NDMA exposure. Consumers can also adopt healthy lifestyle habits, such as limiting their intake of processed and cured meats and using appropriate water filtration systems.
Now we know why NDMA is a dangerous substance that puts people’s health at serious risk. Various industries must carefully manage and subject it to strict restrictions due to its propensity to cause cancer and other health problems.