Have you ever wondered how your body fights off infection? The answer lies in a complex system of cells and proteins called the immune system. One of the most important parts of the immune system is CMI. The full form of CMI is Cell-Mediated Immunity.
CMI is a type of immune response that involves the activation of T cells, a type of white blood cell. T cells are responsible for recognizing and destroying foreign invaders, such as bacteria, viruses, and cancer cells. It is a slow-acting immune response, but it is very effective at clearing up infections that are located inside cells. This is because T cells can directly attack infected cells, without the need for antibodies.
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CMI is also important in the development of long-term immunity. Once a person has been infected with a particular pathogen, their T cells will remember the infection and be able to fight it off more easily if they are infected again.
How does CMI work?
Here are some of the ways that CMI works:
- T cells recognize foreign invaders by their unique proteins.
- T cells then activate other immune cells, such as macrophages and natural killer cells.
- Macrophages engulf and destroy foreign invaders.
- Natural killer cells kill infected cells directly.
- CMI also helps to produce antibodies, which are proteins that can neutralize foreign invaders.
CMI is also important in the development of:
- Long-term immunity
- Transplant rejection
- Autoimmune diseases
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CMI is a complex and essential part of the immune system. It plays a vital role in protecting us from infection and disease.
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